Today in History for Year 1865

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Months in Year 1865: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 183

Jan 1st - -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
Jan 3rd - Con Orem & Hugh O'Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match
Jan 4th - The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.
Jan 11th - Battle of Beverly, WV
Jan 12th - -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
Jan 13th - -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
Jan 15th - Ft Fisher, NC, falls to Union troops
Jan 16th - Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
Jan 16th - Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
Jan 16th - SF Dramatic Chronicle started
Jan 18th - Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC
Jan 19th - NV Suriname Bank established
Jan 19th - Union occupies Fort Anderson, NC
Jan 23rd - -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
Jan 25th - CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
Jan 28th - Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson DavisPresident of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis Jan 31st - Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
Jan 31st - Gen Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War
Feb 1st - 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
Feb 1st - General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins
Feb 1st - JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
Feb 3rd - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
Feb 4th - Hawaiian Board of Education formed
Feb 4th - Robert E. Lee is named general-in-chief of Confederate forces
Feb 5th - Battle of Hatcher's Run, VA (Armstrong's Mill, Dabney's Mill)
Feb 6th - 2nd day of battle at Dabney's Mills (Hatcher's Run)
Feb 8th - 1st black major in US Army appointed during US Civil war - Martin Robison Delany
Feb 12th - Henry Highland Garnet is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee Feb 17th - -18] Battle of Charleston SC
Feb 17th - Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
Feb 18th - Battle of Fort Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
Feb 18th - Evacuation of Charleston, SC
Feb 18th - Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
Feb 20th - Massachusetts Institute of Technology forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
Feb 22nd - Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
Feb 22nd - Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
Feb 27th - Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
Mar 2nd - British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
Mar 2nd - Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
Mar 2nd - Conferate General Early's army is defeated at the battle of Waynesboro VA during American Civil War
Mar 2nd - Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln Mar 3rd - US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
Mar 3rd - Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
Mar 4th - Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"
Mar 4th - Abraham Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US president
Mar 6th - Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida
Mar 6th - President Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Ball
Mar 7th - -10] Battles round Kinston NC
Mar 8th - Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks)
Mar 8th - 27th Grand National: Capt. Henry Coventry aboard Alcibiade FRA wins
Mar 10th - Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC
Mar 11th - General William T. Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC
Mar 13th - US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
Union General William Tecumseh ShermanUnion General William Tecumseh Sherman Mar 13th - US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
Mar 16th - Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)
Mar 18th - Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, AL
Mar 18th - Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
Mar 19th - Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
Mar 20th - 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC
Mar 20th - Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives
Mar 21st - Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
Mar 22nd - Raid at Wilson's: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA
Mar 23rd - General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC
Mar 25th - Battle of Bluff Spring, FL
Mar 25th - Battle of Fort Stedman, VA - in front of Petersburg
Mar 25th - Battle of Mobile, AL (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
Mar 25th - SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400
Mar 27th - Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
Mar 29th - -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, VA, 7582 killed
Mar 29th - Battle of Quaker Road, VA
Mar 30th - -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia
Mar 31st - Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
Mar 31st - Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg
Apr 1st - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
Apr 1st - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
Apr 2nd - Battle of Petersburg, VA (Ft Gregg, Sutherland's Station)
Apr 2nd - US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, VA
Apr 2nd - Battle of Ft Blakely AL & Selma AL
Apr 3rd - Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
Apr 3rd - Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg
Apr 4th - Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
Apr 5th - Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
Apr 6th - Battle of Sayler's Creek during US Civil War, 1/4rd of Lee's army cut off
Apr 6th - Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox) during US Civil war;
Apr 7th - Battle of Farmville VA
Apr 9th - US Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Apr 10th - At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last
Apr 11th - Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates
Apr 11th - Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
Apr 13th - Battle of Raleigh, NC
Apr 13th - Sherman's march through Georgia begins
Apr 14th - Mobile, Alabama is captured
Apr 14th - US Secret Service created to fight counterfeiting
Apr 14th - U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
Apr 14th - President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Apr 15th - Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen
Apr 15th - Abraham Lincoln is shot & killed while attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre
Apr 16th - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
Apr 17th - Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln's assassination
Apr 18th - Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 155

Jan 1st - Giuseppe Ferrata, composer
Jan 3rd - Henry Lytton, British actor and opera singer (d. 1936)
Jan 5th - Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (d. 1920)
Jan 10th - Mary Ingalls, sister of Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)
Jan 13th - Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
Jan 17th - Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)
Jan 20th - Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
Jan 22nd - Friedrich Paschen, German physicist
Jan 23rd - Benjamin Delmonte, theater director/actor (Black Haired Whore)
Jan 28th - Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
Jan 28th - Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
Jan 30th - Samuel Pl'h Naber, Dutch rear-admiral/librarian
Jan 31st - Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
Jan 31st - Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
Feb 3rd - Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Will Power)
Feb 4th - Charles Bally, Swiss linguist (Le langage et la vie)
Feb 5th - Harvey Worthington Loomis, composer
Feb 9th - Erich von Drygalski, Germany, geographer/glaciologist/Antarctic expl
Feb 9th - Mrs [Beatrice] Patrick Campbell, England, actress (Pygmalion)
Feb 12th - Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)
Feb 19th - Adrian van Oordt, Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
Feb 19th - Sven Hedin, Sweden, scientist/explorer (Tibet)
Feb 21st - John Haden Badley, English school founder (d. 1967)
Feb 22nd - Otto Modersohn, German painter
Feb 23rd - Barney Dreyfuss, baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
Feb 28th - Arthur Symons, Welsh poet/critic/co-founder (Savoy)
Feb 28th - Wilfred Grenfell, England, medical missionary
Mar 1st - Gerard Vissering, Dutch banker/president (Bank of Java)
Mar 1st - Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
Mar 3rd - Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler, composer
Mar 8th - Frederick William Goudy, US, printer/type designer
Mar 9th - Margaret Murray Washington, wife of Booker T/head (NACW 1896..1918)
Mar 10th - Pim [Willem JH] Mulier, Dutch journalist/writer/sport-organizer
Mar 16th - Patsy Donovan, Irish-American baseball player (d. 1953)
Mar 19th - William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
Mar 22nd - Theophile Ysaye, composer
Mar 25th - Pierre Weiss, Mulhouse, France, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism)
Mar 30th - Heinrich Rubens, German physicist
Apr 1st - Richard Zsigmondy, Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)
Apr 8th - Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist (d. 1940)
Apr 9th - Charles Proteus Steinmetz, Germany, experiment with AC electricity
Apr 9th - Erich Ludendorff, general (Germany)
Apr 10th - Jack Miner, Canadian conservationist (d. 1944)
Apr 13th - Heinrich Reinhardt, composer
Apr 16th - Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)
Apr 17th - Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
Apr 23rd - Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general (d. 1943)
Apr 27th - Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
Apr 30th - Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)
May 2nd - Clyde Fitch, American playwright (d. 1909)
May 5th - Felicjan Szopski, composer
May 5th - Nellie Bly, [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (d. 1922)
May 9th - August de Boeck, composer
May 15th - Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion)
May 18th - William Heinemann, England, publisher (Chemical Instrumental)
May 22nd - Enrique Morera, composer
May 23rd - Epitácio Pessoa, President of Brazil (d. 1942)
May 25th - Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxon (1904-18)
May 25th - John Raleigh Mott, organizer (YMCA, Nobel 1946)
May 25th - Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Zeeman effect, Nobel 1902)
May 26th - Akseli V Gallen-Kallela, Fins painter/graphic artist/illustrator
May 26th - Robert W. Chambers, American artist (d. 1933)
May 28th - Gerrit Grijns, Dutch physiologist (Vitamin E)
Jun 2nd - George Lohmann, cricketer (England's great bowler late 19th cent)
King of the United Kingdom George VKing of the United Kingdom George V (Jun 3rd) Jun 3rd - George V, Saksen-Coburg [Windsor], King of Great Britain (1910-36)
Jun 7th - Guido Gasperini, composer
Jun 9th - Carl Nielsen, Norre-Lyndelse Denmark, composer (Det Uuslukkelige)
Jun 9th - Lucien-Denis-Gabriel-Alberic Magnard, French composer
Jun 10th - Frederick A Cook, US, explorer (claimed falsely to be at North Pole)
Jun 11th - Jan H Leopold, Dutch poet (translated Omar Khayyam)
Jun 13th - William Butler Yeats, Ireland, poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923)
Jun 14th - Auguste Jean Maria Charles Serieyx, composer
Jun 15th - L H Perquin, Dutch religious radio speaker
Jun 15th - Paul Gilson, composer
Jun 19th - Alfred Hugenberg, German RC pres-dir of Krupp/media magnate
Jun 19th - May Whitty, actress (Mrs Miniver, Suspicion), born in Liverpool, England
Jun 21st - Albert Herbert Brewer, composer
Jun 24th - Robert Henri, US painter, leader of Ashcan school of painting
Jun 26th - Bernard Berenson, art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance)
Jun 26th - Charles E Bonin, French explorer/diplomat (China)
Jun 26th - George C Pearce, actor (Country Kid, British Agent, Valiant)
Jun 28th - Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer/journalist (Remarkable Stories)
Jun 29th - Shigechiyo Izumi, once thought to be the world's oldest man ever but birth date now disputed (120 y 237 d)
Jun 29th - William E Borah, lawyer/(Sen-R-Id)
Jul 2nd - Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
Jul 6th - Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Swiss musician (d. 1950)
Jul 10th - Jan "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch philanthropist (Steurtjes)
Jul 14th - Annie Jones, Virginia, bearded lady
Jul 15th - Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe
Jul 15th - Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
Jul 16th - George A Birmingham, [Rev James Owen Hannay], novelist
Jul 18th - Laurence Housman, England, author/playwright (Victoria Regina)
Jul 19th - Charles Horace Mayo, surgeon/co-founder (Mayo Clinic)
Jul 21st - Robert Kahn, composer
Jul 23rd - Friedrich Aereboe, Dutch landlord (d. 1942)
Jul 23rd - Max Heindel, Danish Christian occultist, astrologer, and mystic (d. 1919)
Jul 25th - Jac[obus] P Thijsse, Dutch biologist/educator (Contact with Plants)
Jul 26th - Philipp Scheidemann, German Parliament (SPD)/mayor of Kassel
Jul 29th - Nicola Spinelli, composer
Aug 2nd - Irving Babbitt, US writer (Rousseau & Romanticism)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 2 of 2

Jan 16th - Confederate soldier during US Civil War Brigadier General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary
Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der WaalsPhysicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals (Sep 27th) Sep 27th - Physicist Johannes van der Waals (27) weds Anna Magdalena Smit (18)

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 83 of 83

Jan 3rd - Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, dies at 43
Jan 8th - Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general (b. 1779)
Jan 16th - Edmond François Valentin About, French writer (b. 1828)
Jan 19th - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
Feb 6th - John Pegram, US Confederate brig-gen, dies in battle at 33
Feb 7th - John Henry Winder, US Confederate brig-gen/provost marshal, dies at 64
Feb 10th - Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (b. 1804)
Feb 15th - Nicholas Wiseman, 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65), dies
Feb 25th - Otto Ludwig, German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
Mar 1st - Anna Paulowna Romanova, great monarch of Russia, dies at 70
Mar 2nd - Carl Sylvius Völkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819)
Mar 10th - William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting, Confed gen-maj, dies at 48
Mar 20th - Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai (b. 1833)
Mar 26th - Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies
Mar 27th - Petrus Hoffman Peerlkamp, Dutch scholar (b. 1786)
Mar 28th - Albert G Bilders, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26
Apr 1st - Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797)
Apr 2nd - Ambrose Powell Hill, Confederate general, killed in action at 39
Apr 2nd - Richard Cobden, founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
Apr 6th - John Austin Wharton, US Confederate general-major, dies at 36
Apr 6th - Reuben B Boston, US Confederate cavalery colonel, dies in battle
Apr 8th - John Park, composer, dies at 61
Apr 9th - Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln (Apr 15th) Apr 15th - Abraham Lincoln, 16th American president, dies from gunshot wound at 56
Apr 16th - Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
Apr 22nd - Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries
Apr 23rd - James Dearing, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 24
Apr 26th - Charles J Sax, Belgium musician and father of Adolphe Sax inventor of the saxophone, dies at 74
Apr 26th - John Wilkes Booth, assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27
Apr 28th - Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)
Apr 30th - Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)
May 21st - Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish Archaeologist, created Stone, Bronze, Iron age system, dies at 76
May 30th - William Clarke Quantrill, criminal/Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27
Assassin John Wilkes BoothAssassin John Wilkes Booth (Apr 26th) Jun 2nd - John E Feisser, founder (1st Dutch baptist church), dies at 59
Jun 2nd - Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (b. 1783)
Jun 3rd - Okada Izō, Japanese samurai (b. 1838)
Jun 8th - Joseph Paxton, designer (Crystal Palace), dies
Jun 13th - Cleaveland J Campbell, Union brig-general, dies at about 29
Jun 15th - Edmun Ruffin, US secessionist/writer, commits suicide
Jun 15th - Jakob Zeugheer, composer, dies at 61
Jun 21st - Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
Jul 7th - Mary Surratt, & 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged
Jul 7th - Lewis Paine, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1844)
Jul 7th - David Herold, Lincoln conspirator (b. 1842)
Jul 15th - Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink, Dutch historian, dies at 55
Jul 24th - Johan Filip von Schantz, composer, dies at 30
Jul 25th - "James Barry", military surgeon, first womanin Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor
Jul 30th - George Wright, US Union brig-general, dies at 61
Aug 12th - William Jackson Hooker, botanist, dies
Aug 13th - Ignaz Semmelweis, gynecologist, dies at 47
Aug 17th - Johann Nepomuk Poissl, composer, dies at 82
Aug 17th - Mosby Munroe Parsons, US Confederate gen-maj, dies in battle
Aug 26th - Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
Aug 26th - Marcellus Monroe Crocker, US attorney/Union brig-general, dies at 35
Aug 27th - Jozef Nowakowski, composer, dies at 64
Aug 29th - John Brough, US publisher/(gov-R-Ohio), dies at about 54
Sep 11th - Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (b. 1806)
Sep 16th - Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (b. 1792)
Sep 20th - William H Revere Jr, US Union brig-general, dies
Sep 22nd - Heinrich Christian Pander, Russian zoologist, dies at 71
Sep 24th - Frantiszek Soltyk, composer, dies at 81
Sep 30th - Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar (b. 1800)
Oct 8th - Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst, composer, dies at 51
Oct 12th - William Vincent Wallace, composer, dies at 53
Oct 16th - Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)
Oct 18th - Lord Henry JT Palmerston, English Minister of Foreign affairs, dies at 80
Oct 20th - Champ Ferguson, Confederate guerrilla (b. 1821)
Oct 31st - William Parson, 3rd Earl of Rosse & maker of large telescopes, dies
Nov 6th - Atale Therese Annette Wartel, composer, dies at 51
Nov 10th - Henry Wards, Confederate prison supt, executed for excessive cruelty
Nov 12th - Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
Nov 17th - James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist (b. 1813)
Nov 23rd - Josef Leopold Zvonar, composer, dies at 41
Nov 23rd - René E de Russy, West Indian/US brig-general, dies at about 75
Nov 25th - Heinrich Barth, German historian/geographer (Central Africa), dies
Nov 29th - Herman van Sonsbeeck, Dutch lawyer/statesman, dies at 69
Dec 1st - Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
Dec 1st - Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
Dec 6th - Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish composer (Arreglito), dies at 56
Dec 10th - King Léopold I of Belgium (b. 1790)
Dec 14th - Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (b. 1794)
Dec 18th - Francisco Manuel da Silva, composer, dies at 70
Dec 24th - Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)

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