What Happened in January 1863

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebraska
  • Jan 1 Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • Jan 1 Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 1 Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Jan 2 Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
  • Jan 4 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
  • Jan 4 The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany
  • Jan 8 American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
  • Jan 9 -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
  • Jan 10 1st underground railway opens in London
  • Jan 10 General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
  • Jan 10 January-uprising begins in Poland
  • Jan 11 Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
  • Jan 11 Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • Jan 12 President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • Jan 13 Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
  • Jan 14 Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
  • Jan 15 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • Jan 16 -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • Jan 17 Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • Jan 19 General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
  • Jan 21 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • Jan 22 Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
  • Jan 25 General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • Jan 26 American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
  • Jan 29 Bear River Massacre: American soldiers slaughter hundreds of Native Americans at the confluence of the Bear River and Beaver Creek in present day Idaho
  • Jan 31 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 1 Pierre de Coubertin, France, baron (revived Olympic games)
  • Jan 2 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
  • Jan 15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • Jan 15 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)
  • Jan 17 David Lloyd George, (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
  • Jan 17 Henry Charles Tonking, composer
  • Jan 17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russia, director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31 F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Roger Weightman Hanson, Confederate brig-gen, dies in Battle of Murfreesboro at 35
  • Jan 9 Ferdinand Huber, composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 10 Lyman Beecher, US Presbyterian clergyman, temperance movement leader (b. 1775)
  • Jan 17 E J Horace Vernet, French painter, dies at 73