What Happened in August 1870

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland.
  • Aug 2 Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.
  • Aug 4 British Red Cross Society forms
  • Aug 6 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • Aug 6 White conservatives capture the Tennessee legislature by suppressing the black vote
  • Aug 8 Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
  • Aug 8 The Republic of Ploie┼čti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
  • Aug 15 Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
  • Aug 16 Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion
  • Aug 17 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
  • Aug 17 Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)
  • Aug 18 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • Aug 24 The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Ilya Ivanovich Ivanov, Russian Biologist who perfected the artificial insemination of animals and showed that his technology allowed one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares
  • Aug 4 Harry Lauder, Scotland, comedian/singer (Roamin' in the Gloamin)
  • Aug 7 19 kittens, born to Tarawood Antigone (4 still born)
  • Aug 7 Jozef Brems, Flemish apostole (vicar of Denmark)
  • Aug 11 Tom Richardson, legendary England cricket fast bowler (1893-98)
  • Aug 11 Walter Bowman, Canadian soccer player (d. ?)
  • Aug 17 Frederick Russell, developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine
  • Aug 18 Hugh Bromley-Davenport, England cricketer (d. 1954)
  • Aug 19 Bernard Baruch, financier/presidential adviser (Cold War)
  • Aug 26 Aleksander Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok) [NS=Sept 7]
  • Aug 27 Amado Nervo, [Juan C Ruiz de Nervo], Mexican writer/poet
  • Aug 30 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 31 Maria Montessori, Italian educator (spontaneous response), born in Chiaravalle, Marche, Italy (d. 1952)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 25 German composer Richard Wagner (57) weds Franz Liszt's daughter Cosima Liszt (32) at a Protestant church in Lucerne, Switzerland

Composer Richard Wagner
Richard Wagner

Famous Deaths

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 14 David Farragut, American Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), dies at 69

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • Aug 16 Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy, composer, dies at 80
  • Aug 18 Felix Salm-Salm, Prussian/US prince/brig-general, dies in battle
  • Aug 21 Ma Xinyi Viceroy of Liangjiang of the late Qing Dynasty in China (b. 1821)