Today in History for Year 1880

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Months in Year 1880: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 72 of 72

Jan 1st - Building of Panama Canal, begins
Jan 6th - Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
Jan 9th - 6' (1.8 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
Jan 9th - The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
Jan 21st - 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee
Jan 27th - Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
Feb 1st - The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
Feb 2nd - SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
Feb 4th - Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke" premieres in NYC
Feb 4th - The Black donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee
Feb 10th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
Feb 12th - US National Croquet League organizes (Phila)
Feb 13th - Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
Squatter James DonnellySquatter James Donnelly Feb 16th - American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
Feb 17th - Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
Feb 29th - Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
Mar 4th - NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
Mar 10th - Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
Mar 19th - 41st Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
Mar 19th - 42nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
Mar 23rd - Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
Mar 24th - Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
Mar 31st - 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
Apr 9th - 20th British Golf Open: Bob Ferguson shoots a 162 at Musselburgh Links
Apr 18th - An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
Apr 24th - Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
May 18th - 6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37.5
May 28th - 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5
May 31st - League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
Jun 1st - 1st pay telephone installed
Jun 1st - US census at 50,155,783
Jun 7th - War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
Jun 10th - Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
Jun 12th - John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0
Jun 14th - 14th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47
Jun 16th - Salvation Army forms in London
Jun 17th - John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
Jun 24th - First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.
Leader of the Kelly gang Ned KellyLeader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly Jun 28th - Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.
Jun 29th - France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
Jul 15th - 4th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John Hartley beats H Lawford (6-2 6-3 6-2 2-6 6-3)
Jul 16th - Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
Jul 19th - SF Public Library starts lending books
Jul 21st - Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
Jul 23rd - 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
Jul 27th - A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
Jul 27th - Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
Aug 2nd - British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
Aug 14th - Construction of Cologne Cathedral, largest Gothic cathedral in Nthn Europe finally completed (began in 1248)
Sculptor Auguste RodinSculptor Auguste Rodin Aug 16th - The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs
Sep 6th - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket in England, v Australia at The Oval
Sep 6th - W G Grace scores 152 in debut Test Cricket innings, v Aust The Oval
Sep 7th - Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
Sep 9th - President Hayes visits SF
Sep 10th - Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
Sep 23rd - Jules Ferry forms French government
Sep 29th - 1st pro baseball game at Polo Grounds, NY Metropolitans beat Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings
Sep 30th - Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula
Oct 1st - John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band
Oct 4th - University of California founded in Los Angeles
Composer John Philip SousaComposer John Philip Sousa Oct 15th - Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
Oct 15th - Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
Oct 20th - Amsterdam Free University opens
Nov 2nd - James A Garfield (R) elected 20th US President
Nov 8th - Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY's Booth Theater
Nov 11th - Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
Nov 21st - Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
Nov 24th - Southern University forms
Dec 8th - 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
Dec 16th - Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
Dec 20th - Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
20th US President James Garfield20th US President James Garfield Dec 20th - NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 191

Jan 1st - Edie Martin, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt), born in London, England
Jan 1st - Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
Jan 2nd - Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer
Jan 5th - Nicolai Karlovich Medtner, composer
Jan 6th - Tom Mix, Mix Run PA, silent screen cowboy actor (Dick Turpin), (d. 1940)
Jan 6th - Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg, composer
Jan 10th - Eduard M Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
Jan 10th - Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp
Jan 10th - Grock, [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown/circus director
Jan 10th - Manuel Azaña y Diaz, PM/pres of 2nd Spanish republic (1936-39)
Jan 11th - Rudolf T Palm, Curacao, pianist/composer
Jan 17th - Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
Jan 18th - Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
Jan 20th - Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
Jan 24th - Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)
Jan 25th - Francis George Scott, composer
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur (Jan 26th) Jan 26th - Douglas MacArthur, Little Rock Ark, US General (WW II), (d. 1964)
Jan 28th - Herbert Strudwick, cricketer (England wicket-keeper before & after WW I)
Jan 28th - Mary Boland, Phila, US, comedienne/actress (Ruggles of Red Gap)
Jan 29th - W C Fields, [William Claude Dukenfield], Phila, actor (Bank Dick)
Feb 1st - Antonio Guarnieri, composer
Feb 1st - Francesco Balilla Pratella, composer
Feb 3rd - Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
Feb 8th - Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
Feb 9th - Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
Feb 10th - Jesse G Vincent, Arkansas, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine
Feb 12th - John Llewellyn Lewis, union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)
Feb 14th - Aida Overton Walker, US dancer/singer (In Dahomey, Salome)
Feb 14th - Edgar Leslie Bainton, composer
Feb 16th - Frank Burke, American baseball player (d. 1946)
Feb 17th - Alvaro Obregon, general/president Mexico (1920-24)
Feb 18th - Eric De Lamarter, composer
Feb 19th - Arthur Shepherd, composer
Feb 20th - Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
Feb 21st - Frank Orth, Phila Pa, actor (Boston Blackie, Brothers)
Feb 21st - Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
Feb 22nd - Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
Feb 23rd - Edgar Istel, composer
Mar 1st - Julian Myrick, promoter of junior tennis
Mar 1st - Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
Mar 3rd - Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic
Mar 3rd - Florence Auer, American actress (d. 1962)
Mar 4th - Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
Mar 10th - Michael Jacobs, boxing promoter, born in NYC, New York
Mar 11th - Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
Mar 12th - House Peters, England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory)
Mar 12th - Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
Mar 12th - Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
Mar 14th - Oscar (Bachigaloupi) Tourniaire, actor/director (Pink Kate)
Mar 17th - Guillermo Uribe Holguin, composer
Mar 17th - Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
Mar 17th - Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
Mar 21st - Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real)
Mar 21st - Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
Mar 21st - Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
Mar 22nd - Ernie Quigley, Canadian-American sports official (d. 1960)
Mar 23rd - Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
Mar 26th - Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)
Mar 30th - Sean O'Casey, Ireland, playwright (Playboy of the Western World)
Apr 1st - Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
Apr 8th - Victor Schertzinger, composer/director (Uptown NY)
Apr 10th - Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)
Apr 10th - Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
Apr 10th - Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
Apr 13th - Charles Christie, Canadian film studio owner (d. 1955)
Apr 18th - Sam Crawford, baseball player (d. 1968)
Apr 26th - Mikhail Fokine, Russia, choreographer/founder of modern dance
May 1st - Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
May 6th - Baron W Edmund, Archangel & Ironside, British fieldmarshal
May 12th - Lincoln Ellsworth, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights
May 12th - W Hupkes, engineer/director (Dutch Rail 1938)
May 14th - Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
May 15th - Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)
May 16th - Julian Tannen, NY, comedian (Great Moment)
May 19th - Allard R Hulshoff, architect of Amsterdam (1924)
May 21st - Pablo Luna y Carne, composer
May 21st - Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
May 25th - Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist (d. 1967)
May 29th - Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)
Jun 6th - William T Cosgrave, president Irish Free state
Jun 10th - Margit Kaffka, writer
1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin (Jun 11th) Jun 11th - Jeannette Rankin, 1st woman elected to US Congress (Rep-Montana)
Jun 15th - Mahlon Hamilton, VA, actor (Honky Tonk, High School Girl, Mississippi)
Jun 17th - Carl Van Fight, US author/critic (Red, Nigger Heaven)
Jun 17th - Russell Simpson, actor (Abraham Lincoln)
Jun 17th - Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)
Jun 19th - Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung)
Jun 21st - Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
Jun 21st - Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
Jun 26th - Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)
Jun 27th - Helen Keller, Ala, blind-deaf author/lecturer had more sense than many
Jun 29th - Ludwig Beck, chef Germany general staff ("July 20th plot")
Jul 2nd - Albert Szirmai, composer
Author Helen KellerAuthor Helen Keller (Jun 27th) Jul 3rd - Carl Schuricht, composer
Jul 4th - George Mullin, pitcher (Detroit Tigers-no-hitter on 7/4/1912)
Jul 4th - Pat Rooney, vaudevillian/actor (Night Club)
Jul 5th - Jan Kubelik, composer
Jul 12th - Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
Jul 14th - Donald Meek, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), born in Glasgow, Scotland
Jul 18th - Otto Vrieslander, composer

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 5 of 5

Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan PaderewskiPanist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski (Jan 7th) Jan 7th - Pianist Ignacy Jan Paderewski (19) weds Antonina Korsak
Apr 14th - Philosopher John Muir (41) weds Louisa Strentzel
May 16th - British writer Mary Anne Evans, pen name George Eliot, aged 60 marries John Cross, 20 years her junior
May 19th - Novelist Robert Louis Stevenson (29) weds Fanny Van de Grift Osbourne (40) in San Francisco
Oct 27th - Theodore Roosevelt, later 26th US President marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 62 of 62

Jan 4th - Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, dies
Emperor of the USA Emperor NortonEmperor of the USA Emperor Norton (Jan 8th) Jan 8th - Joshua Abraham Norton, [Emperor Norton] Self-proclaimed US Emperor/Protector of Mexico, dies at 60
Jan 27th - Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
Feb 4th - James Donnelly, patriarch of the "Black Donnellys", murdered in the Black Donnelly massacre at 63
Feb 29th - Sir James Wilson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1812, also on 29 February)
Mar 2nd - Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)
Mar 15th - Jan K J de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 51
Mar 23rd - Gustav Adolf Mankell, composer, dies at 67
Mar 25th - Joseph Rummel, composer, dies at 61
Mar 25th - Ludmilla Assing, writer, dies
Mar 26th - Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, composer, dies at 62
Mar 28th - Achille Peri, composer, dies at 67
Mar 29th - Jakob Axel Josephson, composer, dies at 62
Squatter James DonnellySquatter James Donnelly (Feb 4th) Mar 31st - Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violist/composer, dies at 44
Apr 7th - Diederich Krug, composer, dies at 58
Apr 13th - Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
Apr 23rd - Guess Saleh, [Sarief Bastaman], Javanese painter, dies
May 3rd - Jonathan Homer Lane, American astronomer who mathmatically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
May 4th - Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
May 8th - Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
May 9th - Johann Hermann Berens, composer, dies at 54
May 10th - John Goss, composer/organist, dies at 79
May 16th - Karl August Krebs, composer, dies at 76
May 20th - Eugene LFC prince the Ligne, Belgian prince of Ambise, dies at 76
May 22nd - Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician, dies at 80
May 26th - John Curwen, composer, dies at 63
May 31st - Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, dies at 62
Jun 4th - Eugen Adam, painter, dies
Jun 5th - Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Betuwsche Novellen), dies at 52
Jun 16th - James Southerton, cricketer (appeared in England's 1st 2 Tests), dies
Jun 18th - John Sutter, US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
Jun 28th - Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
Jun 29th - George W Vreede, lawyer/politician, dies
Jul 9th - Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
Jul 21st - Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
Jul 22nd - Anna Caroline Oury, composer, dies at 72
Aug 5th - Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
Aug 15th - Adelaide Neilson, English Actress (b. 1848)
Aug 17th - Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist and composer (b. 1810)
Sep 1st - Antoon Jurgens, margarine maker, dies at 75
Sep 15th - William Hauser, composer, dies at 67
Sep 22nd - G F Grace, cricketer (one Test v Australia), dies
Oct 4th - William Lassell, English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune), dies
Oct 5th - Jacques Offenbach, German-born composer (b. 1819)
Oct 6th - Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer, dies
Oct 14th - Victorio, Apache chief/murderer, killed by Mexican army
Oct 16th - Edward Wolff, composer, dies at 64
Nov 7th - Carl Friedrich Weitzmann, composer, dies at 72
Nov 8th - Jacob Edvard Gille, composer, dies at 66
Nov 11th - Lucretia Mott, US quaker (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies
Leader of the Kelly gang Ned KellyLeader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly (Nov 11th) Nov 11th - Ned Kelly, Australian outlaw and bushranger, executed at 25
Nov 19th - Bernard de Hair, vicar/poet/church historian, dies at 74
Nov 24th - Hanri Reber, composer, dies at 73
Nov 26th - Guilherme Antonio Cossoul, composer, dies at 52
Nov 28th - Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)
Dec 2nd - Josephine Lang, composer, dies at 65
Dec 11th - Oliver Fisher Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
Dec 12th - Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
Dec 15th - Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Ital minister of Justice, dies at 76
Dec 22nd - George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], Victorian novelist (Adam Bede), dies on 61st birthday
Dec 25th - Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1828)
Dec 27th - Alessandro Nini, composer, dies at 75

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