What Happened in July 1881

Historical Events

  • Jul 1 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
  • Jul 1 US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
  • Jul 1 General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 US President James Garfield shot by Charles J. Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
Assassin Charles J. Guiteau
Assassin
Charles J. Guiteau

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 4 Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • Jul 13 5th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats J Hartley (6-0 6-1 6-1)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 20 Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops

Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull
Lakota Sioux Chief
Sitting Bull
  • Jul 26 French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax

Famous Birthdays

  • Jul 1 Piet[er] L Kramer, influential Dutch architect (Amsterdam School), born in Amstersam, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Jul 2 Royal H. Weller, American politician (d. 1929)
  • Jul 3 Leon Errol, Australian actor (Ziegfeld Follies, What a Blonde!)
  • Jul 4 Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier (d. 1968)
  • Jul 5 Augustyn Hlond, Polish cardinal
  • Jul 6 Josef Winckler, German dentist/writer (Quadriga, Pumpernickel)
  • Jul 9 Richard Hageman, Dutch born American pianist, composer and conductor (Caponsacchi), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Jul 12 Ludwig Rubiner, writer [or June 12]
  • Jul 18 Larry McLean, baseball player (d. 1921)
  • Jul 19 Adriaan J Zoetmulder, Dutch writer/directer (Eindhovens Dagblad)
  • Jul 19 Friedrich J H Dessauer, German physicist (radiologist)
  • Jul 20 Leon de Smet, Flemish painter
  • Jul 26 Alexander J. Kropholler, Dutch architect and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1973)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 27 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), born in Munich, Germany (d. 1945)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Jul 30 Smedley Butler, American Marine general (d. 1940)

Famous Deaths

  • Jul 4 Johan Vilhelm Snellman, Finnish statesman (b. 1806)
  • Jul 10 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 14 Billy the Kid, [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, dies of gunshot wounds at 21

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • Jul 15 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
  • Jul 17 Jim Bridger, American mountain man, Indian fighter, and explorer (b. 1804)
  • Jul 19 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, dies at 67
  • Jul 20 Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh, dies
  • Jul 26 George Borrow, writer, dies
  • Jul 27 Johann Christian Lobe, composer, dies at 84