What Happened in July 1874

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • Jul 1 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • Jul 1 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
  • Jul 4 Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
  • Jul 7 27th Postmaster General: James W Marshall of NJ takes office
  • Jul 8 The Mounties (North West Mounted Police) begin their March West from Fort Dufferin
  • Jul 12 Ontario Agricultural College founded
  • Jul 12 Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG)
  • Jul 23 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa.
  • Jul 29 Major Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
  • Jul 30 1st baseball teams to play outside US, Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles
  • Jul 31 Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Michel H Campen, author/critic (Bikoerim)
  • Jul 3 Apirana Turupa Ngata, Kawaka NZ, Maori political/cultural leader
  • Jul 3 Ä€pirana Ngata, Te Araroa on the East Coast of New Zealand, a prominent Maori New Zealand politician and lawyer
  • Jul 5 Gerhard von Keussler, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 5 Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (Kaiser Wilhelm Institute), born in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1967)

Nazi Physician Eugen Fischer
Nazi Physician
Eugen Fischer
  • Jul 7 Erwin Bumke, German jurist (d. 1945)
  • Jul 10 Austin Diamond, cricket non-Test capt (NSW batsman 1899-1919, Aust)
  • Jul 10 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (d. 1971)
  • Jul 14 'Abbas Hilmi II, last khedive (Ottoman viceroy) of Egypt (1892-1914)
  • Jul 14 Andre Debierne, French chemist/physicist (Actinium)
  • Jul 24 Oswald Chambers, Scottish minister and writer (d. 1917)
  • Jul 25 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Lublin Poland, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber
  • Jul 26 Serge Koussevitzky, Vishny-Volotchok, Russia conductor (Boston Symp)
  • Jul 28 Ernst Cassirer, Germany, philosopher/educator (Essay on Man)
  • Jul 29 August Stramm, German poet and playwright, born in Cathedrals (d. 1915)
  • Jul 29 James Shaver Woodsworth, Canadian politician (d. 1942)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 11 Xavier FMG earl Merode, Belgium pontifical defense minister, dies at 54
  • Jul 12 Fritz Reuter, writer, dies at 63