What Happened in December 1868

Historical Events

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Dec 2 1st British government of Benjamin Disraeli resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 3 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Dec 5 1st American bicycle college opens (NY)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 7 Jesse James gang robs bank in Gallatin Missouri, kills 1

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Dec 9 1st British government of Gladstone forms
  • Dec 9 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • Dec 15 Shogunate rebels found Ezo Republic in Hokkaidō.
  • Dec 25 Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 2 Francis Jammes, French poet/writer (Jammisme)
  • Dec 4 Richard N Roland Holst, Dutch artist/painter
  • Dec 4 Jesse Burkett, American baseball player (d. 1953)
  • Dec 5 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)
  • Dec 9 Fritz Haber, German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)
  • Dec 10 Louis Victor Saar, composer
  • Dec 11 Ernst Henrik Ellberg, composer
  • Dec 14 Richard Batka, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 20 Harvey Firestone, Columbiana Ohio, Industrialist and founder of Firestone Tire and Rubber Company ("where the rubber meets the road"), (d. 1938)

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Dec 22 John Nance Garner, Texas, (VP-D-1933-41)
  • Dec 24 Emanuel Lasker, Germany, world chess champion (1894-21)
  • Dec 25 Eugenie Besserer, Watertown NY, actress (Jazz Singer)
  • Dec 28 Marie van Regteren Altena, Dutch painter (Amsterdam's Joffers)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 6 August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)
  • Dec 13 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (b. 1794)
  • Dec 24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist (b. 1802)
  • Dec 25 Linus Yale, developer of cylinder lock, dies