What Happened in 1869

Historical Events

  • Jan 13th Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
  • Jan 18th Elegant California Theater opens in SF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20th Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Feb 2nd James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • Feb 3rd Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
  • Feb 6th Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15th Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Feb 19th US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • Feb 20th Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
  • Feb 23rd Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • Feb 26th 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 26th Franz Schubert's Symphony number 4, "The Tragic", premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Feb 27th John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in the US Congress
  • Mar 1st Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
  • Mar 3rd University of South Carolina opens to all races
  • Mar 3rd 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4th Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Mar 6th Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
  • Mar 13th Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
  • Mar 14th Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
  • Mar 15th Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
  • Mar 15th Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16th Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • Apr 6th 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • Apr 8th American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • Apr 9th Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • Apr 10th Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • Apr 10th José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • Apr 12th North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13th Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Apr 16th Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • Apr 17th 1st pro baseball games-Cincinnati Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
  • Apr 18th 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
  • Apr 30th Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • May 1st Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • May 4th The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • May 10th Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
  • May 15th National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • May 16th Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
  • May 18th Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
  • May 26th Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
  • Jun 1st Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)
  • Jun 2nd Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cincinnati Red Stockings)
  • Jun 5th 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
  • Jun 8th Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
  • Jun 9th Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 10th 'Agnes'arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
  • Jun 15th Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
  • Jun 15th Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
  • Jun 28th Amsterdam typographer strike
  • Jul 1st Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
  • Jul 1st US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
  • Jul 6th Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
  • Jul 9th Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
  • Jul 15th Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19th Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • Jul 30th The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • Aug 1st 1st voyage down Colorado River
  • Aug 10th O B Brown patents moving picture projector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12th Self-proclaimed Emperor Joshua Abraham Norton of the USA issues edict abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • Aug 15th The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
  • Aug 16th Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • Aug 17th 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • Aug 23rd 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
  • Aug 24th Cornelius Swarthout patents stove-top waffle iron
  • Sep 6th 1st westbound train arrives in SF
  • Sep 6th Mine fire kills 110 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 10th Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
  • Sep 13th Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • Sep 16th 10th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Sep 22nd Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Sep 24th Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
  • Oct 1st 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • Oct 5th A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
  • Oct 6th John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
  • Oct 16th Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • Oct 18th Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo)
  • Oct 21st 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • Oct 26th 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
  • Nov 1st Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
  • Nov 3rd Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
  • Nov 6th 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
  • Nov 15th Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
  • Nov 17th Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen)
  • Nov 17th Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean & Red seas
  • Nov 23rd In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
  • Nov 24th American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
  • Dec 8th 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • Dec 8th Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
  • Dec 9th Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • Dec 10th Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
  • Dec 10th The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
  • Dec 18th Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
  • Dec 28th William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • Dec 30th Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 131

  • Jan 3rd Paul Charles Rene Landormy, composer
  • Jan 4th Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player (d. 1960)
  • Jan 13th Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
  • Jan 15th Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
  • Jan 18th Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
  • Jan 19th Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
  • Jan 22nd Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)
  • Jan 23rd Carlo Felice Boghen, composer
  • Jan 23rd Herbert David Croly, US author (Promise of American Life)
  • Jan 27th Will Marion Cook, composer
  • Jan 29th Andrey Vladimirovich Scherbachov, composer
  • Jan 31st Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
  • Feb 1st Johannes F "Frits" Bakker Sr, actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
  • Feb 7th Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • Feb 10th Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati, composer
  • Feb 11th Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
  • Feb 11th Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • Feb 12th Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
  • Feb 14th Charles Wilson, English physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel)
  • Feb 23rd Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • Feb 26th Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
  • Feb 27th Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
  • Mar 3rd Henry J Wood, English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
  • Mar 5th Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich
  • Mar 7th Ernst J Cohen, Dutch chemist
  • Mar 14th Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
  • Mar 15th Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 16th F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 18th [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 21st Albert Kahn, American architect (architect of Detroit), born in Rhaunen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Mar 21st Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 22nd Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901), born in Kawit, Cavite, Philippines (d. 1964)

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Mar 25th Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer
  • Mar 27th James McNeill, Irish politician (d. 1938)
  • Mar 29th Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
  • Mar 29th Edwin Lutyens, architect, London
  • Apr 1st Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • Apr 5th Albert Roussel, Tourcoing France, composer (Rapsodie Flamende)
  • Apr 5th Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
  • Apr 6th Louis Raemakers, Dutch draftsman/painter
  • Apr 7th David Grandison Fairchild, US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
  • Apr 8th Harvey Cushing, US, neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • Apr 11th Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
  • Apr 11th Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
  • Apr 12th Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer
  • Apr 17th Johannes M Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher
  • Apr 25th Karl Prohaska, composer
  • Apr 27th William Victor Harris, composer
  • Apr 30th Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
  • May 2nd Tyrone Power Sr, actor (Alexanders Ragtime Band), born in London, England
  • May 5th Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
  • May 6th Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/archivist
  • May 11th Francisco Lacerda, composer
  • May 18th Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
  • May 19th Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State
  • May 19th Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist who originated the cohesion-tension theory of water and mineral movement in plants, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jun 2nd Jack O'Connor, baseball player (d. 1937)
  • Jun 3rd Maria Radulphus, inspector on Curacao (Radulphus College)
  • Jun 4th Boudouin LPMCAJL, prince of Belgium/count of Vlaanderen
  • Jun 6th Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer/conductor
  • Jun 10th Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary/headed La Gazette
  • Jun 13th Ede Poldini, Hungarian composer (La poupée valsante), born in Pest (d. 1957)
  • Jun 22nd Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
  • Jun 26th Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
  • Jun 27th Emma Goldman, anarchist/publisher (Mother Earth)
  • Jun 27th Kate Carew, American caricaturist (d. 1961)
  • Jun 27th Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
  • Jul 1st William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
  • Jul 4th Karl Seitz, president of Austria
  • Jul 8th William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • Jul 14th Owen Wister, US, novelist (Virginian)
  • Jul 29th Booth Tarkington, US, novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons)
  • Aug 9th Randle Ayrton, Chester England, actor (Manxman)
  • Aug 10th Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Aug 14th Edvard Armas Jornefelt, Vyborg Finland, composer (Berceuse)
  • Aug 23rd Edgar Lee Masters, poet/novelist (Spoon River Anthology)
  • Aug 23rd James (Sunny Jim) Rolph, SF mayor (1912-31), MUNI backer
  • Aug 27th Karl Haushofer, soldier/geographer
  • Aug 31st Gregor MacGregor, English cricket wicketkeeper (8 Tests 1890-93) and Scottish rugby union player, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1919)
  • Sep 4th Geert A D Wumkes, Frisian theologist/writer (Frision Movement)
  • Sep 6th Felix Salten, [Siegmund Salzmann], Austria journalist (Bambi)
  • Sep 6th Walford Davies, composer
  • Sep 7th Margot SE Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje)
  • Sep 10th Caro Roma [Carrie Northey], composer and singer, born in California (d. 1937)
  • Sep 14th Kid Nichols, American baseball player (d. 1953)
  • Sep 17th Christian Lange, Norway, pacifist/internationalist (Nobel 1921)
  • Sep 20th George Robey, [George Edward Wade], comic
  • Sep 20th Marcel Cachin, co-founder (French Communistic Party)
  • Sep 21st Henryk Melcer-Szczawinski, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 23rd Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient best known as 'Typhoid Mary' and the first person in the United States known to be immune to typhoid, as a carrier of the disease she infected at least 51 people in the New York City area, born in Cookstown, County Tyrone, Ireland (d. 1938)

  • Sep 26th Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
  • Sep 30th Ernest Jones, cricket pace bowler (marvellous Aust at turn of century)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2nd Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 3rd Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion gymnast (d. 1942)
  • Oct 8th J Frank Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • Oct 9th Harry Lawrence Freeman, composer
  • Oct 11th Gordon Frederic Norton, composer
  • Oct 14th Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • Oct 23rd Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff, Dutch singer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23rd John Heisman, American pioneering football coach/trophy namesake, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach John Heisman
Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach
John Heisman

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 18th US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 3rd Composer Georges Bizet (30) weds Genevieve Halevy

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 7th Inventor Ferdinand von Zeppelin (31) weds Isabella Freiin von Wolff from the house of Alt-Schwanenburg

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 18th Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 28th Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1st Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
  • Jan 17th Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
  • Jan 26th Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
  • Jan 28th Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, composer, dies at 72
  • Jan 30th William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
  • Feb 1st Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68
  • Feb 4th Johan M Dautzenberg, Flemish author/novelist (Future), dies at 60
  • Feb 15th Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
  • Mar 1st Alphonse MLP de Lamartine, Fr poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
  • Mar 8th Louis Hector Berlioz, French composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
  • Mar 11th Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
  • Mar 19th Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (triangulatie), dies at 64
  • Mar 23rd Charles Lucas, composer, dies at 60
  • Mar 24th Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
  • Apr 1st Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard, Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
  • Apr 20th Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe, composer, dies at 72
  • Apr 20th Piotr Studzinski, composer, dies at 42
  • May 10th Wilhelm Bernhard Molique, composer, dies at 66
  • May 29th Philippe Vandermaelen, Flemish cartographer/publisher, dies at 73
  • Jun 15th Albert Grisar, composer, dies at 60
  • Jun 16th Charles Sturt, English explorer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 20th Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
  • Jul 15th A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK
  • Jul 22nd John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
  • Jul 28th Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies
  • Jul 28th Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
  • Aug 2nd Alexandrine Tinne, Dutch explorer/photographer, murdered at 30+
  • Aug 26th Henri Leys, Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • Aug 31st Mary Ward, Irish scientist, first automobile accident victim (b. 1827)
  • Sep 17th Peter M Roget, England, lexographer (Roget's Thesaurus), dies
  • Sep 28th Libri, mathematician, dies
  • Oct 8th Franklin Peirce, 14th president (1853-1857), dies in Concord NH at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 8th Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), dies at 64

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Oct 13th Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Fren writer (Tableau Historique), dies
  • Oct 22nd Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • Oct 23rd Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer, dies at 72
  • Oct 24th Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
  • Nov 3rd Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
  • Nov 4th George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
  • Nov 12th Gheorghe Asachi, author/humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia), dies
  • Nov 16th Hamiora Pere is hanged for treason at the Terrace Gaol, Wellington - only New Zealander ever to be executed for treason
  • Dec 6th Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/author (People's Welfare), dies at 54
  • Dec 18th Louis Moreau Gottschalk, composer, dies at 40
  • Dec 24th Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
  • Dec 26th Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille, French physiologist (b. 1797)