What Happened in 1870

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 122

  • Jan 3 Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
  • Jan 6 The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
  • Jan 8 US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
  • Jan 10 Georgia legislature reconvenes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 10 John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • Jan 15 Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
  • Jan 16 Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • Jan 20 "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Jan 20 Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis as US Senator for Mississippi

Minister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels
Minister and US Senator
Hiram R. Revels
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • Jan 23 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
  • Jan 25 Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • Jan 26 US Congress authorises Virginia to rejoin the union
  • Jan 27 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • Jan 27 After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
  • Jan 27 Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
  • Feb 2 Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • Feb 3 US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
  • Feb 5 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
  • Feb 9 US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • Feb 10 City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
  • Feb 10 YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (NYC)
  • Feb 12 Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • Feb 15 Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
  • Feb 17 Esther Morris appointed first female in Justice of the Peace in the United States
  • Feb 17 Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • Feb 23 Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • Feb 25 Hiram R. Revels is sworn in as 1st African American member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • Feb 26 Beach Pneumatic Transit - 1st attempt to demonstrate a subway in New York opens (pneumatic powered)
  • Feb 28 The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.


Mar 4 On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Métis must be taken seriously

Politician Louis Riel
Louis Riel
  • Mar 7 Cincinnati Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
  • Mar 14 California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • Mar 17 Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
  • Mar 18 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
  • Mar 19 The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
  • Mar 30 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
  • Mar 30 Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
  • Mar 30 Florida territorial government established.
  • Mar 31 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
  • Apr 4 Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
  • Apr 9 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • Apr 13 Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
  • Apr 15 Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
  • Apr 16 Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
  • May 10 Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch
  • May 12 Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
  • May 20 Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands
  • May 24 Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
  • May 25 Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
  • May 31 Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
  • May 31 E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
  • Jun 4 4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59.5
  • Jun 5 Constantinople fire; 900 die
  • Jun 9 Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
  • Jun 11 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam
  • Jun 14 All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
  • Jun 22 1st Boardwalk in America invented
  • Jun 22 US Congress creates Department of Justice
  • Jun 25 Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
  • Jun 26 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
  • Jun 26 Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
  • Jun 26 The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
  • Jun 30 Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
  • Jul 1 James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
  • Jul 2 Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.
  • Jul 8 US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
  • Jul 8 Governor Holden of North Carolina declares Casswell County to be in a state of insurrection

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 13 King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 14 The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Jul 15 Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
  • Jul 15 Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created
  • Jul 15 Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • Jul 18 Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
  • Jul 19 France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
  • Jul 23 Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
  • Jul 24 1st trans-US rail service begins
  • Jul 30 Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
  • Jul 30 The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
  • Aug 1 Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland.
  • Aug 2 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.
  • Aug 4 British Red Cross Society forms
  • Aug 6 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • Aug 6 White conservatives capture the Tennessee legislature by suppressing the black vote
  • Aug 8 Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
  • Aug 8 The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • Aug 15 Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • Aug 16 Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion
  • Aug 17 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
  • Aug 17 Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)
  • Aug 18 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • Aug 24 The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
  • Sep 1 Napoleon III captured at Sedan
  • Sep 2 Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
  • Sep 4 The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
  • Sep 6 Ship sinks in Gulf of Biscay; 483 die
  • Sep 8 Netherlands & Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
  • Sep 10 Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
  • Sep 15 Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
  • Sep 15 11th British Golf Open: Tom Morris, Jr. shoots a 149 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Sep 19 Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 149

  • Jan 2 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, born in Wedel (d. 1938)
  • Jan 3 Henry Eichheim, composer
  • Jan 3 Henry Handel Richardson, Australia, novelist (Richard Mahoney)
  • Jan 4 Percy Pitt, English composer (BBC), born in London (d. 1932)
  • Jan 6 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1944)
  • Jan 7 Lord Gordon Hewart, British judge (d. 1943)
  • Jan 8 Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja, dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • Jan 9 Joseph B Strauss, civil engineer/builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • Jan 11 Alexander Stirling Calder, American sculptor (d. 1945)
  • Jan 13 Henryk Opienski, Polish composer/conductor (St Moniuszko)
  • Jan 13 Ross Granville Harrison, American biologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Sir George Pearce, Australian politician (d. 1952)
  • Jan 15 Johan Peter Koch, Danish officer/explorer (Greenland)
  • Jan 15 Pierre S. du Pont, American businessman (d. 1954)
  • Jan 16 Wilhelm Normann, German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • Jan 18 Berend Modderman, printer (Drukkers yearbook)
  • Jan 20 Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu, composer
  • Jan 22 Charles Arnold Tournemire, composer
  • Feb 3 Ada Negri, Italian poet/author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • Feb 7 Alfred Adler, Austria, psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • Feb 10 Fritz Klimsch, German sculptor/painter
  • Feb 12 Marie Lloyd, English music-hall performer (d. 1922)
  • Feb 13 Leopold Godowsky, Lithuania, virtuoso pianist/composer
  • Feb 17 Louis de Raet, Belgian economist/founder (Flemish People's Party)
  • Feb 18 William Laurel Harris, American mural painter, writer (d. 1924)
  • Feb 20 Pieter Cornelis Boutens, Holland, mystic poet/scholar (Verzen)
  • Feb 27 Louis Coerne, composer
  • Mar 4 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (d. 1944)
  • Mar 5 Frank Norris, journalist and writer (McTeague, Octopus), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1902)
  • Mar 6 Oscar Straus, composer (Ein Walzertraum), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Mar 10 Alfred Kastner, composer
  • Mar 11 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician (d. 1946)
  • Mar 13 Albert Meyer, member of the Swiss Federal Council in the 1930s (d. 1953)
  • Mar 17 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (d. 1951)
  • Mar 20 Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general/politician (East Africa)
  • Apr 4 George A Smith, Salt Lake City Utah, 8th President of Mormon church
  • Apr 7 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • Apr 7 Joseph Ryeland, Belgian composer/Baron
  • Apr 14 Syd Gregory, cricketer (Australian batsman in 58 Tests 1890-1912)
  • Apr 14 Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (d. 1905)
  • Apr 17 Ray Stannard Baker, US, journalist (Puliter Prize 1940)
  • Apr 20 Simeon Roncal, composer
  • Apr 20 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Urdu, Pakistani scholar (d. 1961)
  • Apr 21 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer (d. 1941)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 22 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Apr 28 Hermann Suter, composer
  • Apr 30 Franz Lehar, operetta composer (Naughty Marietta)
  • May 3 Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1948)
  • May 4 Alexandre Benois, Russian artist (d. 1960)
  • May 6 Amedos Peter Giannine, founded Bank of America, born in San Jose, California
  • May 6 John McCutcheon, cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931)
  • May 14 Zygmunt Denis Antoni Stojowski, composer
  • May 19 Albert Fish, American serial killer (d. 1936)
  • May 24 Benjamin Cardozo, American jurist (d. 1938)
  • May 24 Jan Christiaan Smuts, Prime Minister of South Africa and proponent of Commonwealth & League of Nations (d. 1950)
  • May 27 Lionel Palairet, cricketer (elegant England bat in the Golden Age)
  • Jun 13 Jules JBV Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (syphillis, Nobel 1919)
  • Jun 14 Sophia of Prussia, consort of Constantine I of Greece (d. 1932)
  • Jun 17 George Cormack, cereal inventor (Wheaties)
  • Jun 18 Edouard Le Roy, French philosopher and mathematician
  • Jun 21 Clara Immerwahr, German chemist (d. 1915)
  • Jun 24 Horatio Mbelle, Cape Colony, South African interpreter, community leader and politician
  • Jun 29 Joseph Carl Breil, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 3 Richard Bedford Bennett, 11th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1930-35), born in Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick (d. 1947)

11th Prime Minister of Canada Richard Bedford Bennett
11th Prime Minister of Canada
Richard Bedford Bennett
  • Jul 4 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Dutch boulders)
  • Jul 8 Marie C of Zeggelen, Dutch novelist (Koloniaaltje)
  • Jul 10 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism)
  • Jul 12 Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
  • Jul 15 Ernest Walker, composer
  • Jul 16 Lambert McKenna, Irish scholar (d. 1956)
  • Jul 18 Emil Mlynarski, composer
  • Jul 20 Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
  • Jul 21 Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
  • Jul 24 Fred Law Olmsted Jr, landscape architect, born in Staten Island, New York
  • Jul 25 Jan D Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders)
  • Jul 25 Maxfield Parrish, American illustrator (d. 1966)
  • Jul 27 Joseph Hilaire Pierre Belloc, England, author (Path to Rome)
  • Jul 28 Henri Jaspar, premier of Belgium (1927-31)
  • Aug 1 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian Biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares
  • Aug 4 Harry Lauder, Scotland, comedian/singer (Roamin' in the Gloamin)
  • Aug 7 19 kittens, born to Tarawood Antigone (4 still born)
  • Aug 7 Jozef Brems, Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark)
  • Aug 11 Tom Richardson, legendary England cricket fast bowler (1893-98)
  • Aug 11 Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)
  • Aug 17 Frederick Russell, developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine
  • Aug 18 Hugh Bromley-Davenport, England cricketer (d. 1954)
  • Aug 19 Bernard Baruch, financier/presidential adviser (Cold War)
  • Aug 26 Aleksander Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok) [NS=Sept 7]
  • Aug 27 Amado Nervo, [Juan C Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican writer/poet
  • Aug 30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 31 Maria Montessori, Italian educator (spontaneous response), born in Chiaravalle, Marche, Italy (d. 1952)

  • Sep 1 Timotei Popovici, composer
  • Sep 2 Marie Ault, [Mary Cragg], Wigan England
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (d. 1947)
  • Sep 4 Friedrich Panzer, German germanist (Das Nibelungenlied)
  • Sep 7 Aleksander Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok) [OS=Aug 26]
  • Sep 7 Thomas Curtis, American athlete (d. 1944)
  • Sep 8 Hermann Hans Wetzler, composer
  • Sep 18 Clark Wissler, anthropologist (American Indian)
  • Sep 22 Arthur Pryor, American band composer and trombone player, born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1942)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 10 Deputy sheriff Wyatt Earp (21) weds Urilla Sutherland in Lamar, Texas

OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp
OK Corral Sheriff
Wyatt Earp

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 2 American writer (Huckleberry Finn) Samuel Langhorne Clemens, pen name Mark Twain, (34) marries Olivia Langdon (24) in Elmira, NY

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 28 Impressionist Painter Claude Monet (29) weds model Camille Doncieux in Paris

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 5 Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson (24) weds Annie E. Affleck (25) in Portland, Maine

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 25 German composer Richard Wagner (57) weds Franz Liszt's daughter Cosima Liszt (32) at a Protestant church in Lucerne, Switzerland

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, dies at 46
  • Jan 7 Karl Schwencke, composer, dies at 72
  • Jan 11 Adolf Ganz, German composer, dies at 73
  • Jan 21 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (b. 1812)
  • Jan 26 Cesare Pugni, composer, dies at 67
  • Jan 26 Victor, 3rd duc de Broglie, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1785)
  • Jan 29 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1797)
  • Feb 11 Jacob M de Kempenaer, Dutch min of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76
  • Feb 11 Leopold Eugen Mechura, composer, dies at 66
  • Feb 14 St. John Richardson Liddell, American Civil War Confederate General (b. 1815)
  • Feb 26 Wyatt Outlaw, African American leader of Union League in NC, lynched
  • Mar 1 Francisco S Lopez, President of Paraguay (1862-70), dies at 43
  • Mar 9 Theodore Labarre, composer, dies at 65
  • Mar 10 Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles, composer, dies at 75
  • Mar 11 Moshoeshoe I, King of Lesotho (1822-70), dies at about 47
  • Mar 18 Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide, composer, dies at 48
  • Mar 28 George Henry Thomas, American general (b. 1816)
  • Apr 1 Patrick Gass, sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
  • Apr 4 Heinrich Gustav Magnus, German chemist and physicist (b. 1802)
  • Apr 8 Charles-Auguste de Beriot, Belgian violinist/composer, dies at 68
  • Apr 16 Anatoli O Demidov, Russian ruler of Donato/traveller, dies
  • Apr 19 Andreas Schelfhout, painter/etcher/lithographer, dies at 83
  • Apr 19 Camille Marie Stamaty, composer, dies at 59
  • Apr 19 William Henry Havergal, composer, dies at 77
  • May 1 Francisco Solano Lopez, fieldmarshal/president of Paraguay
  • May 14 Ramon Vilanova y Barrera, composer, dies at 69
  • May 30 Gustave Vogt, French composer, dies at 89
  • Jun 8 Johann Gottlob Topfer, composer, dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 9 Charles Dickens, English writer (David Copperfield, Oliver Twist), dies at 58

Novelist Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens
  • Jun 9 Erik Drake, Swedish composer (Swedish Academy of Music), dies at 82
  • Jun 20 Jules de Goncourt, French writer, wrote with his brother Edmond de Goncourt, dies at 39
  • Jul 8 John D Zocher Jr, architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • Jul 21 Josef Strauss, Austrian composer (Dynamids), dies at 42
  • Jul 22 Josef Strauss, composer, dies at 42

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 14 David Farragut, American Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), dies at 69

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Aug 16 Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy, composer, dies at 80
  • Aug 18 Felix Salm-Salm, Prussian/US prince/brig-general, dies in battle
  • Aug 21 Ma Xinyi Viceroy of Liangjiang of the late Qing Dynasty in China (b. 1821)
  • Sep 2 Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon, composer, dies at 48
  • Sep 11 Eugenio Lucas y Padilla, Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • Sep 12 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (b. 1836)
  • Sep 23 Prosper Mérimée, French author (b. 1803)
  • Sep 27 Henry TP Comstock, Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 12 Robert E. Lee, US General of Confederate Army, dies at 63

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Oct 20 Michael William Balfe, composer (Bohemian Girl), dies at 62
  • Oct 31 Mihaly Mosonyi, composer, dies at 55
  • Nov 21 Karel J Erben, Czech poet (Ruiker), dies at 69
  • Nov 24 Comte de Lautréamont, French writer (b. 1846)
  • Nov 28 Frédéric Bazille, French painter (b. 1841)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 5 Alexandre Dumas, French writer ('The Three Musketeers', 'The Count of Monte Cristo') dies at 68

  • Dec 16 Stanislaw Duniecki, composer, dies at 31
  • Dec 17 Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante, composer, dies at 75
  • Dec 28 Alexey Fyodorovich L'vov, composer, dies at 72
  • Dec 28 Peter van Schendel, Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • Dec 30 ... Prim, Spanish general, murdered