What Happened in April 1865

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
  • Apr 1 Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
  • Apr 2 Battle of Petersburg, VA (Ft Gregg, Sutherland's Station)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Apr 2 Battle of Ft Blakely AL & Selma AL
  • Apr 3 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • Apr 3 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • Apr 4 Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
  • Apr 5 Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
  • Apr 6 Battle of Sayler's Creek during US Civil War, 1/4rd of Lee's army cut off
  • Apr 6 Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox) during US Civil war;
  • Apr 7 Battle of Farmville VA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 9 US Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Apr 10 At Appomattox, General Robert E. Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last
  • Apr 11 Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 11 Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 13 Raleigh, North Carolina captured by Union forces
  • Apr 14 Mobile, Alabama is captured
  • Apr 14 U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
  • Apr 14 US President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 15 Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen

German Statesman Otto von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto von Bismarck
  • Apr 15 Abraham Lincoln dies 9 hours after he is shot attending the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington
  • Apr 16 Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
  • Apr 17 Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln's assassination

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 18 Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

  • Apr 20 Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
  • Apr 21 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington
  • Apr 24 Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF)
  • Apr 26 Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)
  • Apr 26 Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA
  • Apr 26 Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC
  • Apr 27 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • Apr 27 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • Apr 28 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Richard Zsigmondy, Germany, chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • Apr 8 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist (d. 1940)
  • Apr 9 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, Germany, experiment with AC electricity
  • Apr 9 Erich Ludendorff, general (Germany)
  • Apr 10 Jack Miner, Canadian conservationist (d. 1944)
  • Apr 13 Heinrich Reinhardt, composer
  • Apr 16 Henry George Chauvel, Australian general (d. 1945)
  • Apr 17 Ursula Julia Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint (d. 1939)
  • Apr 23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general (d. 1943)
  • Apr 27 Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • Apr 30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)

Famous Deaths

  • Apr 1 Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (b. 1797)
  • Apr 2 Ambrose Powell Hill, Confederate general, killed in action at 39
  • Apr 2 Richard Cobden, founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
  • Apr 6 John Austin Wharton, US Confederate general-major, dies at 36
  • Apr 6 Reuben B Boston, US Confederate cavalery colonel, dies in battle
  • Apr 8 John Park, composer, dies at 61
  • Apr 9 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 15 Abraham Lincoln, 16th American President, dies from gunshot wounds at 56

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 16 Robert C Tyler, US Confederate brig-general, dies in battle
  • Apr 22 Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries
  • Apr 23 James Dearing, US Confederate brig-general, dies at 24
  • Apr 26 Charles J Sax, Belgium musician and father of Adolphe Sax inventor of the saxophone, dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 26 John Wilkes Booth, assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27

  • Apr 28 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-born British shipping magnate (b. 1787)
  • Apr 30 Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and meteorologist (b. 1805)