What Happened in March 1868

Historical Events

  • Mar 2 University of Illinois opens
  • Mar 4 30th Grand National: Mr George Ede aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • Mar 5 Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 5 Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • Mar 5 US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 9 The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 12 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
  • Mar 12 US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
  • Mar 12 Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson's impeachment trial

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • Mar 17 Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 20 Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Mar 21 1st US professional women's club, Sorosis, forms in NYC
  • Mar 23 University of California founded (Oakland California)
  • Mar 24 Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • Mar 27 The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
  • Mar 31 Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 3 Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer
  • Mar 5 Prosper Poullet, Belgian viscount/jurist/minister
  • Mar 15 Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • Mar 20 Obe Postma, Frisian poet/geography/historian (Frisian Clay Farm)
  • Mar 22 Hamish MacCunn, composer
  • Mar 22 Henry W Methorst, lawyer/director (Dutch Cent Bureau of Statistics)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 22 Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923), born in Morrison, Illinois (d. 1953)

  • Mar 23 Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • Mar 25 Bill Lockwood, cricketer (England all-rounder in 12 Tests 1893-1902)
  • Mar 26 Fuad I, king of Egypt (1922-36)
  • Mar 27 Patty Smith Hill, author/songwriter (Happy Birthday To You)
  • Mar 28 Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 28 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • Mar 28 Wojciech Gawronski, composer
  • Mar 31 Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 2 Carl Eberwein, composer, dies at 81
  • Mar 4 Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • Mar 28 James Thomas Brudenell, 7th earl of Cardigan, dies at about 70