What Happened in March 1868

Historical Events

  • 2nd University of Illinois opens
  • 4th 30th Grand National: Mr George Ede aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • 5th Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele" premieres in Milan
  • 5th Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 5th US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
  • 9th The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • 12th Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • 12th US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • 12th Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

13th Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 17th Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

20th Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 21st 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
  • 23rd University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • 24th Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • 27th The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • 31st Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China

Famous Birthdays

  • 3rd Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer
  • 5th Prosper Poullet, Belgian viscount/jurist/minister
  • 15th Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 20th Obe Postma, Frisian poet/geography/historian (Frisian Clay Farm)
  • 22nd Hamish MacCunn, composer
  • 22nd Henry W Methorst, lawyer/director (Dutch Cent Bureau of Statistics)

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

22nd Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923)

  • 23rd Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • 25th Bill Lockwood, cricketer (England all-rounder in 12 Tests 1893-1902)
  • 26th Fuad I, king of Egypt (1922-36)
  • 27th Patty Smith Hill, author/songwriter (Happy Birthday To You)
  • 28th Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter

Person-of-interestPerson of Interest

28th Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire, Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 28th Wojciech Gawronski, composer
  • 31st Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

Famous Deaths

  • 2nd Carl Eberwein, composer, dies at 81
  • 4th Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • 28th James Thomas Brudenell, 7th earl of Cardigan, dies at about 70