What Happened in December 1870

Historical Events

  • Dec 12 Joseph Rainey (South Carolina) becomes 1st African American to serve in US House of Representatives
  • Dec 22 Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
  • Dec 26 The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
  • Dec 31 J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 2 Francis Louis Casadesus, French violinist/composer/conductor
  • Dec 5 Vítězslav Novák, Czech composer (d. 1949)
  • Dec 10 Adolf Loos, Austria architect (building of houses)
  • Dec 10 Pierre Louijs, France, novelist/poet (Aphrodite, Woman & Puppet)
  • Dec 10 Rudolf W Canne, Fries playwright (Der de Wier Us)
  • Dec 10 T R McKibbin, cricketer (NSW & Aust off-spinner late 19th century)
  • Dec 10 Mary Bonaparte, pretender to the French imperial throne (d. 1947)
  • Dec 12 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil baron (d. 1912)
  • Dec 13 Edward LeSaint, American actor and director (d. 1940)
  • Dec 14 Dirk J de Geer, Dutch premier (1926-29, 39-40)
  • Dec 14 Karl Renner, Austrian Chancellor/president (1918-20, 45-50)
  • Dec 15 Josef Hoffmann, Austrian architect
  • Dec 18 Andres Randolf, Denmark, actor (The Kiss)
  • Dec 18 Saki, [Hector Hugo Munro], Burma, author (Reginald, When William Came)
  • Dec 20 Pieter C Boutens, Dutch poet (Voices, Carmina)
  • Dec 21 Sir Patrick Duncan, Fortrie, Banffshire, Scotland, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa (1937 to 1943)
  • Dec 24 Rosario Scalero, composer
  • Dec 25 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics industrialist (d. 1965)
  • Dec 31 Thomas Connolly, baseball's major league umpire for 50 years

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 5 Alexandre Dumas, French writer ('The Three Musketeers', 'The Count of Monte Cristo') dies at 68

  • Dec 16 Stanislaw Duniecki, composer, dies at 31
  • Dec 17 Giuseppe Saverio Raffaele Mercadante, composer, dies at 75
  • Dec 28 Alexey Fyodorovich L'vov, composer, dies at 72
  • Dec 28 Peter van Schendel, Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • Dec 30 ... Prim, Spanish general, murdered