What Happened in 1871

Historical Events

  • Jan 1st Belgium disbands salt tax
  • Jan 2nd King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • Jan 3rd Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
  • Jan 16th Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • Jan 17th 1st cable car patented, by Andrew Smith Hallidie in the US (begins service in 1873)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 18th 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck

German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck
German Statesman
Otto Von Bismarck
  • Jan 19th 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • Jan 26th British Rugby Union forms
  • Jan 26th US income tax repealed
  • Jan 28th Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • Jan 31st Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
  • Feb 1st Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • Feb 9th Federal fish protection office authorized by US Congress
  • Feb 27th Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • Feb 28th 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • Mar 1st J Milton Turner named US minister to Liberia
  • Mar 3rd US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • Mar 3rd US Congress establishes the civil service system
  • Mar 16th 1st fertilizer law enacted
  • Mar 17th National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • Mar 18th Communards revolt in Paris

CommunicationHenry Morton Stanley's Expedition to Africa

Mar 21st Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa

  • Mar 21st Otto Von Bismarck elevated to rank of Fürst (Prince)
  • Mar 21st 32nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Pickernell aboard The Lamb IRE wins
  • Mar 22nd William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
  • Mar 26th Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government
  • Mar 27th 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • Mar 28th SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 29th Royal Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Apr 10th William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
  • Apr 14th Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
  • Apr 16th German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • Apr 20th 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • Apr 23rd Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
  • Apr 30th The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
  • May 4th 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
  • May 8th British-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
  • May 10th Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
  • May 12th Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17th Indian fighter General William T. Sherman escapes from Comanches in an ambulance

  • May 21st -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
  • May 28th Paris communards revolt put down

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 3rd Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Jun 10th 5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56
  • Jun 10th Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
  • Jun 13th Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
  • Jun 15th Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
  • Jun 16th Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
  • Jun 16th The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
  • Jun 20th Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford, Miss
  • Jun 30th Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
  • Jul 1st The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
  • Jul 3rd Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
  • Jul 5th Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
  • Jul 20th British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
  • Jul 25th Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
  • Aug 29th Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
  • Sep 7th Bay of Biscay: British warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed
  • Sep 17th Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
  • Sep 20th Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
  • Oct 1st General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2nd Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrested for bigamy

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young
  • Oct 6th Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
  • Oct 7th 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
  • Oct 8th Forest fire destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
  • Oct 8th Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
  • Oct 11th Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
  • Oct 12th US President Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • Oct 13th The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
  • Oct 17th Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
  • Oct 21st 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
  • Oct 23rd Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
  • Oct 24th Mob in Los Angeles, California hang 18 Chinese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 27th Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • Oct 30th Philadelphia Athletics beat Chicago for 1st National Association baseball pennant
  • Oct 31st Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
  • Nov 6th Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa

Agreement"Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Nov 10th Henry Morton Stanley encounters David Livingstone at Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika in Central Africa, with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'

  • Nov 21st Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
  • Nov 21st The first human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
  • Nov 23rd Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
  • Nov 24th National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
  • Nov 28th Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
  • Dec 12th Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
  • Dec 19th Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • Dec 24th Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
  • Dec 26th Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
  • Dec 27th World's first cat show (Crystal Palace, London)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 142

  • Jan 5th Frederick Shepherd Converse, Newton Mass, composer
  • Jan 7th Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • Jan 8th James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 9th Charles Kortright, British(?) cricket player
  • Jan 10th Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • Jan 12th Paul Guthnick, German astronomer
  • Jan 14th Pauline Beersmans, [PLJM van Cuyck], Flemish actress (Hofslachter)
  • Jan 15th Bertram Shapleigh, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 17th David Beatty, Nantwich, Cheshire, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Jan 22nd Leon Jessel, German composer (The Parade of the Tin Soldiers), born in Stettin (d. 1942)
  • Jan 26th Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], US journalist/writer (Average Jones)
  • Jan 29th Eduardo Lopez-Chavarri y Marco, composer
  • Jan 30th Seymour Hicks, St Helier Jersey, actor-manager (Scrooge)
  • Jan 30th Wilfred Lucas, actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford)
  • Feb 4th Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
  • Feb 5th Jovan Ducic, Serb poet (Blue Legends)
  • Feb 7th Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer, composer
  • Feb 9th Franc S Finzgar, Slovenian clergyman/writer (Our Blood)
  • Feb 9th Howard T Ricketts, US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • Feb 14th Gerda Lundequist, Swedish actress (d. 1959)
  • Feb 18th Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • Feb 25th Oliver Samuel Campbell, tennis champ (US Open-1890)
  • Mar 1st Ben Harney, American composer and ragtime pianist (d. 1938)
  • Mar 3rd Maurice Garin, French cyclist (d. 1957)
  • Mar 4th Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5th Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • Mar 5th Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
  • Mar 15th Betsy van den Arend, Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs)
  • Mar 19th Joseph McGinnity, Rock Island Ill, baseball pitcher (NY Giants)
  • Mar 19th Schofield Haigh, cricketer ("Sunshine of the Yorkshire 11")
  • Mar 26th Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole of the Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
  • Mar 27th Heinrich Mann, Germany, novelist/essayist (Blue Angel); bros of Thomas
  • Mar 27th Petrus J M Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25)
  • Mar 28th Willem Mengelberg, Utrecht Neth, conductor (NY Philharmonic 1922-30)
  • Mar 29th Tom Hayward, cricketer (great England batsman of the Golden Age)
  • Mar 31st Arthur Griffith, President of Ireland (d. 1922)
  • Apr 1st F Melius Christiansen, composer
  • Apr 3rd Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • Apr 5th Jeanne Bougeois, [La Mistinguette], artist (French revue)
  • Apr 5th Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
  • Apr 6th Alexander, grandson of England's Queen Victoria
  • Apr 8th Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
  • Apr 9th Arthur Fickenscher, composer
  • Apr 12th Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general/dictator (1936-41)
  • Apr 16th John Millington Synge, Ireland, dramatist/poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • Apr 16th Martin Lunssens, composer
  • Apr 18th Henry Stephenson, British actor (Conquest, Little Old NY, Mr Lucky), born in Grenada, British West Indies (d. 1956)
  • Apr 20th William Henry Davies, Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp)
  • Apr 21st Leo Blech, German composer and conductor, born in Aachen, Rhenish Prussia (d. 1958)
  • Apr 21st Vojtech Rihovsky, composer
  • Apr 25th Sara Amsel, Indonesian/Dutch actress
  • Apr 27th Arthur Finlay Nevin, composer
  • Apr 29th Louis William Stern, German/US philosopher (Intelligence of Children)
  • May 4th Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), born in Gołańcz, Poland (d. 1946)
  • May 5th Alberto Cametti, composer
  • May 6th August Reusner, composer
  • May 6th Ch Morgenstern, writer
  • May 6th Victor Grignard, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1935)
  • May 11th Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
  • May 17th Henricus P Bremmer, art historian (Modern Kunstwerken)
  • May 18th Franiska zu Reventlow, writer
  • May 19th Reginald Aldworth Daly, Napanee Ontario, Canadian-American Geologist who independently developed the theory of magmatic stopping
  • May 23rd Sigurd Lie, Norwegian composer and conductor, born in Drammen (d. 1904)
  • May 26th Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47)
  • May 27th Georges-Henri Rouault, Fr expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre)
  • May 30th Olga Engl, Austrian actress (d. 1946)
  • Jun 14th Jacob Ellehammer, Danish inventor (d. 1946)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 17th James Weldon Johnson, American civil rights activist, leader of the NAACP and Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1938)

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jun 17th Nicolae Iorga, writer/poet/literature historian/President of Romania
  • Jun 22nd William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • Jul 3rd Vicente Arregui Garay, composer
  • Jul 8th Clement Harris, English composer, born in London (d. 1897)
  • Jul 8th Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • Jul 10th Marcel Proust, France, novelist (Remembrance of Things Past)
  • Jul 11th Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Farmers' Party)
  • Jul 15th Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
  • Jul 17th Lyonel C A Feininger, US cartoonist/painter
  • Jul 18th Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope)
  • Jul 18th Sada Yacco, Japanese stage actress (d. 1946)
  • Jul 22nd Akos Buttykai, composer
  • Aug 1st Oskar Fried, German Russian composer, born in Berlin (d. 1941)
  • Aug 1st John Lester, American cricketer (d. 1969)
  • Aug 2nd John French Sloan, American artist (d. 1951)
  • Aug 3rd Vernon Louis Parrington, author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928)
  • Aug 6th Emanuel Querido, [Joost Mendes], author/publisher
  • Aug 8th William Henry Squire, composer
  • Aug 13th Karl Liebknecht, German revolutionary marxist (Sparta Party)
  • Aug 16th Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili, composer
  • Aug 18th Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19th Orville Wright, aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1912)

  • Aug 21st Leonid N Andrejev, Russian journalist/writer (Red Laugh)
  • Aug 27th Theodore Dreiser, US, novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy)
  • Aug 29th Albert Lebrun, French politician (d. 1950)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 30th Ernest Rutherford [1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson], New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), born in Brightwater, New Zealand (d. 1937)

  • Aug 31st James E. Ferguson, Texan governor (d. 1944)
  • Sep 1st J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
  • Sep 10th Charles Collett, British mechanical engineer (d. 1952)
  • Sep 12th Friedrich, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania
  • Sep 13th Alma Kruger, actress (Made For Each Other), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Sep 19th Fritz Schaudinn, German animal expert (examined syphilis)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 25th US President William McKinley (27) weds Ida Saxton (23) at the First Presbyterian Church in Canton

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 14th Impressionist painter Camille Pissarro (40) weds Julie Vellay in London

HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 21st Suffragette Kate Sheppard (24) weds general merchant Walter Allen Sheppard in Christchurch, New Zealand

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Kate Sheppard

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 25th Inventor Thomas Edison (24) marries 1st wife Mary Stilwell (16)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 25th Writer Ambrose Bierce (29) weds Mary Ellen Day

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 10th Pierre A du Terrail, French writer, dies at 41
  • Jan 21st John J Rochussen, gov-general of Neth-Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
  • Jan 29th Philippe-Joseph Aubert de Gaspé, French Canadian writer and Seigneur (b. 1786)
  • Feb 1st Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov, composer, dies at 51
  • Feb 7th Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, piano manufacturer (Steinway & Sons) (b. 1797)
  • Feb 20th Paul Kane, Irish-born painter (b. 1810)
  • Feb 26th Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general, dies at 76
  • Mar 18th Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
  • Mar 19th Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger, Austrian mineralogist (b. 1795)
  • Mar 20th Antonio Buzzolla, composer, dies at 56
  • Mar 22nd Johnny Cuzens, cricketer (Australian aboriginal tourist 1868), dies
  • Mar 30th W F A A Louisa/Lovisa, queen of Sweden/Norway, dies at 42
  • Apr 5th Georg Andreas Henkel, composer, dies at 66
  • Apr 7th Alexander, grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
  • Apr 7th Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Aus adm (Helgoland/Lissa), dies at 43
  • Apr 7th Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • Apr 8th Charles-Louis Hanssens, composer, dies at 68
  • Apr 18th Omar Pasha, [Michael Lats], Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • Apr 21st Elisabeth Grube, writer, dies
  • Apr 27th Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg, composer, dies at 59
  • Apr 29th John Gelinde van Blom, Fries notary/author, dies at 75
  • May 7th Louis Papineau, political reformer, dies
  • May 11th John Herschel, cataloguer of southern hemisphere stars, dies at 79
  • May 12th Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber, French opera composer, dies at 89
  • May 12th John F W Herschel, British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae), dies
  • May 24th Francisco Salvador Daniel, composer, dies at 40
  • May 26th Aime Maillart, composer, dies at 54
  • Jun 7th Thomas Jackson Rodman, American military inventor of the rodman gun and perforated-cake gunpowder, dies on duty at 54
  • Jun 8th Satank, Kiowa indian chief, shot to death

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 9th Anna Atkins, English botanist, photographer and the 1st person to publish a book illustrated with photographic images, dies of paralysis, rheumatism, and exhaustion at 72

Botanist and Photographer Anna Atkins
Botanist and Photographer
Anna Atkins
  • Jul 5th Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso, Italian princess, dies
  • Jul 6th Antonio de Castro Alves, Brazilian poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • Jul 16th Tad Lincoln, son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln
  • Jul 17th Carl Tausig, Polish pianist and composer, dies of typhoid at 29
  • Aug 27th William Whiting Boardman, American politician (b. 1794)
  • Sep 3rd Vaclav Horak, composer, dies at 71
  • Sep 7th Cowper Phipps Coles, English inventor (Steel warships), drowns
  • Sep 7th Mehmed E Ali Pasja, Turkish statesman, dies
  • Sep 8th Etienne-Joseph Soubre, composer, dies at 57
  • Sep 12th Karl Collan, Finnish composer, dies at 43
  • Sep 23rd Alexander N Afanasjev, Russian story teller, dies at 45
  • Sep 25th Arvir A Afzelius, Swedish story teller, dies
  • Sep 26th Philip Cipriani Hambly Potter, composer, dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 20th Charles Babbage, English mathematician/inventor (calculator), dies of renal failure at 79

Inventor Charles Babbage
Charles Babbage
  • Oct 22nd Roderick Murchison, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system), dies at 79
  • Nov 11th William Lonsdale, English Geologist and Paleontologist (fossil coral), dies at 77
  • Nov 22nd Oscar J Dunn, (Lt Gov-La), dies suddenly, charges he was poisoned
  • Dec 16th Willibald Alexis, German writer (Schloss Avalon), dies at 73
  • Dec 29th Ferdinand Marcucci, composer, dies at 71