What Happened in December 1884

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Society of Independent Artists hold 1st exhibition in Polychrome Pavilion, Paris, includes Georges Seurat's "Bathers at Asnières"

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat
  • Dec 6 Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Washington, D.C.
  • Dec 9 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain is first published in the UK and Canada (US Feb 1885, due to printing error)

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Dec 12 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • Dec 16 Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 19 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 24 Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 27 Netherlands recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • Dec 30 Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig
  • Dec 30 William Morris, Eleanor Marx, and others establish the Socialist League, a revolutionary organization in the UK

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 Torben Myer, Copenhagen Denmark, actor (Girl Who Came Back)
  • Dec 1 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)
  • Dec 2 Ruth Draper, American lecture artist [or 1989]
  • Dec 3 Rajendra Prasad, first President of India (d. 1963)
  • Dec 3 Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1965)
  • Dec 5 Evert Cornelis, Dutch conductor/pianist
  • Dec 6 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • Dec 10 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian-born painter (d. 1967)
  • Dec 14 Regina Ullmann, writer
  • Dec 14 Jane Cowl, American actress and playwright (Smilin' Through), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1950)
  • Dec 18 Philippe van Isacker, Belgian minister
  • Dec 19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • Dec 19 Ferdinando Liuzzi, composer
  • Dec 20 Marius HLW "Max" Blokzijl, Dutch nazi collaborator/traitor
  • Dec 25 [Florence] Evelyn Nesbit, American actress, born in Tarentum, Pennsylvania (d. 1967)
  • Dec 27 Bernard van Dieren, composer
  • Dec 28 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
  • Dec 30 Karl Heinrich David, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 30 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), born in Tokyo (d. 1948)

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • Dec 31 Bobby Byrne, American baseball player (d. 1964)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 1 William Swainson (lawyer), second, and last, Attorney-General (New Zealand) of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (b. 1809)
  • Dec 4 Alice Mary Smith, composer, dies at 45
  • Dec 28 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist/publisher, dies at 56