What Happened in 1880

Historical Events

  • Jan 1st Building of Panama Canal, begins
  • Jan 6th Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm
  • Jan 9th 6' (1.83 metres) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days
  • Jan 9th The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow.
  • Jan 21st 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 27th Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison
  • Feb 1st The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published.
  • Feb 2nd SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • Feb 4th Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke" premieres in NYC

MurderMurder of Interest

Feb 4th The Black donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Feb 10th Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
  • Feb 12th US National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • Feb 13th Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
  • Feb 16th American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • Feb 17th Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • Feb 29th Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed
  • Mar 4th NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
  • Mar 10th Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity
  • Mar 19th 41st Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • Mar 19th 42nd Grand National: Mr Tommy Beasley IRE aboard Empress IRE wins
  • Mar 23rd Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • Mar 24th Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT
  • Mar 31st 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
  • Apr 9th 20th British Golf Open: Bob Ferguson shoots a 162 at Musselburgh Links
  • Apr 18th An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100.
  • Apr 24th Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England
  • May 18th 6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37.5
  • May 28th 8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5
  • May 31st League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
  • Jun 1st 1st pay telephone installed
  • Jun 1st US census at 50,155,783
  • Jun 7th War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign).
  • Jun 10th Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
  • Jun 12th John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0
  • Jun 14th 14th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47
  • Jun 16th Salvation Army forms in London
  • Jun 17th John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo
  • Jun 24th First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 28th Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • Jun 29th France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • Jul 15th 4th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: John Hartley beats H Lawford (6-2 6-3 6-2 2-6 6-3)
  • Jul 16th Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada.
  • Jul 19th SF Public Library starts lending books
  • Jul 21st Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY
  • Jul 23rd 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • Jul 27th A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • Jul 27th Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • Aug 2nd British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT)
  • Aug 14th Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it was began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 16th The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Auguste Rodin
  • Sep 6th Commencement of 1st Test Cricket in England, v Australia at The Oval
  • Sep 6th W G Grace scores 152 in debut Test Cricket innings, v Aust The Oval
  • Sep 7th Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters
  • Sep 9th President Hayes visits SF
  • Sep 10th Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo
  • Sep 23rd Jules Ferry forms French government
  • Sep 29th 1st pro baseball game at Polo Grounds, NY Metropolitans beat Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings
  • Sep 30th Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1st John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band

  • Oct 4th University of California founded in Los Angeles
  • Oct 15th Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun
  • Oct 15th Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists.
  • Oct 20th Amsterdam Free University opens

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2nd James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Nov 8th Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY's Booth Theater
  • Nov 11th Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol
  • Nov 21st Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo
  • Nov 24th Southern University forms
  • Dec 8th 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • Dec 16th Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
  • Dec 16th Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
  • Dec 20th Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
  • Dec 20th NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 191

  • Jan 1st Edie Martin, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt), born in London, England
  • Jan 1st Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
  • Jan 2nd Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer
  • Jan 5th Nicolai Karlovich Medtner, composer
  • Jan 6th Tom Mix, Mix Run PA, silent screen cowboy actor (Dick Turpin), (d. 1940)
  • Jan 6th Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg, composer
  • Jan 10th Eduard M Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
  • Jan 10th Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp
  • Jan 10th Grock, [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown/circus director
  • Jan 10th Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain (d. 1940)
  • Jan 11th Rudolf T Palm, Curacao, pianist/composer
  • Jan 17th Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
  • Jan 18th Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
  • Jan 20th Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
  • Jan 24th Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)
  • Jan 25th Francis George Scott, Scottish composer, born in Hawick, Roxburghshire (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 26th Douglas MacArthur, Little Rock Ark, US General (WW II), (d. 1964)

WW2 General Douglas MacArthur
WW2 General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Jan 28th Herbert Strudwick, cricketer (England wicket-keeper before & after WW I)
  • Jan 28th Mary Boland, US, comedienne/actress (Ruggles of Red Gap), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 29th W C Fields, [William Claude Dukenfield], actor (Bank Dick), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 1st Antonio Guarnieri, composer
  • Feb 1st Francesco Balilla Pratella, composer
  • Feb 3rd Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
  • Feb 8th Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • Feb 9th Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • Feb 10th Jesse G Vincent, Arkansas, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine
  • Feb 12th John Llewellyn Lewis, union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)
  • Feb 14th Aida Overton Walker, US dancer/singer (In Dahomey, Salome)
  • Feb 14th Edgar Leslie Bainton, composer
  • Feb 16th Frank Burke, American baseball player (d. 1946)
  • Feb 17th Alvaro Obregon, general/president Mexico (1920-24)
  • Feb 18th Eric De Lamarter, composer
  • Feb 19th Arthur Shepherd, composer
  • Feb 20th Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
  • Feb 21st Frank Orth, actor (Boston Blackie, Brothers), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 21st Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
  • Feb 22nd Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
  • Feb 23rd Edgar Istel, German composer, born in Mainz (d. 1948)
  • Mar 1st Julian Myrick, promoter of junior tennis
  • Mar 1st Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • Mar 3rd Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic
  • Mar 3rd Florence Auer, American actress (d. 1962)
  • Mar 4th Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • Mar 10th Michael Jacobs, boxing promoter, born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 11th Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • Mar 12th House Peters, England, silent film actor (Kansas Territory)
  • Mar 12th Nikolaos Georgantas, Greek discus thrower (d. 1958)
  • Mar 12th Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • Mar 14th Oscar (Bachigaloupi) Tourniaire, actor/director (Pink Kate)
  • Mar 17th Guillermo Uribe Holguin, composer
  • Mar 17th Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
  • Mar 17th Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
  • Mar 21st Hans Hofmann, German/US painter (Search for the Real)
  • Mar 21st Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
  • Mar 21st Gilbert M. 'Broncho Billy' Anderson, American actor (d. 1971)
  • Mar 22nd Ernie Quigley, Canadian-American sports official (d. 1960)
  • Mar 23rd Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26th Duncan Hines, US, restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens)
  • Mar 30th Sean O'Casey, Ireland, playwright (Playboy of the Western World)
  • Apr 1st Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • Apr 8th Victor Schertzinger, composer/director (Uptown NY)
  • Apr 10th Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor), (d. 1965)
  • Apr 10th Montague Summers, English writer (d. 1948)
  • Apr 10th Mohammed Nadir Shah, Afghan king (d. 1933)
  • Apr 13th Charles Christie, Canadian film studio owner (d. 1955)
  • Apr 18th Sam Crawford, baseball player (d. 1968)
  • Apr 26th Mikhail Fokine, Russia, choreographer/founder of modern dance
  • May 1st Conrad Weiss, German writer/poet (Tantum dic verbo)
  • May 6th Baron W Edmund, Archangel & Ironside, British fieldmarshal
  • May 12th Lincoln Ellsworth, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights
  • May 12th W Hupkes, engineer/director (Dutch Rail 1938)
  • May 14th Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
  • May 15th Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)
  • May 16th Julian Tannen, NY, comedian (Great Moment)
  • May 19th Allard R Hulshoff, architect of Amsterdam (1924)
  • May 21st Pablo Luna y Carne, composer
  • May 21st Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • May 25th Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist (d. 1967)
  • May 29th Oswald Spengler, Germany, philosopher (Decline of West)
  • Jun 6th William T Cosgrave, president Irish Free state
  • Jun 10th Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer (Colors and Years), born in Nagykároly (d. 1918)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 11th Jeannette Rankin, 1st woman elected to US Congress (R-Montana), born in Missoula, Montana (d. 1973)

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • Jun 15th Mahlon Hamilton, VA, actor (Honky Tonk, High School Girl, Mississippi)
  • Jun 17th Carl Van Fight, US author/critic (Red, Nigger Heaven)
  • Jun 17th Russell Simpson, actor (Abraham Lincoln)
  • Jun 17th Carl Van Vechten, American writer and photographer (d. 1964)
  • Jun 19th Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung)
  • Jun 21st Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician (d. 1961)
  • Jun 21st Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker (d. 1941)
  • Jun 26th Natalia, Princess Brassova (d. 1952)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 27th Helen Keller, American blind-deaf author and lecturer, born in Tuscumbia, Alabama (d. 1968)

Author Helen Keller
Helen Keller
  • Jun 29th Ludwig Beck, chef Germany general staff ("July 20th plot")
  • Jul 2nd Albert Szirmai, composer
  • Jul 3rd Carl Schuricht, composer
  • Jul 4th George Mullin, pitcher (Detroit Tigers-no-hitter on 7/4/1912)
  • Jul 4th Pat Rooney, vaudevillian/actor (Night Club)
  • Jul 5th Jan Kubelik, Czech composer and violinist, born in Michle (d. 1940)
  • Jul 12th Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
  • Jul 14th Donald Meek, actor (Stage Fair, Stagecoach), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Jul 18th Otto Vrieslander, composer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 7th Pianist Ignacy Jan Paderewski (19) weds Antonina Korsak

Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister Ignacy Jan Paderewski
Panist, Composer and Polish Prime Minister
Ignacy Jan Paderewski

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 14th Philosopher John Muir (41) weds Louisa Strentzel

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • May 16th British writer Mary Anne Evans, (pen name George Eliot), aged 60 marries John Cross, 20 years her junior

HeartWedding of Interest

May 19th Novelist Robert Louis Stevenson (29) weds Fanny Van de Grift Osbourne (40) in San Francisco

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 27th Theodore Roosevelt, later 26th US President marries Alice Hathaway Lee, on his 22nd birthday

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4th Anselm Feuerbach, German painter, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 8th Joshua Abraham Norton, [Emperor Norton] Self-proclaimed US Emperor/Protector of Mexico, dies at 60

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • Jan 27th Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)

MurderMurder of Interest

Feb 4th James Donnelly, patriarch of the "Black Donnellys", murdered in the Black Donnelly massacre at 63

Squatter James Donnelly
James Donnelly
  • Feb 29th Sir James Wilson, Premier of Tasmania (b. 1812, also on 29 February)
  • Mar 2nd Sir John MacNeill, Irish civil engineer (b. 1790)
  • Mar 15th Jan K J de Jonge, Dutch historian, dies at 51
  • Mar 23rd Gustav Adolf Mankell, composer, dies at 67
  • Mar 25th Joseph Rummel, composer, dies at 61
  • Mar 25th Ludmilla Assing, writer, dies
  • Mar 26th Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras, composer, dies at 62
  • Mar 28th Achille Peri, composer, dies at 67
  • Mar 29th Jakob Axel Josephson, composer, dies at 62
  • Mar 31st Henryk Wieniawski, Polish violist/composer, dies at 44
  • Apr 7th Diederich Krug, composer, dies at 58
  • Apr 13th Robert Fortune, Scottish botanist (b. 1813)
  • Apr 23rd Guess Saleh, [Sarief Bastaman], Javanese painter, dies
  • May 3rd Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, dies at 60
  • May 4th Edward Clark, Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
  • May 8th Gustave Flaubert, French novelist (b. 1821)
  • May 9th Johann Hermann Berens, composer, dies at 54
  • May 10th John Goss, English composer and organist (Praise, My Soul, the King of Heaven), dies at 79
  • May 16th Karl August Krebs, composer, dies at 76
  • May 20th Eugene LFC prince the Ligne, Belgian prince of Ambise, dies at 76
  • May 22nd Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern, German liberal politician, dies at 80
  • May 26th John Curwen, English Congregationalist minister and founder of Tonic sol-fa music system, dies at 63
  • May 31st Hippolyte Mège-Mouriés, French chemist and inventor of margarine, dies at 62
  • Jun 4th Eugen Adam, painter, dies
  • Jun 5th Jacobus J Cremer, painter/author (Betuwsche Novellen), dies at 52
  • Jun 16th James Southerton, cricketer (appeared in England's 1st 2 Tests), dies
  • Jun 18th John Sutter, US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
  • Jun 28th Texas Jack Omohundro, American frontier scout, actor, and cowboy (b. 1846)
  • Jun 29th George W Vreede, lawyer/politician, dies
  • Jul 9th Paul Broca, French physician and anatomist (b. 1824)
  • Jul 21st Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
  • Jul 22nd Anna Caroline Oury, composer, dies at 72
  • Aug 5th Ferdinand Ritter von Hebra, Austrian physician (b. 1816)
  • Aug 15th Adelaide Neilson, English stage actress (Julia-The Hunchback), dies while horse riding at 32
  • Aug 17th Ole Bull, Norwegian violinist and composer (b. 1810)
  • Sep 1st Antoon Jurgens, margarine maker, dies at 75
  • Sep 15th William Hauser, composer, dies at 67
  • Sep 22nd G F Grace, cricketer (one Test v Australia), dies
  • Oct 4th William Lassell, English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune), dies
  • Oct 5th Jacques Offenbach, German-born composer (b. 1819)
  • Oct 6th Benjamin Pierce, US mathematician/astronomer, dies
  • Oct 14th Victorio, Apache chief/murderer, killed by Mexican army
  • Oct 16th Edward Wolff, composer, dies at 64
  • Nov 7th Carl Friedrich Weitzmann, composer, dies at 72
  • Nov 8th Jacob Edvard Gille, composer, dies at 66
  • Nov 11th Lucretia Mott, US quaker (1st Woman's Rights Convention), dies


Nov 11th Ned Kelly, Australian outlaw and bushranger, executed at 25

Leader of the Kelly gang Ned Kelly
Leader of the Kelly gang
Ned Kelly
  • Nov 19th Bernard de Hair, vicar/poet/church historian, dies at 74
  • Nov 24th Napoléon Henri Reber, French composer, dies at 73
  • Nov 26th Guilherme Antonio Cossoul, composer, dies at 52
  • Nov 28th Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, (Portuguese) Archbishop of Goa (b. 1837)
  • Dec 2nd Josephine Lang, composer, dies at 65
  • Dec 11th Oliver Fisher Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
  • Dec 12th Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • Dec 15th Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello, Italian minister of Justice, dies at 76
  • Dec 22nd George Eliot [Mary Anne Evans], English novelist (Adam Bede, Middlemarch), dies on her 61st birthday
  • Dec 25th Fridolin Anderwert, Swiss Federal Councillor (b. 1828)
  • Dec 27th Alessandro Nini, composer, dies at 75