What Happened in 1884

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 101

  • Jan 4 Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • Jan 4 The Fabian Society is founded in London.
  • Jan 8 Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • Jan 18 General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • Jan 18 Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom.
  • Jan 19 Jules Massenet's opera "Manon" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 26 1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • Feb 1 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • Feb 7 Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
  • Feb 18 General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 18 Police seize all copies of tolstoy's "What I Believe In"

Novelist Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
  • Feb 19 Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people
  • Feb 26 British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • Mar 8 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite
  • Mar 8 Susan B. Anthony addresses the U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote. Anthony's argument came 16 years after legislators had first introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment.
  • Mar 12 Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • Mar 13 Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months
  • Mar 13 US adopts Standard Time
  • Mar 17 John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif
  • Mar 27 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • Mar 28 46th Grand National: Mr Ted Wilson aboard Voluptuary wins
  • Apr 2 London prison for debtors closed
  • Apr 10 US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
  • Apr 20 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • Apr 21 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • Apr 22 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos)
  • Apr 22 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Apr 24 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • May 1 Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
  • May 1 Moses Walker became 1st African American player in major league baseball in US
  • May 1 Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
  • May 13 Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York
  • May 14 Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • May 16 10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40.25
  • May 17 Alaska becomes a US territory
  • May 19 Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • May 22 1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
  • May 23 12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5
  • May 24 Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People's Party in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 26 Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 & 7-3 v England XI in 4 hours

Cricketer Fred Spofforth
Fred Spofforth
  • May 29 1st steam cable trams start in highgate
  • May 31 Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
  • Jun 3 John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party national convention chair
  • Jun 4 18th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Panique wins in 2:42
  • Jun 5 William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated & will not serve if elected"
  • Jun 16 1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY)
  • Jun 24 John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention
  • Jul 3 Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average
  • Jul 4 1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
  • Jul 4 Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris
  • Jul 5 German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon
  • Jul 5 US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act
  • Jul 10 1st Test Cricket to be played at Old Trafford 1st day washed out
  • Jul 19 8th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-0 6-4 9-7)
  • Jul 21 1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's
  • Jul 27 The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system
  • Aug 2 Dutch Queen Emma appointed regent
  • Aug 5 Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (NYC)
  • Aug 7 Germany annexes Angra Pequena (Southwest-Africa)
  • Aug 11 1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Aust
  • Aug 12 Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval
  • Aug 27 4th U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats Howard Taylor (6-0, 1-6, 6-0, 6-2)
  • Aug 28 First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, SD
  • Aug 28 Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces
  • Aug 30 Jack "Nonpareil" Dempsey wins middleweight title in 1st fight with boxing gloves
  • Sep 4 Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia.
  • Sep 10 Congressman John R Lynch presides over Republican National Convention
  • Sep 20 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
  • Sep 20 Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for US President and Vice President
  • Sep 23 American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing
  • Sep 24 Dixey, Rice & Gill's musical "Adonis" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 26 Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed
  • Oct 3 24th British Golf Open: Jack Simpson shoots a 160 at Prestwick Golf Club
  • Oct 6 Naval War College forms in Newport RI
  • Oct 13 Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 14 George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • Oct 22 General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
  • Oct 22 Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series Oct 23-25 at Polo Grounds NYC to determine baseball champion
  • Oct 22 International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian
  • Oct 23 1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats NY Mets (AA) 6-0
  • Oct 25 1st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps NY Mets (AA) in 3
  • Oct 27 Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC
  • Nov 1 The Gaelic Athletic Association is founded to promote Irish sport and games; The association denies membership to the police and army and is immediately infiltrated by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 4 Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term. The only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Nov 6 British protectorate proclaimed over southeast New Guinea
  • Nov 6 Montreal Foot Ball Club (QFRU) defeats Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) 30-0 in 1st CRFU Championship game
  • Nov 8 German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Nov 15 Colonization of Africa orgainized at international conference in Berlin
  • Nov 17 Cops arrest John L Sullivan in 2nd round for being "cruel"
  • Nov 22 T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper
  • Nov 25 John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk
  • Dec 1 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
  • Dec 6 Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Wash, DC
  • Dec 9 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain is first published in the UK and Canada (US Feb 1885, due to printing error)

Author Mark Twain
Mark Twain
  • Dec 12 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • Dec 16 Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 19 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 27 Netherlands recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 234

  • Jan 2 Jacques Chardonne, [Boutelleau], French writer (l'Epithalame)
  • Jan 3 Eli S Jones, US, evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
  • Jan 3 Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski, composer
  • Jan 10 James Philip Dunn, composer
  • Jan 12 Louis Horst, American dance choreographer and composer, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1964)
  • Jan 12 Texas Guinan, American actress (d. 1933)
  • Jan 13 Johannes Elsensohn, Dutch actor/writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan)
  • Jan 13 Sophie Tucker, [Kalish] "last of red hot mammas", Russian-born American singer, born in Tulchyn, Russian Empire (d. 1966)
  • Jan 18 Arthur Ransome, English author (Swallows & Amazons)
  • Jan 19 Albert Louis Wolff, composer
  • Jan 20 A[braham P] Merritt, US, sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
  • Jan 21 Katie Sandwina, Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter
  • Jan 21 Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • Jan 23 Ralph DePalma, Italian-American race car driver (d. 1956)
  • Jan 25 Edward Kilenyi, composer
  • Jan 26 Edward Sapir, Germany, linguist/antropologist (indians)
  • Jan 26 Roy Chapman Andrews, US, scientist/explorer
  • Jan 28 Auguste Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard
  • Jan 28 Jean Felix Piccard, Switzerland, scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard
  • Jan 28 Lucien H d'Azambuja, France, astronomer (chromosome of sun)
  • Jan 29 Juhan Aavic, Estonian composer, born in Holstre, Russian Empire (d. 1982)
  • Jan 31 Nicholas Joy, actor (Boss Lady), born in Paris, France
  • Jan 31 Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • Feb 1 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russia, novelist/playwright (We)
  • Feb 2 Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/General Spanish rep army
  • Feb 2 S Z Sakall, Budapest Hungary, actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca)
  • Feb 4 Julius Callewaert, Flemish dominican/bringing up children
  • Feb 4 Rolland Beaumont, cricketer (South African batsman in 5 tests 1912-14)
  • Feb 8 Reginald Baker, Australian athlete and actor (d. 1953)
  • Feb 9 Frederik Gerretson, [Geerten Gossaert], Dutch poet/politician)
  • Feb 10 Herbert Hordern, cricketer (pioneering leggie for Aust & Philadelphia)
  • Feb 10 Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1976)
  • Feb 12 Max Beckmann, German painter/graphic artist
  • Feb 12 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • Feb 12 Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
  • Feb 13 Alfred Carlton Gilbert, American athlete, inventor, and businessman (d. 1961)
  • Feb 14 Hezekiah M. Washburn, missionary (d. 1972)
  • Feb 14 Joe Jagersberger, Austrian racing driver (d. 1952)
  • Feb 14 Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet (d. 1974)
  • Feb 16 Robert Flaherty, Father of documentary film (Nanook of North), born in Iron Mountain, Michegan (d. 1957)
  • Feb 17 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish minister of Internal affairs (1940)
  • Feb 18 Burt Mustin, actor ("All in the Family", "The Andy Griffith Show"), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Feb 18 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • Feb 22 Abraham "Abe" Attell, boxing hall of famer
  • Feb 23 Frank Cellier, Surbiton England, actor (Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade)
  • Feb 23 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
  • Feb 26 Christina A A [Dina] Koudijs-van Appeldoorn, pianist/composer
  • Feb 26 Dina Appeldoorn, composer
  • Feb 26 Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
  • Feb 29 Alfred Sendrey, composer
  • Mar 2 Leon Jongen, Belgian composer, born in Liege (d. 1969)
  • Mar 4 Red Murray, American professional baseball player (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 6 Molla Mallory, Norwegian tennis player (eight-time U.S. Open champion), born in Mosvik, Norway (d. 1959)

Tennis Player and Eight-Time U.S. Open Champion Molla Mallory
Tennis Player and Eight-Time U.S. Open Champion
Molla Mallory
  • Mar 10 Stuart Holmes, actor (Prisoner of Zenda), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Mar 11 Jan Lemaire, Dutch writer/actor (Beautiful Juliet)
  • Mar 11 Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (d. 1974)
  • Mar 13 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit)
  • Mar 13 Hugh S Walpole, NZ, novelist/playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40)
  • Mar 13 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926)
  • Mar 14 Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist
  • Mar 14 Winter Haynes Watts, composer
  • Mar 15 Rudolf Piskacek, composer
  • Mar 16 Harrison Ford, silent screen actor (Rubber Tires, Vanity Fair, Love In High Gear), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Mar 17 Alcide Nunez, American jazz clarinetist (d. 1934)
  • Mar 18 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (d. 1968)
  • Mar 21 George D Birkhoff, US mathematician (Aesthetic measure)
  • Mar 23 Glauco Velasquez, composer
  • Mar 24 Gino Marinuzzi, composer
  • Mar 24 Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
  • Mar 25 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (d. 1950)
  • Mar 26 Wilhelm Backhaus, Leipzig Germany, pianist (Rubinstein 1905)
  • Mar 31 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • Apr 1 Laurette Taylor, [Helen LM Cooney], US actress (Broadway)
  • Apr 2 Sir John Squire, British poet, writer, and historian (d. 1958))
  • Apr 3 Jackie Matthews, cricketer (Aust leg-spinner, two hat-tricks 1912)
  • Apr 4 Isoroku Yamamoto, Marshall Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet (WWII), born in Nagaoka, Niigata (d. 1943)
  • Apr 6 Walter Huston, Tor, actor (Maltese Falcon, Treasure of Sierra Madre)
  • Apr 7 Charles Dodd, English new testament authority
  • Apr 7 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter
  • Apr 9 Franco Vittadini, composer
  • Apr 12 Otto Meyerhof, Germany, psychologist/biochemist (Nobel-1922)
  • Apr 12 Tenby Davies, Welsh world champion runner (d. 1932)
  • Apr 17 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob
  • Apr 18 Magda Janssens, Flemish/Neth actress/acting teacher (Maria Stuart)
  • Apr 20 Princess Beatrice of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1966)
  • Apr 22 Armas Emmanuel Launis, composer
  • Apr 22 John van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Died Sept 3, 1992)
  • Apr 26 Harry Sothern, actor (Dr Huer-Buck Rogers)
  • Apr 27 Louis de Bree, [Louis C Davids], actor (Bluejackets)
  • Apr 30 Albert Israel Elkus, composer
  • May 1 Felipe Boero, composer
  • May 1 Francis Curzon, 5th Earl Howe, British politician, naval officer and racing driver (d. 1964)
  • May 2 Francois de Vries, Dutch economist
  • May 5 Wang Tjing-Wei, premier China (1932-35)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 8 Harry Truman, 33rd US President (D - 1945-53), born in Lamar, Missouri (d. 1972)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • May 19 Arthur Meulemans, Belgian composer (Adriaan Brouwer) (or 5/10)
  • May 21 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • May 22 Alceo Toni, Italian composer, born in Lugo di Romagna (d. 1969)
  • May 23 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • May 26 Charles Winninger, Athens Wisc, actor (Charlie Farrell Show)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 19 Painter Thomas Eakins (39) weds painter and photographer Susan Macdowell (32) in a Quaker ceremony

Painter Thomas Eakins
Thomas Eakins

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 24 Abolutionist Frederick Douglass marries 2nd wife suffragist Helen Pitts

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Frederick Douglass
  • May 1 "Poems of Passion" author Ella Wheeler Wilcox (33) weds Robert M. Wilcox in Milwaukee, Wisconsin

HeartWedding of Interest

May 3 Mechanical engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor (28) weds Louise M. Spooner

Mechanical Engineer Frederick Winslow Taylor
Mechanical Engineer
Frederick Winslow Taylor

HeartWedding of Interest

May 29 Irish writer Oscar Wilde marries Constance Lloyd at St. James Church, Paddington, London

Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde
Oscar Wilde

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 1 Politician William Jennings Bryan (24) weds Mary sweetheart Elizabeth Baird

US Politician William Jennings Bryan
US Politician
William Jennings Bryan

Famous Deaths

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 6 Gregor Mendel, Austrian Augustine monk/heredity pioneer, dies at 61

Monk/Geneticist Gregor Mendel
Gregor Mendel
  • Jan 6 Paul Taglioni, "the Great," Ital/Austrian choreographer, dies at 75
  • Jan 17 Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (b. 1804)
  • Jan 21 Auguste Franchomme, composer, dies at 75
  • Jan 24 Johann Christian Gebauer, composer, dies at 75
  • Feb 8 Arnold Henry Guyot, Swiss/US geologist/meteorologist, dies at 76
  • Feb 21 John Pike Hullah, composer, dies at 71
  • Feb 23 Tambo Tambo, Australian aboriginal/US circus attaction, dies at 23
  • Mar 1 Isaac Todhunter, English mathematician (b. 1820)
  • Mar 13 Leland Stanford, Jr., son of American railroad magnate, Stanford University named for him (b. 1868)
  • Mar 14 Quintino Sella, Italian statesman (b. 1827)
  • Mar 19 Alfonse Charles Renaud de Vilback, composer, dies at 54
  • Mar 21 Ezra Abbot, American bible scholar (b. 1819)
  • Mar 30 Hans Hampel, Czech composer, dies at 61
  • Mar 31 Jan T Beelen, Neth/Belgian catholic bible expert, dies at 77
  • Apr 3 Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • Apr 4 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian artist and diarist (b. 1860)
  • Apr 5 John Wisden, publisher/cricketer (prominent Sussex player), dies
  • Apr 6 Emanuel Geibel, writer, dies at 68
  • Apr 7 Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe, Flemish poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80
  • May 7 Judah P Benjamin, confederate minister of War, dies at 72
  • May 9 Hermanus W Witteveen, theologist, dies at 69
  • May 12 Bedrich Friedrich Smetana, Czech composer (2 Widows), dies at 60

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 13 Cyrus Hall McCormick, American inventor (mechanical reaper), dies at 75

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus Hall McCormick
  • May 17 Louis Brassin, composer, dies at 43
  • Jun 8 Henry Clay Work, composer, dies at 51
  • Jun 18 Juan B Alberdi, [Figarillo], Argentine writer (Crime of War), dies at 74
  • Jun 21 Alexander, prince/last male descendent of Johan W Friso, dies
  • Jun 25 Hans Rott, Austrian composer, dies at 25
  • Jul 5 Victor Masse, composer, dies at 62
  • Jul 10 Paul Charles Morphy, US lawyer/chess wizard, dies at 47
  • Jul 18 Ferdinand von Hochstetter, Austrian geologist (b. 1829)
  • Aug 1 Heinrich Laube, writer, dies
  • Aug 6 Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman (b. 1812)
  • Aug 14 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African shipping agent/linguist, dies at 46
  • Sep 17 Louis Schubert, composer, dies at 56
  • Sep 20 Leopold Fitzinger, Austrian zoologist (b.1802)
  • Sep 28 Fred Morley, cricket lefty quick (16 wkts in 4 Tests for Eng), dies
  • Sep 30 Louis Lacombe, composer, dies at 65
  • Oct 3 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • Oct 31 Marie Bashkirtseff, Russian painter (b. 1858)
  • Nov 2 Auguste Emmanuel Vaucorbeil, composer, dies at 62
  • Nov 11 Alfred Brehm German zoologist (b. 1827)
  • Nov 16 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (b. 1835)
  • Nov 27 Franziska "Fanny" Elssler, Austrian ballerina/choreography, dies at 74
  • Dec 1 William Swainson (lawyer), second, and last, Attorney-General (New Zealand) of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (b. 1809)
  • Dec 4 Alice Mary Smith, composer, dies at 45
  • Dec 28 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist/publisher, dies at 56