Today in History for Year 1878

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Months in Year 1878: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 96 of 96

Jan 4th - Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
Jan 8th - Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley
Jan 9th - Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
Jan 10th - US Senate proposes female suffrage
Jan 14th - US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
Jan 16th - Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
Jan 24th - Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg.
Jan 28th - 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
Jan 28th - George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
Jan 28th - Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
Feb 2nd - Greece declares war on Turkey
Feb 10th - Peace of Zanjón
Feb 10th - Peter Tchaikovsky's 4th Symphony in F premieres
Feb 11th - 1st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
Feb 11th - 1st weekly weather report published in UK
Composer Pyotr Ilyich TchaikovskyComposer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Feb 12th - Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
Feb 16th - Silver dollar became US legal tender
Feb 17th - 1st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
Feb 18th - John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
Feb 19th - Thomas Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
Feb 21st - World's 1st telephone directory issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
Feb 22nd - Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
Feb 28th - US congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
Mar 1st - First winter ascent of Aneto
Mar 3rd - Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
Mar 13th - Oxford University defeats Cambridge University in their 1st golf match
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison Mar 24th - British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
Mar 26th - Hastings College of Law founded in California
Mar 26th - Sabi Game Reserve, world's 1st official designated game reserve, opens
Mar 29th - 39th Grand National: J. Jones aboard Shifnal wins
Apr 2nd - 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
Apr 10th - California St Cable Car RR Co starts service
Apr 15th - Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
Apr 21st - First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
Apr 21st - NY installs 1st firehouse pole
Apr 21st - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
Apr 21st - Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
Apr 23rd - 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
May 2nd - US stops minting 20 cent coin
May 4th - Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
May 8th - 1st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
May 14th - Vaseline is granted a patent (U.S. Patent 127,568)
May 19th - Blanche Kelso Bruce appointed register of treasury by President Garfield
May 21st - 4th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Carter aboard Day Star wins in 2:37.25
May 23rd - Atty John Henry Smyth named minister to Liberia
May 24th - CA Parker (Harvard) wins 1st American bike race, Beacon Park Boston
May 25th - Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "HMS Pinafore" premieres in London
May 27th - 6th Preakness: C Holloway aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:41.75
May 27th - Australians Cricket 41 & 12-1 defeat MCC 33 & 19
May 31st - German battleship SMS Grosser Kurfürst sinks, 284 killed
May 31st - US Congress accepts decrease in dollar circulation
Jun 4th - Cyprus ceded by Turkey to Britain for administrative purposes
Jun 8th - 12th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Duke of Magenta wins in 2:43.5
Jun 11th - DC is given a new government by Congress, 3 commissioners appointed by president (change in 1974)
Jun 13th - Congress of Berlin meets to divide African colonization
Jun 15th - 1st attempt at motion pictures (used 12 cameras, each taking 1 picture) done to see if all 4 of a horse's hooves leave the ground
Jul 1st - Treaty of Berlin divides Africa for colonization
Jul 1st - Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
Jul 5th - The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
Jul 7th - Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
Jul 9th - An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
Jul 12th - Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
Jul 13th - Congress of Berlin discussing division of African colonies ends
Jul 13th - Treaty of Berlin amended terms of Treaty of San Stefano
Jul 17th - Nqwiliso, tribal chief of Western Pondoland and eldest son of Ndamase, signs a treaty with H.G. Elliott ceding sovereign rights and shipping in the Umzimvubu River mouth to the Cape government, Southern Africa
Jul 20th - 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
Jul 20th - 2nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Frank Hadow beats S Gore (7-5- 6-1 9-7)
Jul 26th - In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself "Black Bart" makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach. The empty box will be found later with a taunting poem inside.
Jul 30th - German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
Jul 30th - Russian assault on Plevna Turkey, 7,300 Russian casualties
Aug 21st - American Bar Association organizes at Sarasota, NY
Aug 21st - Edward Pooley completes record 8 stumpings in a cricket match
Sep 1st - 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
Sep 3rd - British passenger paddle steamer Princess Alice sunk in a collision on the River Thames with the collier Bywell Castle; 645 die
Sep 12th - Cleopatra Needle installed in London
Sep 25th - British physician Dr. Charles Drysdale warns against the use of tobacco in a letter to The Times newspaper in one of the earliest public health announcements on the dangers of smoking
Sep 30th - 1st Portuguese immigrants arrive in Hawaii
Sep 30th - Great Flood hits New Zealand's South Island
Oct 4th - 18th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 157 at Prestwick Golf Club
Oct 15th - Edison Electric Light Company incorporated
Prime Minister of Canada John A. MacdonaldPrime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald Oct 17th - After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada
Oct 18th - Edison makes electricity available for household use
Oct 21st - German republic chancellor Bismarck delegates end of "Socialism"
Oct 22nd - The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
Nov 1st - Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
Nov 6th - Henrik Ibsen's "Samfundets Stotter" premieres in Oslo
Nov 10th - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bespridannitsa" premieres in Moscow
Nov 17th - First assassination attempt against Umberto I of Italy.
Dec 1st - 1st White House telephone installed
Dec 3rd - Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel
Dec 9th - Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
Dec 12th - Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Dec 18th - French SS Byzantin sinks after collision in Dardanelles, 210 killed
Dec 18th - John Kehoe, the last of the Molly Maguires, is executed in Pennsylvania.
Dec 26th - 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
Dec 28th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 197

Jan 1st - Edwin Franko Goldman, composer
Jan 1st - Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
Jan 4th - Alfred Edgar Coppard, England, writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
Jan 4th - Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
Jan 6th - Carl Sandburg, US, poet/biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes)
Jan 6th - Dame Adeline Genée, Danish-British ballerina (d. 1970)
Jan 9th - John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
Jan 11th - Theodorus Pangalos, Greek general/dictator (1926)
Jan 12th - Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian/US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
Jan 13th - Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
Jan 14th - Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
Jan 15th - Johanna Muller-Hermann, composer
Jan 16th - Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], American actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force), born in The Bronx, New York
Jan 16th - Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
Jan 17th - Oscar Apfel, Cleve, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn)
Jan 18th - Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician
Jan 19th - Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
Jan 20th - Finlay Currie, Scotland, actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
Jan 21st - Egon Friedell, Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)
Jan 22nd - Constance Collier, Windsor England, actress/writer (Kitty, Whirlpool)
Jan 22nd - Francis Picabia, French painter/illustrator
Jan 23rd - Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
Jan 23rd - Rutland Boughton, composer
Jan 25th - Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
Jan 26th - A W "Dave" Nourse, cricketer ("Grand Old Man" of South African cricket)
Jan 28th - Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski], German composer (Der Juxbaron)
Jan 29th - Barney Oldfield, Ohio, daredevil
Jan 30th - Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
Jan 31st - Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist
Feb 1st - Hattie Wyatt Caraway, politician/teacher/1st woman elected to senate
Feb 1st - Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (d. 1944)
Feb 2nd - Christian Gauss, educator/writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)
Feb 2nd - Alfréd Hajós, Hungarian swimmer (d. 1955)
Feb 3rd - Joseph Gordon Coates, PM of New Zealand (1925-28)
Feb 5th - André Citroën, French automobile pioneer (d. 1935)
Feb 6th - Waclaw Gieburowski, composer
Feb 7th - Ossip Gabrilovich, composer
Feb 8th - Martin Buber, German/Israeli philosopher/theologist (Ich und Du)
Feb 14th - Julius Nieuwland, Hansbeke Belgium, Belgian-American Chemist (inventor of neoprene)
Feb 16th - Selim Palmgren, Finnish pianist/composer/conductor (Peter Schlemihl)
Feb 21st - Fritz Cortolezis, composer
Feb 21st - The Mother, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1973)
Feb 22nd - Walter Ritz, Swiss physicist (d. 1909)
Feb 23rd - Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
Feb 27th - Alvan T. Fuller, 50th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1958)
Feb 28th - Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (d. 1929)
Feb 28th - Artur Kapp, Estonian composer (d. 1952)
Mar 1st - Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont, composer
Mar 2nd - Wander J de Haas, Dutch physicist/son-in-law of Lorentz
Mar 2nd - William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1944)
Mar 4th - Egbert Van Alstyne, American songwriter and pianist (d. 1951)
Mar 4th - Peter D. Ouspensky, Russian philosopher (d. 1947)
Mar 7th - Boris Kustodiev, Russian painter (d. 1927)
Mar 10th - Karel van de Woestijne, Flemish writer/poet (God at Sea)
Mar 12th - Gemma Galgani, Italian saint
Mar 12th - Joseph Gustav Mraczek, composer
Mar 14th - Carel T Scharten, Dutch poet/writer (Forces of the Future)
Mar 15th - Hanson Carter, cricketer (Yorkshire Aussie WK of early 20th century)
Mar 15th - Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41)
Mar 16th - Clemens A Graaf von Galen, cardinal/bishop of Munster/anti-nazi
Mar 16th - Henry B Walthall, Shelby City AL, actor (Birth of a Nation, Klondike)
Mar 21st - Thurlow Weed Lieurance, composer
Mar 22nd - Michel Théato, Luxembourgian athlete (d. 1919)
Mar 23rd - Franz Schrecker, Austrian composer (Der ferne Klang, Der Schatzgräber)
Mar 24th - Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N-Naeff], Dutch writer
Mar 25th - Henry graaf de Baillet-Latour, Belgian pres of IOC (1925-42)
Mar 25th - Theodore Samuel Holland, composer
Mar 31st - Jack Johnson,1st African American heavyweight boxing champ (1908-1915)
Apr 1st - Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Hyperion/Tabula Rasa)
Apr 2nd - Émilie Charmy, Saint-Etienne France, avant-garde artist
Apr 6th - Carl Emil Theodor Ehrenberg, composer
Apr 6th - Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
Apr 7th - C M M Hathorn, cricketer (South African Test centurion in 1905-06)
Apr 7th - Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)
Apr 8th - Rudolf Nelson, composer
Apr 12th - Richard B Goldschmidt, German/US zoologist
Apr 15th - Robert Walser, writer
Apr 16th - R E "Tip" Foster, cricketer (287 on debut England v Aust SCG 1903)
Apr 21st - Albert Weisgerber, German painter/graphic artist
Apr 22nd - Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
Apr 24th - Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (d. 1958)
Apr 26th - Ethel Griffies, actress (Billy Liar, Birds, We Live Again)
Apr 26th - Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
Apr 27th - Frank Alvin Gotch, American professional wrestler (d. 1917)
Apr 28th - Lionel Barrymore, [Blythe], Phila, actor (Free Soul, Dr Kildare)
May 10th - Gustav Stresemann, German chancellor (1923, Nobel 1926)
May 11th - Jan Machiel Reyskens, oldest male resident of the Netherlands, (d. 1990 aged 111)
May 14th - James L. Wilkinson, American baseball executive (d. 1964)
May 15th - Francisco Pujol, composer
May 16th - Taylor Holmes, Newark NJ, actor (Tobor the Great, Beware My Lovely)
May 19th - Adam von Ahn Carse, composer
May 21st - Glenn Hammond Curtiss, US, inventor (hydroplane)
May 21st - Louis L H de Visser, Dutch MP (CPN)
May 24th - Lillian Moller Gilbreth, engineer (CIOS Gold Medal-1954)
May 25th - Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, actor (Stormy Weather, Little Colonel)
May 28th - Paul Pelliot, French sinologist (d. 1945)
May 30th - Mike Donlin, American baseball player (d. 1933)
Jun 1st - John Masefield, England, 15th poet laureate (Salt-Water Ballads)
Jun 4th - Frank N D Buchman, US theologist (Moral Rearmament)
Jun 5th - Franklyn Farnum, actor (Cowboy & Bandit, Scarlet Car, Frontier Days)

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 1 of 1

Novelist Bram StokerNovelist Bram Stoker (Dec 4th) Dec 4th - Novelist Bram Stoker (31) weds Florence Balcombe (20) in Dublin, Ireland

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 50 of 50

Jan 7th - François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel IIKing of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II (Jan 9th) Jan 9th - Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57
Jan 18th - Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (b. 1788)
Jan 19th - Henri V Regnault, French physicist/chemist, dies at 67
Feb 1st - George Cruikshank, English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
Feb 7th - Pius IX, "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
Feb 8th - Elias M Fries, Swedish botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83
Feb 17th - Jose Amador de los Rios, Spanish historian/poet, dies at 59
Feb 18th - Peter D Regout, industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
Feb 19th - Charles F Daubigny, French restaurateur/painter, dies at 61
Feb 22nd - Franz Hunten, composer, dies at 84
Mar 16th - William Banting, English undertaker, dies
Mar 20th - Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (b. 1814)
Mar 24th - Albin Masek, composer, dies at 73
Mar 27th - Dobri Voynikov, composer, dies at 44
Mar 27th - George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies
Apr 1st - Eugene Gautier, composer, dies at 56
Apr 1st - John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
Apr 4th - Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)
Apr 5th - Wilhelm Speyer, composer, dies at 87
Politician Boss TweedPolitician Boss Tweed (Apr 12th) Apr 12th - William M "Boss" Tweed, NY politician, dies
Apr 21st - Temistocle Solera, composer, dies at 62
Apr 23rd - Friedrich Preller, landscape painter, dies
Apr 25th - Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), dies at 58
May 14th - Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration (b. 1830)
May 22nd - Franz von Holstein, composer, dies at 52
May 27th - Carlo Marsili, composer, dies at 49
May 28th - John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1792)
Jun 6th - Gottfried Herrmann, composer, dies at 70
Jun 6th - Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)
Jun 12th - Hendrik J Jut, Dutch murderer [Head of Jut], dies at 26
Jun 16th - Crawford Long, American physician (b. 1815)
Jun 23rd - George Backing, English sea officer/explorer (B's River), dies at 81
Jun 26th - Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain (b. 1860)
Jul 2nd - Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin, composer, dies at 61
Jul 7th - Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
Jul 17th - Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian/Aust poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
Jul 23rd - Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo, composer, dies at 70
Jul 23rd - Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
Jul 28th - George Law Curry, Newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon (b. 1820)
Aug 17th - Richard Upjohn, US architect, died
Aug 23rd - Adolf Fredrik Lindblad, composer, dies at 77
Sep 9th - Jacobo Ficher, composer, dies at 18
Sep 12th - Friedrich August von Alberti, geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
Oct 25th - Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer, composer, dies at 89
Nov 28th - Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti, composer, dies at 78
Nov 28th - Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
Dec 19th - Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
Dec 25th - Anna Claypoole Peale, US painter of miniatures, dies
Dec 28th - Jose Bernardo Alcedo, composer, dies at 90

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