What Happened in March 1862

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War)
  • Mar 5 Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
  • Mar 6 Battle of Pea Ridge, AR (Elkhorn Tavern)
  • Mar 7 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern, Day 2, Generals Ben McCulloch & James McIntosh killed
  • Mar 8 Battle of Elkhorn Tavern ends with Confederate withdrawal
  • Mar 8 Confederate ironclad "Merrimack" launched
  • Mar 8 Naval Engagement at Hampton Roads, VA CSS Virginia, Jamestown & Yorktown vs USS Cumberland, Congress & Monitor
  • Mar 9 USS Monitor and CSS Merrimack battle in Hampton Roads
  • Mar 10 Great Britain & France recognise independence of Zanzibar
  • Mar 10 US issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 & $1000)
  • Mar 11 Lincoln removes George McClellen as general-in-chief

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • Mar 12 24th Grand National: Harry Lamplugh aboard The Huntsman wins
  • Mar 14 Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
  • Mar 15 Gen John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, TN
  • Mar 16 Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
  • Mar 22 San Marino & Italy conclude treaty of friendship & cooperation
  • Mar 23 Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign
  • Mar 26 Battle of La Glorieta Pass, NM Terr (Apache Canyon, Pigeon's Ranch)
  • Mar 28 Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
  • Mar 31 Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 John Jay Chapman, US advocate/poet/writer (Learning & Other Essays)
  • Mar 2 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • Mar 4 Robert Emden, Swiss geo/astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • Mar 5 Siegbert Tarrasch, German chess player (d. 1934)
  • Mar 8 Joseph Lee, helped develop playgrounds
  • Mar 12 Jane Delano, US, nurse/teacher/founder (Red Cross)
  • Mar 13 Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov, composer
  • Mar 14 Vilhelm FK Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology
  • Mar 14 Eva Thatcher, American actress, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1942)
  • Mar 17 Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist (d. 1930)
  • Mar 23 Nathaniel Reed, American outlaw turned evangelist (d. 1950)
  • Mar 26 George William Louis Marshall-Hall, composer
  • Mar 28 Aristide Briand, 11x Prime Minister of France (1909-22) (Nobel Peace Prize 1926), born in Nantes (d. 1932)

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 Peter Barlow, English mathematician (b. 1776)
  • Mar 2 Frederick West Lander, US Union brig-general/poet, dies at 40
  • Mar 7 Ben McCulloch, US Confederate brig-general (KIA), dies at 50
  • Mar 7 John Baillie McIntosh, US general-major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • Mar 7 William Slack, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
  • Mar 8 Adrien de La Fage, composer, dies at 56
  • Mar 8 Nat Gordon, last pirate, hanged in New York City for stealing 1,000 slaves
  • Mar 17 Fromental Halevy, [Elie Levy], French opera composer, dies at 62
  • Mar 19 F Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
  • Mar 23 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German chancellor, dies at 81