What Happened in January 1878

Historical Events

  • Jan 4 Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 Secret meeting of King Leopold II's agent & Henry Morton Stanley

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Jan 9 Umberto I becomes King of Italy.
  • Jan 10 US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • Jan 14 US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • Jan 16 Captain Burago with a squadron of Russian Imperial army dragoons liberates Plovdiv from Ottoman rule.
  • Jan 24 Revolutionary Vera Zasulich shoots at Fyodor Trepov, Governor of Saint Petersburg.
  • Jan 28 1st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • Jan 28 George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • Jan 28 Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Edwin Franko Goldman, composer
  • Jan 1 Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)
  • Jan 4 Alfred Edgar Coppard, England, writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
  • Jan 4 Augustus John, Welsh painter (d. 1961)
  • Jan 6 Carl Sandburg, US, poet/biographer of Lincoln (The People, Yes)
  • Jan 6 Dame Adeline Genée, Danish-British ballerina (d. 1970)
  • Jan 9 John Broadus Watson, Travelers Rest South Carolina, American Psychologist (behaviorism approach)
  • Jan 11 Theodorus Pangalos, Greek general/dictator (1926)
  • Jan 12 Ferenc Molnar, Hungarian/US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
  • Jan 13 Lionel Groulx, Canadian nationalist (d. 1967)
  • Jan 14 Victor A D Segalen, [Max Anely], French writer
  • Jan 15 Johanna Muller-Hermann, composer
  • Jan 16 Harry Carey [Henry DeWitt Carey II], American actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jan 16 Robert Garbe, German poet (Gorniek)
  • Jan 17 Oscar Apfel, actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Jan 18 Hendrik Baels, Belgian politician
  • Jan 19 Herbert Chapman, English football player and manager (d. 1934)
  • Jan 20 Finlay Currie, Scotland, actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
  • Jan 21 Egon Friedell, Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)
  • Jan 22 Constance Collier, Windsor England, actress/writer (Kitty, Whirlpool)
  • Jan 22 Francis Picabia, French painter/illustrator
  • Jan 23 Oton Zupancic, Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • Jan 23 Rutland Boughton, composer
  • Jan 25 Ernst Alexanderson, Swedish-born television pioneer (d. 1975)
  • Jan 26 A W "Dave" Nourse, cricketer ("Grand Old Man" of South African cricket)
  • Jan 28 Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski], German composer (Der Juxbaron)
  • Jan 29 Barney Oldfield, Ohio, daredevil
  • Jan 30 Anton Hansen Tammsaare, Estonian author (d. 1940)
  • Jan 31 Willem J M van Eysinga, Dutch international law jurist

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 7 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 9 Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • Jan 18 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist (b. 1788)
  • Jan 19 Henri V Regnault, French physicist/chemist, dies at 67