What Happened in July 1864

Historical Events

  • Jul 2 Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 2 Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms
  • Jul 3 Battle of Chattahoochie River, GA [until Jul 9]
  • Jul 3 Harpers Ferry, WV - Federals evacuate in face of Early's advance
  • Jul 5 Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia(Skirmish at Pace's Ferry) fought during the Atlanta Campaign of the American Civil War
  • Jul 5 Battle of Smith's Expedition, MS (Tupelo, Harrisburg)
  • Jul 7 S Middleton, MD -Early's Washington Raid-
  • Jul 8 The Shinsengumi sabotage the Choshu-han shishi's planned attack on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya. This event is known as Ikedaya Jiken
  • Jul 9 Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400
  • Jul 11 Battle of Fort Stevens, DC (Early's Raid, Tennallytown, MD)
  • Jul 11 Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 13 Early retreats from Washington City back to Shenandoah Valley
  • Jul 14 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
  • Jul 15 Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 & injuring 109 of 955 aboard
  • Jul 17 CSA President Davis replaces Gen Joe Johnston with John Bell Hood
  • Jul 18 President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service
  • Jul 19 Third Battle of Winchester, VA (Stephenson's Depot) [->JUL 20]
  • Jul 20 Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured
  • Jul 20 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
  • Jul 22 Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US soldiers die
  • Jul 23 Battle of Woodstock, VA
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at McCook's to Lovejoy Station GA, US600 CS---
  • Jul 26 -31] Riot at Stoneman's to Macon GA, US1000 CS---
  • Jul 26 Battle at Ezra Chapel (Church), Georgia [Hood's Third Sortie]
  • Jul 27 Battle of Darbytown, VA (Deep Bottom, Newmarket Road) (Strawberry Plains)
  • Jul 28 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • Jul 28 Battle of Atlanta, Georgia (Ezra Church) - second sortie US700 CS4642
  • Jul 29 3rd & last day of Battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • Jul 29 Battle of Macon, GA (Stoneman's Raid)
  • Jul 29 American Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • Jul 30 Battle of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania - burned by Union forces under McCausland
  • Jul 30 Battle of Petersburg: General Burnsides fails in an attack on Petersburg in the Battle of the Crater

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 6 Alberto Nepomuceno, Brazil, composer/conductor (Artemis)
  • Jul 9 Franz Miller, becomes first Train Murderer
  • Jul 11 Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher (d. 1944)
  • Jul 12 George Washington Carver, botanist (studied the peanut) [or Jan 10]
  • Jul 13 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), born in Rhinebeck, New York (d. 1912)
  • Jul 15 Marie Tempest [Marie Susan Etherington], British actress known as the "queen of her profession" (Yellow Sands), born in London, England (d. 1942)
  • Jul 18 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • Jul 18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • Jul 20 Erik Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)
  • Jul 21 Frances Folsom Cleveland, 1st lady (1885-89, 93-97)
  • Jul 23 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and Prime Minister (d. 1903)
  • Jul 24 Frank Wedekind, German playwright (The "Lulu" plays)
  • Jul 24 Michel Gaston Carraud, composer

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 6 Samuel Allen Rice, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 36
  • Jul 16 Victor JB Girardey, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 27
  • Jul 17 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 29
  • Jul 17 Dirk Dark Curtius, attorney/liberal minister of Justice, dies at 71
  • Jul 22 James Birdseye Mcpherson, US Union gen-major, dies in battle at 35
  • Jul 22 William Henry Talbot Walker, Confederate gen-mjr, dies in battle at 47
  • Jul 25 Clement Hoffman Stevens, Us banker/inventor/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 42
  • Jul 27 Margaret E Breckinridge, US nurse/daughter of VP John, dies
  • Jul 28 Johann Hermann Kufferath, composer, dies at 67
  • Jul 28 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 44
  • Jul 31 Louis Hachette, French publisher, dies at 64