What Happened in August 1883

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 A papyrus offered to British Museum for £10,000 (forgery)
  • Aug 1 Amsterdam's Grand Hotel Krasnapolsky gets electric lights
  • Aug 1 Inland postal service begins in Great Britain
  • Aug 12 The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
  • Aug 17 The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
  • Aug 21 Providence shuts out Phillies 28-0
  • Aug 23 Philadelphia Phillies make 27 errors against Providence (wild pitches, walks and passballs counted as errors prior to 1888)
  • Aug 24 3rd U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats James Dwight (6-2, 6-0, 9-7)
  • Aug 27 Krakatoa, west of Java, explodes with a force of 1,300 megatons and kills approximately 40,000 people
  • Aug 29 Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 6 Francesco Santoliquido, composer
  • Aug 6 Scott Nearing, US sociologist/pacifist/author (The Good Life)
  • Aug 7 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • Aug 9 George Hoyt, NBA hall of fame referee (elected 1961)
  • Aug 10 Carlos Lavin, composer
  • Aug 11 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), born in Colmar, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1914)
  • Aug 12 Jan Schouten, Dutch co-founder (Daily Trouw)/chairman (ARP)
  • Aug 12 Pauline Frederick, American actress (Thank You, Mr. Moto), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • Aug 14 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially fertilization and cell division, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1941)
  • Aug 15 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, born in Vrpolje, Croatia (d. 1962)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 19 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel), born in Saumur, France (d. 1971)

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel
  • Aug 19 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
  • Aug 19 Elsie Ferguson, American film actress (Footlights, Scarlet Pages), born in NYC, New York (d. 1961)
  • Aug 19 Leonid Kulik, Tartu Estonia, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history
  • Aug 23 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American army officer, born in Fort Walla Walla, Washington (d. 1953)
  • Aug 28 E. E. Clive, Welsh actor (Night Must Fall, Dark Hour), born in Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • Aug 30 Theo Van Doesburg, [Christian EM Kupper], painter/architect (Style)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classic scholar, dies
  • Aug 12 Last Quagga, (zebra with less slashes), dies in Amsterdam zoo
  • Aug 19 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (b. 1810)
  • Aug 27 August Friedrich Pott, composer, dies at 76