Today in History for Year 1869

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Months in Year 1869: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 95 of 95

Jan 13th - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
Jan 18th - Elegant California Theater opens in SF
Jan 20th - Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress
Feb 2nd - James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
Feb 3rd - Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
Feb 6th - Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers
Feb 15th - Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
Feb 19th - US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
Feb 20th - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
Feb 23rd - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
Feb 26th - 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify
Feb 26th - Franz Schubert's Symphony number 4, "The Tragic", premieres
Feb 27th - John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in the US Congress
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert Mar 1st - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
Mar 3rd - University of South Carolina opens to all races
Mar 3rd - 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins
Mar 4th - Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President
Mar 6th - Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
Mar 13th - Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
Mar 14th - Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
Mar 15th - Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
Mar 16th - Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate
Apr 6th - 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels Apr 8th - American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
Apr 9th - Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
Apr 10th - Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
Apr 10th - José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
Apr 12th - North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
Apr 13th - Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
Apr 16th - Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
Apr 17th - 1st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
Apr 18th - 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
Apr 30th - Hawaiian YMCA organized
May 1st - Folies Bergère opens in Paris
May 4th - The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
May 10th - Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
May 15th - National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady StantonWomen's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton May 16th - Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
May 18th - Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
May 26th - Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
Jun 1st - Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)
Jun 2nd - Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cin Red Stockings)
Jun 5th - 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
Jun 8th - Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
Jun 9th - Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Phila)
Jun 10th - 'Agnes'arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
Jun 15th - Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
Jun 15th - Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
Jun 28th - Amsterdam typographer strike
Jul 1st - Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
Jul 1st - US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
Jul 6th - Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
Jul 9th - Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
Jul 15th - Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel Jul 19th - Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion
Jul 30th - The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
Aug 1st - 1st voyage down Colorado River
Aug 10th - O B Brown patents moving picture projector
Aug 12th - Self-proclaimed Emperor, Emperor Norton of the USA issues edit abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties
Aug 15th - The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
Aug 16th - Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
Emperor of the USA Emperor NortonEmperor of the USA Emperor Norton Aug 17th - 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
Aug 23rd - 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
Aug 24th - Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
Sep 6th - 1st westbound train arrives in SF
Sep 6th - Mine fire kills 110 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
Sep 10th - Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
Sep 13th - Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
Sep 16th - 10th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
Sep 22nd - Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich
Sep 24th - Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
Oct 1st - 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
Oct 5th - A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
Composer Richard WagnerComposer Richard Wagner Oct 6th - John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
Oct 16th - Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
Oct 18th - Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund," premieres in Christiania (Oslo)
Oct 21st - 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
Oct 26th - 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
Nov 1st - Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
Nov 3rd - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
Nov 6th - 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
Nov 15th - Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
Nov 17th - Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race (13K Paris-Rouen)
Nov 17th - Suez Canal (Egypt) opens, links Mediterranean & Red seas
Nov 23rd - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
Nov 24th - American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
Dec 8th - 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
Dec 8th - Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
Dec 9th - Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
Dec 10th - Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
Dec 10th - The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
Dec 18th - Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
Dec 28th - William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
Dec 30th - Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 131

Jan 3rd - Paul Charles Rene Landormy, composer
Jan 4th - Percy Pitt, composer
Jan 4th - Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player (d. 1960)
Jan 13th - Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
Jan 15th - Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
Jan 18th - Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
Jan 19th - Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
Jan 22nd - Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)
Jan 23rd - Carlo Felice Boghen, composer
Jan 23rd - Herbert David Croly, US author (Promise of American Life)
Jan 27th - Will Marion Cook, composer
Jan 29th - Andrey Vladimirovich Scherbachov, composer
Jan 31st - Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
Feb 1st - Johannes F "Frits" Bakker Sr, actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
Feb 7th - Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
Feb 10th - Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati, composer
Feb 11th - Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
Feb 11th - Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
Feb 12th - Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
Feb 14th - Charles Wilson, English physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel)
Feb 23rd - Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
Feb 26th - Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
Feb 27th - Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
Mar 3rd - Henry J Wood, English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
Mar 5th - Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich
Mar 7th - Ernst J Cohen, Dutch chemist
Mar 14th - Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
Mar 15th - Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
Mar 16th - F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (Mar 18th) Mar 18th - [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England
Mar 21st - Albert Kahn, Rhaunen Prussia, American architect (architect of Detroit)
Mar 21st - Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)
Mar 22nd - Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901) (d. 1964)
Mar 25th - Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer
Mar 27th - James McNeill, Irish politician (d. 1938)
Mar 29th - Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
Mar 29th - Edwin Lutyens, architect, London
Apr 1st - Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
Apr 5th - Albert Roussel, Tourcoing France, composer (Rapsodie Flamende)
Apr 5th - Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
Revolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio AguinaldoRevolutionary General and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo (Mar 22nd) Apr 6th - Louis Raemakers, Dutch draftsman/painter
Apr 7th - David Grandison Fairchild, US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
Apr 8th - Harvey Cushing, US, neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
Apr 11th - Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
Apr 11th - Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
Apr 12th - Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer
Apr 17th - Johannes M Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher
Apr 25th - Karl Prohaska, composer
Apr 27th - William Victor Harris, composer
Apr 30th - Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
May 2nd - Tyrone Power Sr, actor (Alexanders Ragtime Band), born in London, England
May 5th - Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
May 6th - Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/archivist
May 11th - Francisco Lacerda, composer
May 18th - Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
May 19th - Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State
May 19th - Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist who originated the cohesion-tension theory of water and mineral movement in plants, born in Dublin, Ireland
Jun 2nd - Jack O'Connor, baseball player (d. 1937)
Jun 3rd - Maria Radulphus, inspector on Curacao (Radulphus College)
Jun 4th - Boudouin LPMCAJL, prince of Belgium/count of Vlaanderen
Jun 6th - Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer/conductor
Jun 10th - Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary/headed La Gazette
Jun 13th - Ede Poldini, composer
Jun 22nd - Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
Jun 26th - Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
Jun 27th - Emma Goldman, anarchist/publisher (Mother Earth)
Jun 27th - Kate Carew, American caricaturist (d. 1961)
Jun 27th - Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
Jul 1st - William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
Jul 4th - Karl Seitz, president of Austria
Jul 8th - William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
Jul 14th - Owen Wister, US, novelist (Virginian)
Jul 29th - Booth Tarkington, US, novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons)
Aug 9th - Randle Ayrton, Chester England, actor (Manxman)
Aug 10th - Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
Aug 14th - Edvard Armas Jornefelt, Vyborg Finland, composer (Berceuse)
Aug 23rd - Edgar Lee Masters, poet/novelist (Spoon River Anthology)
Aug 23rd - James (Sunny Jim) Rolph, SF mayor (1912-31), MUNI backer
Aug 27th - Karl Haushofer, soldier/geographer
Sep 4th - Geert A D Wumkes, Frisian theologist/writer (Frision Movement)
Sep 6th - Felix Salten, [Siegmund Salzmann], Austria journalist (Bambi)
Sep 6th - Walford Davies, composer
Sep 7th - Margot SE Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje)
Sep 10th - Caro Roma, composer
Sep 14th - Kid Nichols, American baseball player (d. 1953)
Sep 17th - Christian Lange, Norway, pacifist/internationalist (Nobel 1921)
Sep 20th - George Robey, [George Edward Wade], comic
Sep 20th - Marcel Cachin, co-founder (French Communistic Party)
Sep 21st - Henryk Melcer-Szczawinski, composer
Cook Typhoid MaryCook Typhoid Mary (Sep 23rd) Sep 23rd - Mary Mallon, Cookstown County Tyrone, Irish-American patient best known as 'Typhoid Mary' and the first person in the United States known to be immune to typhoid, as a carrier of the disease she infected at least 51 people in the New York City area
Sep 26th - Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
Sep 30th - Ernest Jones, cricket pace bowler (marvellous Aust at turn of century)
Oct 2nd - Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Porbandar Kathiawad India, pacifist and spiritual leader, (d. 1948)
Oct 3rd - Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion gymnast (d. 1942)
Oct 8th - J Frank Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
Oct 9th - Harry Lawrence Freeman, composer
Oct 11th - Gordon Frederic Norton, composer
Oct 14th - Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi (Oct 2nd) Oct 23rd - Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff, Dutch singer
Oct 23rd - John Heisman, American pioneering football coach/trophy namesake, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Abolitionist Harriet TubmanAbolitionist Harriet Tubman (Mar 18th) Mar 18th - US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY
Jun 3rd - Composer Georges Bizet (30) weds Genevieve Halevy
Aug 7th - Inventor Ferdinand von Zeppelin (31) weds Isabella Freiin von Wolff from the house of Alt-Schwanenburg
Oct 18th - Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy
Oct 28th - Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 45 of 45

Jan 1st - Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
Jan 17th - Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
Jan 26th - Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
Jan 28th - Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, composer, dies at 72
Jan 30th - William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
Feb 1st - Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68
Feb 4th - Johan M Dautzenberg, Flemish author/novelist (Future), dies at 60
Feb 15th - Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
Mar 1st - Alphonse MLP de Lamartine, Fr poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
Mar 8th - Louis Hector Berlioz, French composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
Mar 11th - Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
Mar 19th - Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (triangulatie), dies at 64
Mar 23rd - Charles Lucas, composer, dies at 60
Mar 24th - Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
Apr 1st - Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard, Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
Apr 20th - Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe, composer, dies at 72
Apr 20th - Piotr Studzinski, composer, dies at 42
May 10th - Wilhelm Bernhard Molique, composer, dies at 66
May 29th - Philippe Vandermaelen, Flemish cartographer/publisher, dies at 73
Jun 15th - Albert Grisar, composer, dies at 60
Jun 16th - Charles Sturt, English explorer (b. 1795)
Jun 20th - Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
Jul 15th - A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK
Jul 22nd - John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
Jul 28th - Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies
Jul 28th - Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
Aug 2nd - Alexandrine Tinne, Dutch explorer/photographer, murdered at 30+
Aug 26th - Henri Leys, Flemish painter, dies at 54
Aug 31st - Mary Ward, Irish scientist, first automobile accident victim (b. 1827)
Sep 17th - Peter M Roget, England, lexographer (Roget's Thesaurus), dies
Sep 28th - Libri, mathematician, dies
Oct 8th - Franklin Peirce, 14th president (1853-1857), dies in Concord NH at 64
14th US President Franklin Pierce14th US President Franklin Pierce (Oct 8th) Oct 8th - Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States, dies at 64
Oct 13th - Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Fren writer (Tableau Historique), dies
Oct 22nd - Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
Oct 23rd - Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer, dies at 72
Oct 24th - Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
Nov 3rd - Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
Nov 4th - George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
Nov 12th - Gheorghe Asachi, author/humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia), dies
Nov 16th - Hamiora Pere is hanged for treason at the Terrace Gaol, Wellington - only New Zealander ever to be executed for treason
Dec 6th - Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/author (People's Welfare), dies at 54
Dec 18th - Louis Moreau Gottschalk, composer, dies at 40
Dec 24th - Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
Dec 26th - Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille, French physiologist (b. 1797)

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