What Happened in August 1873

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 SF's 1st cable car begins service
  • Aug 2 1st trial run of SF cable car, Clay Street between Kearny & Jones

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Indian Wars: whilst protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the United States 7th Cavalry, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the first time with the Sioux (near the Tongue River; only one man on each side is killed).

  • Aug 14 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • Aug 18 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • Aug 23 Albert Bridge crossing the river Thames in London opens
  • Aug 26 First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri
  • Aug 30 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 3 Albert MLA de Bassompierre, Belgian ambassador to Tokyo (1921-39)
  • Aug 4 Damasco Berenguer y Fuste, Spanish general/minister of War
  • Aug 6 John Wesley Work Jr., 1st African-American collector of folk songs and spirituals, born in Nashville, Tennessee (or 1871) (d. 1925)
  • Aug 6 Mary Carr Moore, composer
  • Aug 11 John Rosamond Johnson, Fla, co-composer (Lift Every Voice & Sing)
  • Aug 17 John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (d. 1946)
  • Aug 18 Leo Slezak, Austria tenor/actor (Othello)
  • Aug 18 Otto Harbach, songwriter (Smoke Gets in Your Eyes)
  • Aug 19 Fred Stone, Longmont CO, acrobat/Broadway actor (Alice Adams)
  • Aug 20 Eliel Saarinen, Finland, architect (GM Tech Institute, Mich)
  • Aug 20 William Henry Bell, composer
  • Aug 22 Karl Nef, Swiss musicologist
  • Aug 22 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (d. 1928)
  • Aug 26 Lee De Forest, Council Bluffs, inventor (Audion vacuum (radio) tube)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 2 Frank Mori, English composer, dies at 53
  • Aug 4 Viktor Hartmann, Russian painter (b. 1834)
  • Aug 26 Carl Wilhelm, composer, dies at 57
  • Aug 31 Charles F Pahud de Montagnes, gov-gen (Dutch East Indies), dies at 70