What Happened in 1869

Historical Events

  • Jan 13 Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 18 Elegant California Theater opens in SF

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 20 Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before US Congress

Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Women's Rights Activist
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Feb 2 James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • Feb 3 Booth Theater at 23rd & 6th opens in NYC (Romeo & Juliet)
  • Feb 6 Harper's Weekly publishes 1st picture of Uncle Sam with chin whiskers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 15 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Feb 19 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • Feb 20 Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
  • Feb 23 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • Feb 26 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states to ratify

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Feb 26 Franz Schubert's Symphony number 4, "The Tragic", premieres

Composer Franz Schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Feb 27 John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in the US Congress
  • Mar 1 Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
  • Mar 3 University of South Carolina opens to all races
  • Mar 3 31st Grand National: George Stevens aboard The Colonel wins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 4 Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th US President

US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant
US President & Union General
Ulysses S. Grant
  • Mar 6 Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.
  • Mar 13 Arkansas legislature passes anti-Ku Klux Klan law
  • Mar 14 Defeat of Maori leader Titokowaru in New Zealand.
  • Mar 15 Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
  • Mar 15 Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 16 Hiram R. Revels makes 1st official speech by an African American in the Senate

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
  • Apr 6 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • Apr 8 American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • Apr 9 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • Apr 10 Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • Apr 10 José Martí founds the Cuban Revolutionary Party.
  • Apr 12 North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 13 Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

Entrepreneur and Engineer George Westinghouse
Entrepreneur and Engineer
George Westinghouse
  • Apr 16 Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • Apr 17 1st pro baseball games-Cincinnati Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
  • Apr 18 1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian
  • Apr 30 Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • May 1 Folies Bergère opens in Paris
  • May 4 The Naval Battle of Hakodate takes place in Japan.
  • May 10 Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
  • May 15 National Woman Suffrage Association forms in New York, founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • May 16 Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7
  • May 18 Surrender and dissolution of the Ezo Republic to Japan.
  • May 26 Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.
  • Jun 1 Voting machine patented (Thomas A Edison)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 1 Thomas Edison granted his first patent for an electric vote machine (U.S. Patent 90,646)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Jun 2 Cleveland's Forest City play their 1st game (vs Cincinnati Red Stockings)
  • Jun 5 3rd Belmont: C Miller aboard Fenian wins in 3:04.25
  • Jun 8 Ives W McGaffey of Chicago patents 1st vacuum cleaner
  • Jun 9 Charles Elmer Hires sells his 1st root beer (Philadelphia)
  • Jun 10 'Agnes'arrives in New Orleans with 1st ever shipment of frozen beef
  • Jun 15 Celluloid patented by John Wesley Hyatt, Albany, NY
  • Jun 15 Mike McCoole (US) defeats Tom Allen (England) in bare-knuckle bout
  • Jun 28 Amsterdam typographer strike
  • Jul 1 Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
  • Jul 1 US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
  • Jul 6 Black candidate for lt governor of Va, Dr J H Harris, defeated
  • Jul 9 Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
  • Jul 15 Margarine is patented by Hippolye Méga-Mouriès for use by French Navy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 19 Louis Riel speaks at a meeting of Metis residents about rights, setting in motion the events now referred to as the Red River Rebellion

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • Jul 30 The Charles, considered the world’s first "oil tanker", departs from the United States headed for Europe with a bulk capacity of 7,000 barrels of oil
  • Aug 1 1st voyage down Colorado River
  • Aug 10 O B Brown patents moving picture projector

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Self-proclaimed Emperor Joshua Abraham Norton of the USA issues edict abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • Aug 15 The Meiji government in Japan establishes six new ministries, including one for Shinto.
  • Aug 16 Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • Aug 17 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • Aug 23 1st carload of freight (boots & shoes) arrives in SF, from Boston
  • Aug 24 Cornelius Swarthout patents stove-top waffle iron
  • Sep 6 1st westbound train arrives in SF
  • Sep 6 Mine fire kills 110 at Avondale, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 10 Baptist minister supposedly invents rickshaw in Yokohama, Japan
  • Sep 13 Jay Gould & James Fisk attempt to control US gold market
  • Sep 16 10th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Sep 22 Richard Wagner's opera "Rhine Gold" premieres in Munich

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner
  • Sep 24 Black Friday; Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold
  • Oct 1 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • Oct 5 A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
  • Oct 6 John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
  • Oct 16 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • Oct 18 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway
  • Oct 21 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • Oct 26 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
  • Nov 1 Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
  • Nov 3 Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club forms
  • Nov 6 1st intercollegiate football (soccer) game (Rutgers 6, Princeton 4)
  • Nov 15 Free postal delivery formally inaugurated
  • Nov 17 Englishman James Moore wins 1st bicycle race, racing 13K Paris to Rouen
  • Nov 17 Suez Canal in Egypt opens, linking Mediterranean and Red seas
  • Nov 23 In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever built, and the only one still surviving
  • Nov 24 American Woman's Suffrage Association forms (Cleveland)
  • Dec 8 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • Dec 8 Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.
  • Dec 9 Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • Dec 10 Women suffrage (right to vote) granted in Wyoming Territory (US 1st)
  • Dec 10 The first American chapter of Kappa Sigma is founded at the University of Virginia.
  • Dec 18 Canada's Hamilton Foot Ball Club plays its 1st game
  • Dec 28 William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • Dec 30 Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 131

  • Jan 3 Paul Charles Rene Landormy, composer
  • Jan 4 Tommy Corcoran, American baseball player (d. 1960)
  • Jan 13 Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WW I)/fascist
  • Jan 15 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist (d. 1907)
  • Jan 18 Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
  • Jan 19 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)
  • Jan 22 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II (d. 1916)
  • Jan 23 Carlo Felice Boghen, composer
  • Jan 23 Herbert David Croly, US author (Promise of American Life)
  • Jan 27 Will Marion Cook, composer
  • Jan 29 Andrey Vladimirovich Scherbachov, composer
  • Jan 31 Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
  • Feb 1 Johannes F "Frits" Bakker Sr, actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
  • Feb 7 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • Feb 10 Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati, composer
  • Feb 11 Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
  • Feb 11 Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • Feb 12 Hendrik P Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
  • Feb 14 Charles Wilson, English physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel)
  • Feb 23 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • Feb 26 Nadezjda K Krupskaja, Russian revolutionary/wife of Lenin
  • Feb 27 Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
  • Mar 3 Henry J Wood, English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
  • Mar 5 Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich
  • Mar 7 Ernst J. Cohen, Dutch chemist
  • Mar 14 Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
  • Mar 15 Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 16 F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 18 [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 21 Albert Kahn, American architect (architect of Detroit), born in Rhaunen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Mar 21 Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 22 Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901), born in Kawit, Cavite, Philippines (d. 1964)

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Mar 25 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer
  • Mar 27 James McNeill, Irish politician (d. 1938)
  • Mar 29 Ales Hrdlicka, US, anthropologist/curator (US National Museum)
  • Mar 29 Edwin Lutyens, architect, London
  • Apr 1 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • Apr 5 Albert Roussel, Tourcoing France, composer (Rapsodie Flamende)
  • Apr 5 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
  • Apr 6 Louis Raemakers, Dutch draftsman/painter
  • Apr 7 David Grandison Fairchild, US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
  • Apr 8 Harvey Cushing, US, neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • Apr 11 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mohandas Gandhi (d. 1944)
  • Apr 11 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor (d. 1943)
  • Apr 12 Henri-Desire Landru, French sex murderer
  • Apr 17 Johannes M Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher
  • Apr 25 Karl Prohaska, composer
  • Apr 27 William Victor Harris, composer
  • Apr 30 Hans Poelzig, German architect (d. 1936)
  • May 2 Tyrone Power Sr, actor (Alexanders Ragtime Band), born in London, England
  • May 5 Hans Pfitzner, Russian-born composer (d. 1949)
  • May 6 Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/archivist
  • May 11 Francisco Lacerda, composer
  • May 18 Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
  • May 19 Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State
  • May 19 Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist who originated the cohesion-tension theory of water and mineral movement in plants, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jun 2 Jack O'Connor, baseball player (d. 1937)
  • Jun 3 Maria Radulphus, inspector on Curacao (Radulphus College)
  • Jun 4 Boudouin LPMCAJL, prince of Belgium/count of Vlaanderen
  • Jun 6 Siegfried Wagner, German opera composer/conductor
  • Jun 10 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary/headed La Gazette
  • Jun 13 Ede Poldini, Hungarian composer (La poupée valsante), born in Pest (d. 1957)
  • Jun 22 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
  • Jun 26 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (d. 1954)
  • Jun 27 Emma Goldman, anarchist/publisher (Mother Earth)
  • Jun 27 Kate Carew, American caricaturist (d. 1961)
  • Jun 27 Hans Spemann, German embryologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1941)
  • Jul 1 William Strunk Jr., American grammarian (d. 1946)
  • Jul 4 Karl Seitz, president of Austria
  • Jul 8 William V Moody, US poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • Jul 14 Owen Wister, US, novelist (Virginian)
  • Jul 29 Booth Tarkington, US, novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons)
  • Aug 9 Randle Ayrton, Chester England, actor (Manxman)
  • Aug 10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Aug 14 Edvard Armas Jornefelt, Vyborg Finland, composer (Berceuse)
  • Aug 23 Edgar Lee Masters, poet/novelist (Spoon River Anthology)
  • Aug 23 James (Sunny Jim) Rolph, SF mayor (1912-31), MUNI backer
  • Aug 27 Karl Haushofer, soldier/geographer
  • Aug 31 Gregor MacGregor, English cricket wicketkeeper (8 Tests 1890-93) and Scottish rugby union player, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1919)
  • Sep 4 Geert A D Wumkes, Frisian theologist/writer (Frision Movement)
  • Sep 6 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • Sep 6 Walford Davies, composer
  • Sep 7 Margot SE Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje)
  • Sep 10 Caro Roma [Carrie Northey], composer and singer, born in California (d. 1937)
  • Sep 14 Kid Nichols, American baseball player (d. 1953)
  • Sep 17 Christian Lange, Norway, pacifist/internationalist (Nobel 1921)
  • Sep 20 George Robey, [George Edward Wade], comic
  • Sep 20 Marcel Cachin, co-founder (French Communistic Party)
  • Sep 21 Henryk Melcer-Szczawinski, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 23 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient ('Typhoid Mary') 1st person in the US known to be immune to typhoid, and carrier of the disease (infected at least 51 people in New York City), born in Cookstown, Ireland (d. 1938)

  • Sep 26 Komitas, Armenian composer (d. 1935)
  • Sep 30 Ernest Jones, cricket pace bowler (marvellous Aust at turn of century)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 3 Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion gymnast (d. 1942)
  • Oct 8 J Frank Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • Oct 9 Harry Lawrence Freeman, composer
  • Oct 11 Frederic Norton, English composer (Chu Chin Chow), born in Broughton-in-Salford (d. 1946)
  • Oct 14 Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • Oct 23 Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff, Dutch singer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 John Heisman, American pioneering football coach/trophy namesake, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach John Heisman
Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach
John Heisman

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 18 US Abolitionist Harriet Tubman marries civil war veteran Nelson Davis in Auburn NY

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Harriet Tubman

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 3 Composer Georges Bizet (30) weds Genevieve Halevy

Composer Georges Bizet
Georges Bizet

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 7 Inventor Ferdinand von Zeppelin (31) weds Isabella Freiin von Wolff from the house of Alt-Schwanenburg

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 18 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 28 Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 1 Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
  • Jan 17 Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky, composer, dies at 55
  • Jan 26 Duncan Gordon Boyes, English recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1846)
  • Jan 28 Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley, composer, dies at 72
  • Jan 30 William Carleton, Irish novelist (b. 1794)
  • Feb 1 Frederik W Conrad, hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer, dies at 68
  • Feb 4 Johan M Dautzenberg, Flemish author/novelist (Future), dies at 60
  • Feb 15 Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
  • Mar 1 Alphonse MLP de Lamartine, Fr poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
  • Mar 8 Louis Hector Berlioz, French composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
  • Mar 11 Vladimir Odoevsky, Russian philosopher (b. 1803)
  • Mar 19 Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (triangulatie), dies at 64
  • Mar 23 Charles Lucas, composer, dies at 60
  • Mar 24 Antoine-Henri Jomini, French general (b. 1779)
  • Apr 1 Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard, Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
  • Apr 20 Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe, composer, dies at 72
  • Apr 20 Piotr Studzinski, composer, dies at 42
  • May 10 Wilhelm Bernhard Molique, composer, dies at 66
  • May 29 Philippe Vandermaelen, Flemish cartographer/publisher, dies at 73
  • Jun 15 Albert Grisar, composer, dies at 60
  • Jun 16 Charles Sturt, English explorer (b. 1795)
  • Jun 20 Toshizou Hijikata, Shinsengumi vice-commander (b. 1835)
  • Jul 15 A J Haynes, US army captain and civil war veteren, assassinated by KKK
  • Jul 22 John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
  • Jul 28 Carl G Carus, German arts/psychologist/philosopher, dies
  • Jul 28 Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
  • Aug 2 Alexandrine Tinne, Dutch explorer/photographer, murdered at 30+
  • Aug 26 Henri Leys, Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • Aug 31 Mary Ward, Irish scientist, first automobile accident victim (b. 1827)
  • Sep 17 Peter M Roget, England, lexographer (Roget's Thesaurus), dies
  • Sep 28 Libri, mathematician, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 8 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), dies at 64

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Oct 13 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Fren writer (Tableau Historique), dies
  • Oct 22 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • Oct 23 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer, dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), dies at 70

British Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley
British Prime Minister
Edward Smith-Stanley
  • Oct 24 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83
  • Nov 3 Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
  • Nov 4 George Peabody, American-British entrepreneur and philanthropist who founded the Peabody Trust and the Peabody Institute, dies at 74
  • Nov 12 Gheorghe Asachi, author/humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia), dies
  • Nov 16 Hamiora Pere is hanged for treason at the Terrace Gaol, Wellington - only New Zealander ever to be executed for treason
  • Dec 6 Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/author (People's Welfare), dies at 54
  • Dec 18 Louis Moreau Gottschalk, composer, dies at 40
  • Dec 24 Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55
  • Dec 26 Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille, French physiologist (b. 1797)