What Happened in March 1863

Historical Events

  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
  • Mar 3 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 3 Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Mar 3 Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
  • Mar 3 Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
  • Mar 3 Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
  • Mar 3 Gold certificates (currency) authorized by US Congress
  • Mar 3 Idaho Territory forms
  • Mar 4 Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
  • Mar 4 Territory of Idaho established
  • Mar 11 25th Grand National: George Stevens aboard Emblem wins
  • Mar 17 Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
  • Mar 19 The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
  • Mar 20 Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
  • Mar 21 Naval Engagement at Havana, Cuba: USS Henrick Hudson vs Confederate blokcade runner Wild Pigeon
  • Mar 25 1st US Army Medal of Honor awarded
  • Mar 25 Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
  • Mar 26 Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 27 American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Mar 30 Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
  • Mar 31 Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 10 E. J. Ratcliffe, English stage and screen actor, born in London (d. 1948)
  • Mar 11 Andrew Stoddart, cricketer (My Dear Victorious Stod)
  • Mar 11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italy, writer/military hero (Intruder)
  • Mar 12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 20 Ernesto Nazareth, composer
  • Mar 21 Hugo Kaun, German composer, born in Berlin (d. 1932)
  • Mar 21 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • Mar 27 Henry Royce, automobile founder (Rolls-Royce)

Famous Weddings

  • Mar 10 Prince of Wales, Albert Edward (21) weds Princess Alexandra of Denmark (18) at Windsor Castle in St. George's chapel

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 11 Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet, English general (b. 1803)
  • Mar 17 John Pelham, US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • Mar 21 Edwin Vose Sumner, US Union-general-major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
  • Mar 28 James Cooper, US attorney/senator/Union-brig-general, dies at 52