What Happened in 1865 (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 179 of 179

  • Apr 24 Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF)
  • Apr 26 Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)
  • Apr 26 Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA
  • Apr 26 Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC
  • Apr 27 Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
  • Apr 27 Steamboat "SS Sultana" explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. Most were paroled Union POWs on their way home.
  • Apr 28 Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 US President Andrew Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • May 4 Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders
  • May 5 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)
  • May 10 US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis captured by Union troops at Irwinsville Georgia
  • May 10 Surrender of Sam Jones
  • May 11 Confederate Brigadier General Meriwether Jeff Thompson surrenders at Jacksonport, Arkansas
  • May 12 Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
  • May 13 Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War, Private John Jefferson Williams of B Company, 34th Regiment Indiana Infantry is last man killed
  • May 17 The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established.
  • May 23 -24] Victory parade in Washington, D.C. (Grand Review)
  • May 23 Flag flown at full mast over White House for the first time since Lincoln was shot
  • May 26 Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith
  • Jun 2 At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept
  • Jun 8 Tristanderl und Zusholde, premieres
  • Jun 9 Battle of Grand Gulf, MS
  • Jun 10 Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde" 1st performance Munich Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 13 President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction of confederate states

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Jun 19 Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas
  • Jun 22 1st class cricket debut of Dr W G Grace
  • Jun 23 At Fort Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confederate army
  • Jun 28 The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
  • Jun 30 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
  • Jul 2 One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission
  • Jul 4 First edition of "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" is published
  • Jul 5 Great Britain creates world's 1st speed limit law
  • Jul 5 US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department
  • Jul 13 Horace Greeley reputedly advises his readers to "Go west young man"
  • Jul 13 P T Barnum's museum burns down
  • Jul 14 Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.

Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok
  • Jul 22 V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancashire
  • Jul 26 Patrick Francis Healy is 1st African American awarded PhD (from University of Leuven, Belgium)
  • Jul 26 The capital of New Zealand moves from Auckland to Wellington
  • Jul 27 Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
  • Jul 30 Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
  • Jul 31 The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Lewis Carroll publishes "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"

Author and Mathematician Lewis Carroll
Author and Mathematician
Lewis Carroll
  • Aug 2 Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps & is lost
  • Aug 12 Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery
  • Aug 15 Battle of Lone Jack, Missouri
  • Aug 16 Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.
  • Aug 20 President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas
  • Aug 22 William Sheppard is issued the first US patent for liquid soap
  • Sep 3 Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
  • Sep 14 6th British Golf Open: Andrew Strath shoots a 162 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 19 Atlanta University founded
  • Sep 24 James Cooke walks tightrope from Cliff House to Seal Rocks, SF
  • Oct 8 Earthquake in Santa Cruz Mountains
  • Oct 9 First US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
  • Oct 10 John Hyatts patents the billard ball

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 11 President Andrew Johnson paroles Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Oct 11 Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • Oct 14 Cheyennes & Arapahos sign "peace treaty" then chased out Colorado
  • Nov 1 Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens
  • Nov 6 Maastricht-Venlo railway opens in Netherlands
  • Nov 6 American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.
  • Nov 11 Mary Edward Walker, the first US Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
  • Nov 11 Thomas Robertson's "Society" premieres in London
  • Nov 11 Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
  • Nov 13 PT Barnum's New American museum opens in Bridgeport
  • Nov 13 US issues 1st gold certificates

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 18 Mark Twain publishes "Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • Nov 21 Shaw University forms in Raleigh NC
  • Nov 26 "Alice in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll published in USA
  • Nov 26 Battle of Papudo: The Spanish navy engages a combined Peruvian-Chilean fleet north of Valparaiso, Chile.
  • Dec 5 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • Dec 6 13th Amendment of the United States Constitution is ratified, abolishing slavery

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Dec 17 Franz Schubert's "Unfinished Symphony" premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Dec 18 1st US cattle importation law passed
  • Dec 20 De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens
  • Dec 24 Several Confederate veterans form Ku Klux Klan in Pulaski, Tn
  • Dec 26 James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 155 of 155

  • Aug 2 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (d. 1955)
  • Aug 4 Gus Kempis, South African cricketer (d. 1890)
  • Aug 10 Alexander K Glazunov, St Petersburg Russia, composer (Chopiniana)
  • Aug 14 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (d. 1952)
  • Aug 15 Johan[nes] B Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga)
  • Aug 15 Usui Mikao, Japanese founder of Reiki (d. 1926)
  • Aug 20 Bernard Tancred, South African cricketer (d. 1911)
  • Aug 22 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • Aug 24 Ferdinand I VAM, king of Romania
  • Aug 27 Charles Gates Dawes, (R) 30th VP (1925-29, Nobel 1925)
  • Aug 27 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist (d. 1935)
  • Sep 3 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist/historian
  • Sep 8 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top)
  • Sep 9 Edwin Lehare, composer
  • Sep 11 Rainis, Latvian poet and playwright (d. 1929)
  • Sep 15 Henri [Lucien] Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie)
  • Sep 15 Nicolaus Adriani, linguist (Middle-Celebes languages)
  • Sep 20 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist
  • Sep 23 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • Sep 26 Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English pilot and ornithologist (d. 1937)
  • Oct 1 Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
  • Oct 3 Johannes IJWJ Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname)
  • Oct 4 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • Oct 10 Raffaele Merry del Val, Spanish cardinal
  • Oct 11 Hans E Kinck, Norwegian philological/writer (Mot Karnaval)
  • Oct 12 Arthur Harden, English chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1940)
  • Oct 15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist
  • Oct 17 James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • Oct 18 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • Oct 18 Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • Oct 19 Godfrey Cripps, cricketer (one Test South Africa v England 1892, 18 & 3)
  • Oct 22 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (d. 1943)
  • Oct 23 Neltje Blanchan, American writer (d. 1918)
  • Oct 26 Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (d. 1912)
  • Oct 27 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (d. 1958)
  • Nov 1 Monty Bowden, cricketer (England Test capt v South Africa at 23)
  • Nov 2 Warren Gamaliel Harding, Ohio, (R) 29th pres (1921-23)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 2 Warren G. Harding, 29th US President (1921-23), born in Blooming Grove, Ohio (d. 1923)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Nov 12 Frans L M "Sas" van Aerschot, Flemish operetta actor (Paljas)
  • Nov 17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins)
  • Nov 26 Earl Ross Drake, composer
  • Nov 27 Jose Asunción Silva, Colombia, poet (Nocturno III)
  • Dec 4 Edith Louisa Cavell, England, nurse (WW I)
  • Dec 8 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (Taylor series)
  • Dec 8 Jean Sibelius, Tavastehus Finland, composer (Valse Triste, Finlandia)
  • Dec 13 Gustav Luders, composer
  • Dec 16 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor
  • Dec 19 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • Dec 19 Minnie Maddern Fiske, actress (Henrik Ibsen's plays), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • Dec 19 Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
  • Dec 20 Maude Gonne, Irish nationalist (Irish Joan of Arc)
  • Dec 20 Elsie De Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (d. 1950)
  • Dec 25 Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general (1904-34)
  • Dec 28 Félix E Vallotton, Switz/French painter/writer (Chaste Suzanna)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 30 Rudyard Kipling, Bombay, author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907), (d. 1936)

Famous Weddings

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Famous Deaths

  • Please go to a prior page.