What Happened in March 1868

Historical Events

  • 2nd University of Illinois opens
  • 4th 30th Grand National: Mr George Ede aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • 5th Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele" premieres in Milan
  • 5th Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 5th US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
  • 9th The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • 12th Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • 12th US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • 12th Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

13th Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 17th Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

20th Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • 21st 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
  • 23rd University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • 24th Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • 27th The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • 31st Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China

Famous Birthdays

  • 3rd Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer
  • 5th Prosper Poullet, Belgian viscount/jurist/minister
  • 15th Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • 20th Obe Postma, Frisian poet/geography/historian (Frisian Clay Farm)
  • 22nd Hamish MacCunn, composer
  • 22nd Henry W Methorst, lawyer/director (Dutch Cent Bureau of Statistics)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

22nd Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923), born in Morrison, Illinois (d. 1953)

  • 23rd Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • 25th Bill Lockwood, cricketer (England all-rounder in 12 Tests 1893-1902)
  • 26th Fuad I, king of Egypt (1922-36)
  • 27th Patty Smith Hill, author/songwriter (Happy Birthday To You)
  • 28th Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

28th Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • 28th Wojciech Gawronski, composer
  • 31st Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

Famous Deaths

  • 2nd Carl Eberwein, composer, dies at 81
  • 4th Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • 28th James Thomas Brudenell, 7th earl of Cardigan, dies at about 70