What Happened in 1873

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Origin of Japanese Era
  • Jan 6 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"
  • Jan 6 US Congress begins investigating Crédit Mobilier scandal
  • Jan 11 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover's Journal, Chicago
  • Jan 13 P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
  • Jan 14 "Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • Jan 14 Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback elected to US Senate
  • Jan 17 A group of Modoc warriors defeat the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold, a part of the Modoc War.
  • Jan 22 British SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness, England, 300 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 30 "Around the World in 80 Days" by Jules Verne is published in France by Pierre-Jules Hetzel

Novelist Jules Verne
Jules Verne
  • Feb 11 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • Feb 12 US Congress abolishes bimetallism & authorizes $1 & $3 gold coins
  • Feb 20 University of California gets its first Medical School (UC/SF)
  • Feb 20 British Naval Officer John Morseby discovers the site of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea, and claims for Britain
  • Feb 27 Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • Mar 1 E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
  • Mar 3 US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
  • Mar 3 US Congress & government retroactively raise own salaries
  • Mar 3 Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
  • Mar 22 Slavery is abolished in Puerto Rico
  • Mar 27 34th Grand National: Mr. J. M. Richardson aboard Disturbance wins
  • Apr 1 British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • Apr 1 Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
  • Apr 13 Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • May 1 1st US postal card issued
  • May 1 Emperor Franz Jozef opens 5th World's Exposition in Vienna
  • May 7 US marines attack Panama
  • May 9 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression.
  • May 12 Oscar II of Sweden-Norway is crowned King of Sweden.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 20 Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis patent the first blue jeans with copper rivets

Fashion Designer Levi Strauss
Fashion Designer
Levi Strauss
  • May 23 1st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
  • May 23 Canada's North West Mounted Police Force forms (it didn't get the "Royal" until 1904)
  • May 23 Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
  • May 24 Leo Delibes' opera "Le Roi l'a Dit" premieres in Paris
  • May 27 Heinrich Schliemann discovers "Priam's Treasure" a cache of gold and other objects in Hisarlik (Troy) in Anatolia
  • Jun 2 Construction begins on Clay St (SF) for world's 1st cable railroad
  • Jun 4 1st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrives in Suriname
  • Jun 5 Sultan Bargash closes slave market of Zanzibar
  • Jun 7 7th Belmont: James Roe aboard Springbok wins in 3:01.75
  • Jun 9 Alexandra Palace burnt down, after being open for only 16 days.
  • Jun 16 US President Ullyses Grant decrees Wallowa Valley for Nez-Perce indians
  • Jun 18 Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President
  • Jun 22 Prince Edward Island joins Canada

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 1 Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy

Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper
Soldier and Former Slave
Henry Ossian Flipper
  • Jul 1 Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • Jul 4 Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens, San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 10 French poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 21 Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Aug 1 SF's 1st cable car begins service
  • Aug 2 1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the first time with the Sioux (near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed).

  • Aug 14 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • Aug 18 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • Aug 23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • Aug 26 First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • Sep 1 Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
  • Sep 6 Regular Cable Car service begins on Clay Street, San Francisco
  • Sep 15 Last German troops leave France
  • Sep 16 German troops leave France
  • Sep 17 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
  • Sep 18 Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the Long depression
  • Sep 20 Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
  • Sep 23 Tom Allen beats Mike McCale for Heavyweight Boxing title
  • Oct 3 Captain Jack and companions are hanged for their part in the Modoc War.
  • Oct 4 Toronto Argonaut Football Club forms
  • Oct 4 13th British Golf Open: Tom Kidd shoots a 179 at St Andrews
  • Oct 8 First women's prison run by women opens at Indiana Reformatory Institute
  • Oct 11 Toronto Argonaut Football Club 1st game losing to U of Toronto
  • Oct 18 1st football game between Toronto Argonauts & Hamilton Tigers
  • Oct 18 Columbia Princeton Rutgers & Yale set rules for collegiate football
  • Oct 20 P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth" opens (NYC)
  • Oct 30 P T Barnum's circus, "Greatest Show on Earth", debuts (New York City)
  • Nov 4 Dentist John Beers of SF patents gold crown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Due to the fallout from the Pacific Scandal, John A. Macdonald resigns as Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Alexander Mackenzie becomes the second Prime Minister of Canada, succeeding John A. Macdonald

2nd Prime Minister of Canada Alexander Mackenzie
2nd Prime Minister of Canada
Alexander Mackenzie
Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Nov 12 Bay District Race Track opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 19 William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment

Politician Boss Tweed
Boss Tweed
  • Nov 19 James Reed and two accomplices rob the Watt Grayson family of $30,000 in the Choctaw Nation
  • Nov 20 Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
  • Dec 6 1st international football game in US: Yale 2, Eton (England) 1
  • Dec 30 American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 182

  • Jan 1 Mariano Azuela, Mexico, novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
  • Jan 2 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • Jan 2 Thérèse de Lisieux, French Roman-Catholic nun (d. 1897)
  • Jan 3 Ichizo Kobayashi, Japanese businessman (d. 1957)
  • Jan 6 Karl Straube, German organist/conductor
  • Jan 7 Adolph Zukor, Hungary, movie producer/director/executive (Paramount)
  • Jan 8 Lucien Capet, composer
  • Jan 8 Iuliu Maniu, Romanian politician (d. 1953)
  • Jan 8 Elena of Montenegro, queen of Italy (d. 1956)
  • Jan 9 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, born in Radi, Volhynia, (d. 1934)
  • Jan 10 Jack O'Neill, Irish-born baseball player (d. 1935)
  • Jan 10 George Orton, Canadian athlete (d. 1958)
  • Jan 11 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (d. 1949)
  • Jan 12 Spiridon Louis, Greek marathon runner (d. 1940)
  • Jan 15 Max Adler, Austria sociologist/socialist theorist
  • Jan 16 Boyd Alexander, English explorer
  • Jan 17 Francois Rasse, composer
  • Jan 19 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), born in Leutkirch im Allgäu (d. 1945)
  • Jan 20 Charles A Ellwood, US, sociologist/psychologist
  • Jan 20 Johannes V Jensen, Denmark, novelist/poet (Energy Storage, Nobel 1944)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 28 Colette [Sidonie-Gabrielle], French novelist and performer (Gigi), born in Paris, France

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer
  • Jan 28 M A Noble, cricketer (great Australian all-rounder at turn of century)
  • Jan 29 Prince Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, Italy, explorer/climber (Mt St Elias)
  • Jan 30 Rose Melville, American stage actress (Sis Hopkins), born in Terre Haute. Indiana
  • Jan 30 Georges Ricard-Cordingley, painter (d. 1939)
  • Feb 1 Clara Butt, Southwick Sussex, contralto (Country of Hope & Glory)
  • Feb 1 Joseph Allard, Canadian fiddler (d. 1947)
  • Feb 1 John Barry, Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1901)
  • Feb 2 Freiherr Konstantin von Neurath, German secretary of State (1932-38)
  • Feb 2 Johan P earl van Limburg Stirum, Dutch diplomat
  • Feb 2 Leopold Fall, Austria, operetta composer (Dollar Princess)
  • Feb 3 Ernest B Allo, French theologist
  • Feb 4 Étienne Desmarteau, Canadian athlete (d. 1905)
  • Feb 11 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • Feb 15 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)
  • Feb 22 Muhammad Iqbal, Dutch East Indies lawyer/poet/philosopher
  • Feb 23 Dmitri Arakishvili, composer
  • Feb 23 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
  • Feb 23 Joseph Allen Sr. American actor, born in Worcester, Massachusetts (d. 1952)
  • Feb 25 Enrico Caruso, Naples Italy, operatic tenor (Faust)
  • Feb 26 Ewoud van Everdingen, Dutch meteorologist
  • Mar 3 William Green, president of American Federation of Labor (1924-52)
  • Mar 4 Guy Wetmore Carryl, American humorist and poet (d. 1904)
  • Mar 4 John H. Trumbull, 54th Governor of the U.S. state of Connecticut (d. 1961)
  • Mar 5 Olav Bjaaland, Norwegian explorer and cross-country skier (d. 1961)
  • Mar 7 Madame Sul-Te-Wan, American actress (d. 1959)
  • Mar 10 Jakob Wassermann, Germany, novelist (My Life as German & Jew)
  • Mar 11 David Horsley, English-born film executive (d. 1933)
  • Mar 14 Johannes Aengenent, sociologist/bishop of Haarlem (1928-35)
  • Mar 15 David Vaughan Thomas, composer
  • Mar 15 Lee Shubert, producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him)
  • Mar 16 Hippoliet Daeye, Flemish painter (Sereniteit)
  • Mar 17 Chard Somerset, 1st woman Cabinet minister (1929-31)
  • Mar 17 Margaret Bondfield, British politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), born in Chard (d. 1953)
  • Mar 19 Max Reger, Brand Bavaria, composer/pianist/prof (Leipzig Univ)
  • Mar 20 Sergei V Rachmaninov, Russian/US pianist/composer (Aleko) [NS=Apr 1]
  • Mar 25 Rudolf Rocker, German/US anarchist
  • Mar 26 [Louise] Sophie de Vries, actress (On Hope of Blessing)
  • Mar 29 Tullio Levi-Civita, Italian mathematician (d. 1941)
  • Apr 1 Sergei Rachmaninoff, Novgorod Russia, composer (Prelude in C# Minor)
  • Apr 7 John McGraw, American baseball player and manager (d. 1934)
  • Apr 11 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross (d. 1955)
  • Apr 13 Theodore Morse, composer
  • Apr 13 John W. Davis, American politician (d. 1955)
  • Apr 14 Viktor Joseph Keldorfer, composer
  • Apr 18 Jean Roger-Ducasse, composer
  • Apr 19 Sydney Barnes, cricketer (probably England's greatest bowler)
  • Apr 22 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, US, novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942)
  • Apr 24 Theodor Korner von Siegringen, Austrian general/president
  • Apr 26 Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon)
  • Apr 27 Harry M O'Connor, actor (Stranger than Fiction), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 28 Harold Bauer, English/US pianist (Beethoven-Association)
  • Apr 29 Alida J M Tartaud-Klein, actress/stage star (Rotterdam Stage)
  • May 3 Nikolay N Tcherepnin, St Petersburg, composer of ballets, songs [OS]
  • May 3 [Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll, Norwegian author (Kvinnen og Den)
  • May 3 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian general (d. 1945)
  • May 4 Joe De Grasse, Canadian film director (d. 1940)
  • May 7 Clarence Dickinson, composer
  • May 8 Henry Leveson-Gower, cricketer (England capt 1909-10 later official)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 9 Howard Carter, British archaeologist and egyptologist (found King Tutankhamen's tomb), born in London, England

Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun
Howard Carter
  • May 9 Lilian Mary Baylis, manager (Old Vic & Sadler's Wells Theater)
  • May 9 Anton Cermak, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1933)
  • May 10 Carl J Eldh, Swedish sculptor
  • May 10 Jan Kalf, literary/art historian (Preservation of museums)
  • May 15 Nikolay N Tcherepnin, St Petersburg, composer of ballets, songs [NS]
  • May 17 Dorothy Miller Richardson, Abingdon Berkshire, novelist
  • May 17 Henri Barbusse, Asnieres France, novelist (Le Feu)
  • May 19 Federico Gerdes, composer
  • May 21 Emil Ermatinger, Switz, literature historian
  • May 21 Everard Verachtert, Flemish translator (I speak beschaafd Dutch)
  • May 21 Hans Berger, German neuroscientist (d. 1941)
  • May 23 Leo Baeck, rabbi/president (World Union for Progressive Judaism)
  • May 26 Cornelis G N de Vooys, translator/founder (New Taalgids)
  • May 26 Olaf Gulbransson, Norwegian artist (d. 1958)
  • Jun 3 Otto Loewi, Frankfurt am Main Germany, physician (Nobel-1936)
  • Jun 7 Landon Ronald, composer
  • Jun 21 Henry M Tomlinson, British writer (Sea & Jungle)
  • Jun 24 Thomas Carl Whitmer, composer
  • Jun 28 Alexis Carrel, France, surgeon/sociologist/biologist (Nobel 1912)
  • Jun 29 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), born in Berlin, Germany

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 25 Frontiersman and gunfighter Wild Bill Hickok supposedly marries Calamity Jane according to the later's daughter (disputed)

Frontierswoman Calamity Jane
Calamity Jane
Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok
Folk Hero of the American Old West
Wild Bill Hickok

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 John Lodge Ellerton, composer, dies at 71
  • Jan 9 Emperor Napoleon III of France (b. 1808)
  • Jan 18 Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, English author (b. 1803)
  • Jan 20 The Venerable Father Basil Anthony Marie Moreau, Founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (b. 1799)
  • Jan 28 Henry Hugo Pierson, composer, dies at 57
  • Feb 1 Matthew Maury, hydrographer, dies
  • Feb 7 Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (b. 1814)
  • Feb 13 Petrus AS van Limburg Brouwer, [Abraham van Luik], literary, dies
  • Feb 14 Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg, composer, dies at 52
  • Feb 19 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1837)
  • Mar 5 Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor, composer, dies at 34
  • Mar 20 Adolfe Louis Eugene Fetis, composer, dies at 52
  • Mar 25 Wilhelm Marstrand, Danish painter (b. 1810)
  • Mar 27 Amedée Simon Dominique Thierry, French journalist and historian (b. 1797)
  • Mar 29 Francesco Zantedeschi, Italian physicist (b. 1797)
  • Mar 30 Benedict Augustin Morel, psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63
  • Apr 11 Edward Canby, U.S. general (b. 1817)
  • Apr 13 Carlo Coccia, composer, dies at 90
  • Apr 17 Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky, composer, dies at 60
  • Apr 17 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy, Russian artist (b. 1783)
  • Apr 18 Justus Freiherr von Liebig, German chemist, dies at 69
  • Apr 20 William Tite, English architect (b. 1798)
  • Apr 25 Walter de la Mare, Engl poet/author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43
  • Apr 27 William Charles Macready, English actor (b. 1793)
  • Apr 28 A Manzoni, writer, dies at 88

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 1 David Livingstone, British physician/explorer (Africa), dies at 60

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 8 John Stuart Mill, great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66

Philosopher and Political Economist John Stuart Mill
Philosopher and Political Economist
John Stuart Mill
  • May 13 Kaspar Masek, composer, dies at 79
  • May 14 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician and writer (b. 1797)
  • May 15 Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Romania, dies at 53
  • May 20 Sir George-Étienne Cartier, French-Canadian statesman (b. 1814)
  • May 26 August Conradi, composer, dies at 51
  • Jun 1 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • Jun 2 Francois Hainl, composer, dies at 65
  • Jun 13 Angelo Maurizio Gaspare Mariani, composer, dies at 51
  • Jun 14 Friedrich von Raumer, German historian/parliamentarian, dies at 92
  • Jun 29 Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Bengali poet (b. 1824)
  • Jul 3 Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski, composer, dies at 57
  • Jul 14 Ferdinand David, Dutch violinist/composer, dies at 63
  • Jul 19 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), dies at 67
  • Aug 2 Frank Mori, English composer, dies at 53
  • Aug 4 Viktor Hartmann, Russian painter (b. 1834)
  • Aug 26 Carl Wilhelm, composer, dies at 57
  • Aug 31 Charles F Pahud de Montagnes, gov-gen (Dutch East Indies), dies at 70
  • Sep 17 Alexander Berry, Scottish adventurer (b. 1781)
  • Sep 20 Lulu Strauss und Torney, German poetess/writer, dies
  • Sep 22 Friedrich Frey-Herosé, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1801)
  • Sep 23 Jean Chacornac, French astronomer (b. 1823)
  • Sep 28 Emile Gaboriau, detective writer (Monsieur Lecoq), dies at 37
  • Oct 2 Cornelius Varley, water-color painter, dies
  • Oct 3 Kintpuash, [Captain Jack], fought Modoc indians, Oregon, dies
  • Oct 6 Sir Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (b. 1797)
  • Oct 9 George Ormerod, English historian and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • Oct 21 Johann Sebastian Welhaven, Norwegian poet (b. 1807)
  • Oct 29 Ernest Feydeau, French author, dies at 52
  • Oct 29 Johan N M J, king of Saxon (1854-73), dies
  • Oct 29 Leonardus Lightenvelt, minister of RC Worship, dies at 78
  • Nov 3 Kintpuash, "Captain Jack", chief of Modoc-indians, dies
  • Nov 8 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Span poet/comic playwright, dies at 76
  • Dec 6 Manuel Acuna, Mexican poet (Ante un Cadaver), dies at 24
  • Dec 14 J Louis R Agassiz, Swiss geologist/paleo-biologist), dies
  • Dec 21 Francis Garnier, French explorer (b. 1839)
  • Dec 22 Charles Lenox Remond, African American Orator and abolitionist, dies at 63
  • Dec 24 Johns Hopkins, Baltimore philanthropist and businessman (b. 1795)