What Happened in 1863

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 261

  • Jan 1st 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • Jan 1st Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • Jan 1st Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1st Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Jan 2nd Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • Jan 4th 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • Jan 4th The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • Jan 8th American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • Jan 9th -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • Jan 10th 1st underground railway opens in London
  • Jan 10th General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
  • Jan 10th January-uprising begins in Poland
  • Jan 11th Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • Jan 11th Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 12th President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Jan 13th Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
  • Jan 14th Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Jan 15th 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • Jan 16th -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Jan 17th Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • Jan 19th General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • Jan 21st City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • Jan 22nd Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • Jan 25th General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • Jan 26th American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • Jan 29th Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • Jan 31st 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 2nd Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the "Territorial Enterprise"

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • Feb 7th HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
  • Feb 10th 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
  • Feb 24th Arizona Territory created
  • Feb 24th Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
  • Feb 25th Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • Feb 26th Lincoln signs National Currency Act
  • Feb 28th Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3rd US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
  • Mar 3rd 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3rd Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 3rd Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3rd Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3rd Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3rd Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3rd Idaho Territory forms
  • Mar 4th Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • Mar 4th Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 11th 25th Grand National: George Stevens aboard Emblem wins
  • Mar 17th Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
  • Mar 19th The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 20th Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
  • Mar 21st Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • Mar 25th 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded
  • Mar 25th Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
  • Mar 26th Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27th American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 30th Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31st Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
  • Apr 1st 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
  • Apr 2nd Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
  • Apr 7th Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • Apr 10th Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
  • Apr 11th Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
  • Apr 12th -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Apr 13th Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
  • Apr 13th Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
  • Apr 14th William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
  • Apr 17th R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
  • Apr 19th Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • Apr 21st Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
  • Apr 24th Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • Apr 27th Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
  • Apr 29th Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Apr 30th -5/1] Battle of Snyder's Bluff, Virginia (part of the Vicksburg Campaign of the American Civil War): General Sherman beaten by Confederate forces

  • Apr 30th Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
  • May 1st Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
  • May 1st Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
  • May 1st Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
  • May 1st Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
  • May 2nd South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2nd Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 3rd Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
  • May 3rd Battle of Salem Church, VA
  • May 4th Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
  • May 4th End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
  • May 5th Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
  • May 8th Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
  • May 12th Battle of Raymond, Miss
  • May 14th American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place.
  • May 16th Battle of Champion's Hill, Mississippi-bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
  • May 17th Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS
  • May 17th Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language.
  • May 18th Siege of Vicksburg, MS
  • May 19th Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
  • May 21st Siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana, begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 22nd General Ulysses S. Grant begins siege on Vicksburg

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • May 22nd War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
  • May 23rd Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
  • May 27th CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
  • May 27th Siege of Port Hudson LA
  • May 28th 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2nd Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 139

  • Jan 1st Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 1st Pierre de Coubertin, France, baron (revived Olympic games)
  • Jan 2nd Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12th Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14th Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
  • Jan 15th Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • Jan 15th Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
  • Jan 17th David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
  • Jan 17th Henry Charles Tonking, composer
  • Jan 17th Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19th Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28th Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31st F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • Feb 5th Armand Parent, composer
  • Feb 7th Mieczyslaw Soltys, composer
  • Feb 9th Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • Feb 17th Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • Feb 19th Emanuel Moor, composer
  • Feb 23rd Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
  • Mar 1st Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3rd Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4th Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4th John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 10th E. J. Ratcliffe, English stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • Mar 11th Andrew Stoddart, cricketer (My Dear Victorious Stod)
  • Mar 11th Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12th Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12th Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)
  • Mar 12th Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 20th Ernesto Nazareth, composer
  • Mar 21st Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • Mar 21st George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23rd Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25th Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • Mar 27th Henry Royce, automobile founder (Rolls-Royce)
  • Apr 2nd Henry C Van de Velde, Flemish painter/architect (Art Nouveau)
  • Apr 12th Raul d'Avila Pompeia, Brazilian writer (Boarding School)
  • Apr 17th Johannes P Boskaljon, Curacao composer/conductor
  • Apr 17th Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (d. 1940)
  • Apr 19th Felix Blumenfeld, Russian composer, conductor and pianist, born in Kirovohrad, Ukraine (d. 1931)
  • Apr 22nd Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
  • Apr 26th Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26th Charles Haslewood Shannon, lithographer/painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 29th William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Apr 29th Constantine P. Cavafy, Greek poet (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29th Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • May 5th Frederik A Stoett, linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
  • May 12th Charles Bordes, composer
  • May 14th John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • May 24th George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (d. 1938)
  • May 26th Robert Fitzsimmons, Boxing champion (d. 1917)
  • May 28th Georg Adler, German state economist
  • May 29th Arthur Mold, English cricketer (d. 1921)
  • May 31st Francis E Younghusband, British journalist/explorer
  • Jun 2nd Paul Felix Weingartner, Germany, conductor (Zara, Dalmatia)
  • Jun 4th Edmond R H Regout, Dutch industrialist/politician
  • Jun 5th Arthur Somervell, composer
  • Jun 10th Louis M A Couperus, Dutch poet/writer (Eline Vere)
  • Jun 11th Eduard David, German undersecretary (constitution of Weimar)
  • Jun 13th Josef Venantius von Woss, composer
  • Jun 13th Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
  • Jun 16th Paul Antonin Vidal, composer
  • Jun 17th Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1934)
  • Jun 18th George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • Jun 21st Max Wolf, German astronomer (d. 1932)
  • Jun 25th Emile Francqui, Belgian soldier (d. 1935)
  • Jun 29th James Harvey Robinson, Ill, historian (Ordeal of Civilization)
  • Jul 1st William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
  • Jul 12th Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
  • Jul 12th Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
  • Jul 13th Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • Jul 19th Hermann Bahr, Austria writer/director (New Men)
  • Jul 21st C[harles] Aubrey Smith, actor (Prisoner of Zenda), born in London, England
  • Jul 22nd Alec Hearne, cricketer (brother of George and Frank, Kent 1884-1910)
  • Jul 26th Jazeps Witols, composer
  • Jul 28th Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 30th Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan (d. 1947)

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Aug 1st Gaston Doumergue, premier/President of France (1913..34)
  • Aug 11th Arpad Szendy, composer
  • Aug 14th Ernest Thayer, American poet who wrote the famous baseball poem "Casey", born in Lawrence, Massachusetts (d. 1940)
  • Aug 15th Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Aug 17th Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24th Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)
  • Sep 6th Rodolfo Lenz, German/Chilian linguist (El Papiamento)
  • Sep 8th Gustavo Emilio Campa, composer
  • Sep 13th Arthur Henderson, Britain, socialist/disarmament worker (Nobel 1934)
  • Sep 15th Horatio William Parker, composer
  • Sep 18th Hermann Kutter, Swiss Christ-social theologist
  • Sep 21st John Bunny, American film comedian (d. 1915)
  • Sep 23rd Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • Sep 23rd Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28th Charles, Lisbon Portugal, king (1889-1908)
  • Sep 29th Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
  • Sep 29th Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary
  • Sep 30th Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WW I)
  • Oct 3rd Pyotr Kuzmich Kozlov, Russian explorer (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5th Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist
  • Oct 8th Edythe Chapman, American actress (d. 1948)
  • Oct 9th Alexander Siloti, Kharkov Russia, pianist/prof (Moscow Cons 1888-91)
  • Oct 10th Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)

Famous Weddings

  • Feb 10th PT Barnum stages wedding of Tom Thumb & Mercy Lavinia Warren, both midgets, in NYC
  • Mar 10th Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 28th Painter Edouard Manet (31) weds Suzanne Leenhoff (34)

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2nd Roger Weightman Hanson, Confederate brig-gen, dies in Battle of Murfreesboro at 35
  • Jan 9th Ferdinand Huber, composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 10th Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
  • Jan 17th E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73
  • Mar 11th Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
  • Mar 17th John Pelham, US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • Mar 21st Edwin Vose Sumner, US Union-general-major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
  • Mar 28th James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brig-general, dies at 52
  • Apr 4th Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (b. 1790)
  • Apr 8th Joseph Netherclift, composer, dies at 70
  • Apr 10th Giovanni B Amia, Italian astronomer/physicist/botanist, dies at 77
  • Apr 15th Jan Nepomuk Kanka, composer, dies at 90
  • Apr 17th Daniel Smith Donelson, Confederate general/cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
  • May 1st Edward Dorr Tracy, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 29
  • May 3rd Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton, US Confederate brig-gen, dies at 35
  • May 7th Amiel Weeks Whipple, US Union gen-major, dies of injuries at 46

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 10th Thomas Jackson, ["Stonewall"], Confederate general (Civil War), dies at 39

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • May 14th Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent, composer, dies at 46
  • May 16th Lloyd Tilghman, Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 47
  • May 27th Edward Payson Chapin, Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • May 28th Edmund Kirby Jr, Union-brig-gen, dies of injuries at 23
  • Jun 7th Franz Xaver Gruber, composer ("Silent Night"), dies at 75
  • Jun 9th Benjamin Franklin "Grimes" Davis, Union major, dies in battle at 30
  • Jun 17th Isham W Garrott, US attorney/Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
  • Jun 26th Andrew Hull Foote, US Union lt admiral, dies
  • Jun 27th Martin E Green, Confederate brig-general, shot dead at 38
  • Jul 1st John Fulton Reynolds, Union general-major, dies in battle at 42
  • Jul 2nd Stephen Hinsdale Weed, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at 28
  • Jul 3rd Alonzo Hersford Cushing, US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • Jul 3rd Lewis Addison Armistead, Confederate brigadier general Gettysburg/dies in battle at 46
  • Jul 3rd Little Crow, [Ta-oya-te-duta], Santee Sioux indian chief, dies
  • Jul 3rd Richard Brooke Garnett, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 45
  • Jul 3rd Samuel Kosciuzko Zook, US Union general-major, dies in battle at 40
  • Jul 3rd George Hull Ward, American general (b. 1826)
  • Jul 4th Paul Joseph Revere, US grandson of Paul Revere/Union brig-gen, dies
  • Jul 6th Strong Vincent, US Union brig-general, dies
  • Jul 8th Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore, dies at 65
  • Jul 10th Clement Clarke Moore, American Professor and writer ('Twas the Night Before Xmas), dies at 83
  • Jul 10th Paul Jones Semmes, US businessman/Confederate brig-general, dies at 48
  • Jul 13th John S Bowen, US architect/Confederate gen-major, dies at 32
  • Jul 17th James Johnston Pettigrew, US attorney/Confederate, dies at 35
  • Jul 18th William Dorsey Pender, US Confederate Major General, dies of injuries at 29
  • Jul 22nd Carl Schuberth, composer, dies at 52

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 26th Sam Houston, 1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, dies at 70

Texan Revolutionary Sam Houston
Texan Revolutionary
Sam Houston
  • Jul 27th William Lowndes Yancey, American Confederate leader (b. 1813)
  • Jul 28th James Deshler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle at 30
  • Jul 29th Edward Needle Kirk, US Union brig-general, dies in battle at about 35
  • Jul 30th George Crockett Strong, US Union gen-mjr, dies of injuries at 29
  • Aug 5th Adolf Friedrich Hesse, composer, dies at 53
  • Aug 8th Angus MacAskill known as 'Giant MacAskill', circus performer (b.1825)
  • Aug 13th Eugène Delacroix, French painter (b. 1798)
  • Aug 14th Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70
  • Aug 18th Thomas Welsh, US Union brig-general (Antietam), dies at 39
  • Aug 26th John Buchanan Floyd, US min of War (1857-60)/Confederate general, dies
  • Sep 6th Lucius March Walker, Confederate brig-general (in duel), dies at 33
  • Sep 17th Albartus Telting, Fries poet/2nd-Member of parliament, dies
  • Sep 17th Alfred Victor Comte de Vigny, poet, dies
  • Sep 19th Preston Smith, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 39
  • Sep 20th Benjamin Hardin Helm, US attorney/Confederate brig-general, dies at 33

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20th Jakob Grimm, writer, dies at 78

Author Jacob Grimm
Jacob Grimm
  • Oct 2nd Justinus van de Brugghen, lawyer/minister of Justice, dies
  • Oct 4th Gerrit Schimmelpenninck, earl of Nijenhuis/Peckedam, dies at 69
  • Oct 21st Lambertus GC Ledeboer, Dutch old-reformed vicar, dies at 55
  • Oct 31st Louis Ludwig Blenker, German/US brig-general (Union), dies at 51
  • Nov 2nd Theodore Judah, American railroad engineer (b. 1826)
  • Nov 13th Carnot Posey, Confederate brig-generaal, dies at 50
  • Nov 15th Frederik VII, 1st constitutional king of Denmark (childless), dies
  • Nov 20th James Bruce, Count of Elgin & Kincardine, governor Jamaica, dies at 52
  • Nov 21st Joseph Mayseder, composer, dies at 74
  • Nov 24th Claudius Charles Wilson, Confederate brig-gen during American Civil War, dies of fever at camp in Ringgold, Georgia
  • Dec 13th Friedrich Hebbel, writer, dies at 50
  • Dec 22nd Michael Corcoran, Union brig-general, dies at 36
  • Dec 24th W M Thackeray, writer, dies at 52