What Happened in October 1869

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 1st postcards are issued (Vienna, Austria)
  • Oct 5 A strong hurricane devastates the Bay of Fundy region of Maritime Canada. The storm had been predicted over a year before by a British naval officer.
  • Oct 6 John Brahms' "Liebeslieder Walzer" premieres
  • Oct 16 Hotel in Boston becomes 1st to have indoor plumbing
  • Oct 18 Henrik Ibsen's "De Unges Forbund" premieres in Christiania (Oslo), Norway
  • Oct 21 1st shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
  • Oct 26 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)

Famous Birthdays


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian pacifist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 3 Alfred Flatow, German Olympic champion gymnast (d. 1942)
  • Oct 8 J Frank Duryea, inventor (1st auto built & operated in US)
  • Oct 9 Harry Lawrence Freeman, composer
  • Oct 11 Frederic Norton, English composer (Chu Chin Chow), born in Broughton-in-Salford (d. 1946)
  • Oct 14 Joseph Duveen, England, art connoisseur (Elgin marbles)
  • Oct 23 Jacobus H "Koos" Speenhoff, Dutch singer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 John Heisman, American pioneering football coach/trophy namesake, born in Cleveland, Ohio

Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach John Heisman
Football, Baseball & Basketball Player & Coach
John Heisman
  • Oct 25 August Otto Halm, composer
  • Oct 26 Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
  • Oct 30 Lawrence Grant, actor (Bulldog Drummond), born in Bournemouth, England

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 18 Sardinia king Victor Emmanuel II (49) weds his mistress Rosa Vercellana (36) in Italy

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 28 Sarawak's head of state Charles Brooke (40) weds Margaret Alice Lili de Windt (20) at Highworth, Wiltshire

2nd White Rajah of Sarawak Charles Brooke
2nd White Rajah of Sarawak
Charles Brooke

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 8 Franklin Pierce, 14th US President (Democrat: 1853-57), dies at 64

14th US President Franklin Pierce
14th US President
Franklin Pierce
  • Oct 13 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Fren writer (Tableau Historique), dies
  • Oct 22 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • Oct 23 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque, Belgian composer, dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1852, 1858-59, 1866-68), dies at 70

British Prime Minister Edward Smith-Stanley
British Prime Minister
Edward Smith-Stanley
  • Oct 24 Joseph Jackson Lister, British optician who perfected the optical microscope by designing the achromatic objective lens, dies at 83