What Happened in August 1879

Historical Events

  • Aug 4 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
  • Aug 7 The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
  • Aug 12 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
  • Aug 17 Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
  • Aug 20 Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
  • Aug 21 The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.
  • Aug 23 Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 6 Joseph Wirth, German politician (Stalin Peace Prize)
  • Aug 7 J J Kotze, South African cricket fast bowler (1902-07)
  • Aug 8 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
  • Aug 8 Bob Smith, American founder of Alcoholics Anonymous (d. 1950)
  • Aug 13 John N Ireland, English composer/pianist (Mai-Dun)
  • Aug 15 Ethel Barrymore, American classic film & stage actress (Constant Wife, Corn is Green), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Aug 18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian general (d. 1970)
  • Aug 21 Henry Ainley, Leeds England, actor (As You Like It)
  • Aug 23 Alfreds Kalnins, composer
  • Aug 24 Rentaro Taki, composer
  • Aug 29 Han Yong-woon, Hongsung County Korea, Zen teacher
  • Aug 31 Joshihito, emperor of Japan (1912-26)
  • Aug 31 Viktor Alexandrovich Uspensky, composer
  • Aug 31 Alma Mahler, wife of Gustav Mahler, Walter Gropius and Franz Werfel (d. 1964)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 3 Joseph Severn, English painter (b. 1793)
  • Aug 8 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1797)
  • Aug 22 Friedrich August Kummer, composer, dies at 82
  • Aug 27 Rowland Hill, introduced postage stamps, dies at 84
  • Aug 30 John B Hood, confederate general (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
  • Aug 31 William Barber, 6th US chief engraver (1844-79), dies