What Happened in December 1865

Historical Events

  • Dec 5 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • Dec 6 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 17 Franz Schubert's "Unfinished Symphony" premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Composer
Franz Schubert
  • Dec 18 1st US cattle importation law passed
  • Dec 20 De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens
  • Dec 24 Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn
  • Dec 26 James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 4 Edith Louisa Cavell, England, nurse (WWI)
  • Dec 8 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (Taylor series)
  • Dec 8 Jean Sibelius, Tavastehus Finland, composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia)
  • Dec 13 Gustav Luders, composer
  • Dec 16 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor
  • Dec 19 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • Dec 19 Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1932)
  • Dec 19 Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
  • Dec 20 Maude Gonne, Irish nationalist (Irish Joan of Arc)
  • Dec 20 Elsie De Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (d. 1950)
  • Dec 25 Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general (1904-34)
  • Dec 28 Félix Vallotton, Swiss-French painter and writer (Chaste Suzanna), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1925)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 30 Rudyard Kipling, English author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1936)


Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
  • Dec 1 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
  • Dec 6 Sebastian de Iradier, Spanish composer (Arreglito), dies at 56
  • Dec 10 King Léopold I of Belgium (b. 1790)
  • Dec 14 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist (b. 1794)
  • Dec 18 Francisco Manuel da Silva, composer, dies at 70
  • Dec 24 Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)