What Happened in October 1870

Historical Events

  • Oct 2 Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
  • Oct 7 Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
  • Oct 9 Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
  • Oct 13 Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
  • Oct 19 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
  • Oct 19 British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives
  • Oct 25 Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
  • Oct 25 Postcards first used in USA

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Pieter van Essen, Dutch artillery officer/inventor (grape-shot shells)
  • Oct 7 Uncle Dave Macon, entertainer
  • Oct 8 Louis Vierne, composer
  • Oct 10 Louise Mack, Australian writer (d. 1935)
  • Oct 16 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist
  • Oct 18 D T Suzuki, Kanazawa Japan, Zen Buddhist scholar
  • Oct 22 Ivan Bunin, Russia, poet/novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933)
  • Oct 22 Alfred Douglas, English partner of Oscar Wilde (d. 1945)
  • Oct 23 Francis Kelley, Catholic Bishop of Oklahoma (d. 1948)

Famous Deaths


Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 12 Robert E. Lee, American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 63

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • Oct 20 Michael William Balfe, composer (Bohemian Girl), dies at 62
  • Oct 31 Mihaly Mosonyi, composer, dies at 55