What Happened in 1886

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California)
  • Jan 15 Weekly Herald, 1st newspaper in Vancouver, BC, publishes 1st issue
  • Jan 18 Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England.
  • Jan 19 Aurora Ski Club, 1st in US, founded in Minnesota

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • Jan 27 First British government of Salisbury resigns
  • Jan 29 1st successful gasoline powered car patented by Karl Benz in Karlsruhe, Germany

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 9 US President Grover Cleveland declares a state of emergency in Seattle because of anti-Chinese violence

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland
  • Feb 12 2nd British government of Salisbury forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Feb 13 Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class

Painter Thomas Eakins
Thomas Eakins
  • Feb 23 Aluminum manufacturing process developed
  • Feb 23 London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • Feb 23 Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred" premieres
  • Mar 1 The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
  • Mar 6 1st US alternating current power plant starts, Great Barrington, MA
  • Mar 6 1st US nurses' magazine, The Nightingale, 1st appears, NYC
  • Mar 17 Carrollton Massacre (Mississippi) 20 African Americans killed
  • Mar 20 1st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Mass
  • Mar 26 1st cremation in England
  • Mar 26 48th Grand National: Tommy Skelton aboard Old Joe wins
  • Apr 6 City of Vancouver BC incorporated
  • Apr 6 Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 8 William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • Apr 8 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland presented by Gladstone, the Liberal Prime Minister of Britain, to the House of Commons

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 25 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud
  • Apr 29 1st public Dutch electricity opens
  • May 1 US general strike for 8-hour working day begins
  • May 3 M A Maclean elected 1st mayor of Vancouver, BC
  • May 4 Haymarket riot in Chicago; bomb kills 7 policemen
  • May 5 The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as militia fire upon a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven.
  • May 8 Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta sells first Coca-Cola (contained cocaine)
  • May 14 12th Kentucky Derby: Paul Duffy aboard Ben Ali wins in 2:36.50
  • May 19 Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Symphony in C premieres
  • May 21 14th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Bard wins in 2:45
  • May 29 Chemist John Pemberton begins to advertise Coca-Cola
  • Jun 1 The railroads of the Southern United States convert 11,000 miles of track from a five foot rail gauge to standard gauge, beginning May 31.
  • Jun 2 Grover Cleveland is 1st to wed during presidency (Frances Folsom)
  • Jun 3 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda
  • Jun 5 20th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Inspector B wins in 2:41
  • Jun 8 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland defeated by 343 votes to 313 in the British House of Common
  • Jun 10 Eruption of Tarawera volcano destroys famous pink & white calcium carbonate hot-spring terraces (North Island, New Zealand)
  • Jun 13 Fire destroys nearly 1,000 buildings in Vancouver, BC
  • Jun 13 King Ludwig II of Bavaria found dead in Lake Starnberg south of Munich at 11:30 PM at 40. Builder of palace of Neuschwanstein and patron of Wagner
  • Jul 3 1st NY Tribune printing using 1st commercial linotype machine
  • Jul 3 In Germany, Karl Benz drives 1st automobile
  • Jul 4 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Pt Moody, BC
  • Jul 6 Horlick's of Wisconsin offers 1st malted milk to public
  • Jul 10 George Goldie gets charter for Royal Niger Company
  • Jul 17 10th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-0 5-7 6-3 6-4)
  • Jul 23 Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge
  • Jul 24 China takes British protectorate of Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 British government led by Lord Salisbury forms

British Prime Minister Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
British Prime Minister
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
  • Aug 1 Great Britain annexes Kermadec-Island near New Zealand
  • Aug 4 Colombia adopts constitution
  • Aug 12 W G Grace made his highest Test Cricket score, v Aust, The Oval

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Aug 15 Guy Hecker scores 7 runs in 1 game
  • Aug 18 Carr Baker Neel & Samuel Neel win US Lawn Tennis Association doubles
  • Aug 25 1st international polo meet (US vs England)
  • Aug 28 6th U.S. Men's National Championship: Richard Sears beats R. Livingston Beeckman (4-6, 6-1, 6-3, 6-4)
  • Aug 31 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die
  • Aug 31 Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized
  • Sep 1 Netherland's New Code of Criminal Law enforced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war

Apache Leader Geronimo
Apache Leader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 6 Queen Victoria establishes Distinguished Service Order (DSO)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
  • Sep 9 The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
  • Sep 11 Mayflower (US) beats Galatea (England) in 7th America's Cup
  • Sep 14 George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee, patents typewriter ribbon
  • Sep 25 Comedy opera "Dorothy" first produced in London
  • Oct 1 US mint at Carson City, Nevada, closes
  • Oct 6 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Resident Patient" (BG)
  • Oct 7 Spain abolishes slavery in Cuba
  • Oct 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Noble Bachelor" (BG)
  • Oct 10 1st dinner jacket (tuxedo) worn to autumn ball at Tuxedo Park, NY
  • Oct 12 Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
  • Oct 12 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG)
  • Oct 15 Modest Mussorgsky's musical fantasy "Night on Bald Mountain" premieres in St. Petersburg's Kononov Hall, Russia
  • Oct 23 St Louis Browns win World Championship by beating Chicago 4-3 in 10
  • Oct 28 Statue of Liberty dedicated by US President Grover Cleveland, celebrated by first confetti (ticker tape) parade in New York City
  • Oct 30 Great Britain and Germany agree boundaries in East Africa
  • Nov 1 Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
  • Nov 3 Friars of Tilburg arrives on Curacao
  • Nov 4 Edward MacDowell's "Ophelia" premieres
  • Nov 5 26th British Golf Open: David Brown shoots a 157 at Musselburgh Links
  • Nov 22 Victoria Street Cable Tram route begins in Melbourne, Australia
  • Nov 30 First commercially successful AC electric power plant opens, Buffalo, NY
  • Nov 30 The Folies Bergère stages its first revue.

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Dec 8 American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • Dec 16 Rift at Dutch Reformed Church over "Doleantie"
  • Dec 22 1st national accountants' society in US formed (NYC)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 236

  • Jan 2 Moyshe Leyb Halpern, Galican/US poet (In New-York)
  • Jan 2 Florence Lawrence, Canadian actress (d. 1938)
  • Jan 2 Apsley Cherry-Garrard, English Antarctic explorer (d. 1959)
  • Jan 3 Arthur Mailey, cricketer (great Aussie leg-spinner & cartoonist)
  • Jan 3 John G Fletcher, US, poet (Epic of Arkansas)
  • Jan 3 Josephine Hull, Newtonville MA, Academy award actress (Harvey)
  • Jan 8 Noble Drew Ali, [Timothy Drew], NC, prophet (Moorish Science Temple)
  • Jan 10 Jose Antonio de Donostia, composer
  • Jan 11 George Zucco, England, actor (Adv of Sherlock Holmes, Capt Fury)
  • Jan 13 Art Ross, Canadian ice hockey player and executive (d. 1964)
  • Jan 14 Hugh Lofting, England, writer & illustrator (Dr Dolittle)
  • Jan 17 Glenn Luther Martin, aviator (Collier Trophy-1933)
  • Jan 17 Ronald Firbank, novelist (Flower Beneath the Foot), born in London, England
  • Jan 18 Antoine Pevsner, French sculptor
  • Jan 18 Peter Alma, Dutch painter/graphic artist
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf Sap, Belgian minister of Finance/Economy
  • Jan 22 John Joseph Becker, composer
  • Jan 24 Henry King, Christiansburg Virginia, American film director (d. 1982)
  • Jan 25 Wilhelm Furtwängler, German conductor (d. 1954)
  • Jan 26 Joannes A Veraart, Dutch economist/MP (Jews of the Netherlands)
  • Jan 28 Marthe Bibesco, Romanian writer (d. 1973)
  • Jan 28 Hidetsugu Yagi, Japanese electrical engineer (d. 1976)
  • Jan 31 Alfonso Lopez, Colombia, statesman (Pres UN security council-1948)
  • Feb 2 Kurt Baschwitz, German/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Du und)
  • Feb 3 Erwin Kroll, German composer, born in German Eylau (d. 1976)
  • Feb 8 Charlie Ruggles, actor (Ruggles, Aesop-Bullwinkle Show), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Feb 12 Gustaf Lazarus Nordqvist, composer
  • Feb 12 Michel Brusselmans, composer
  • Feb 14 Theodor Werner, German painter
  • Feb 16 Andrew Ducat, cricketer (Test for Eng 1921 (3 & 2) Soccer intl)
  • Feb 16 Van Wyck Brooks, NJ, literary historian/writer (Ordeal of Mark Twain)
  • Feb 19 George Luther Foote, composer
  • Feb 20 Bela Kun, Czehul Romania, head of Hungarian Soviet Republic (1919)
  • Feb 22 Hugo Ball, German playwright/co-founder Flametti
  • Feb 23 Albert Edward Sammons, composer
  • Feb 23 Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
  • Feb 27 Hugo L Black, Ala, (Sen-D-Ala)/78th Supreme Court justice (1937-71)
  • Feb 28 Jose Gutierrez Solana, Spanish painter/author (Madrid Escenas)
  • Feb 28 Max Vasmer, German slavic (La Tertulia de Pombo)
  • Mar 1 Oskar Kokoschka, Russia/Austrian/British, painter (Erasmus Prize 1960)
  • Mar 2 Willis O'Brien, American animator (d. 1962)
  • Mar 3 James Friskin, composer
  • Mar 3 Reginald Owen Morris, composer
  • Mar 3 Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (d. 1968)
  • Mar 4 Paul Bazelaire, French cellist (d. 1958)
  • Mar 5 Paul Radmilovic, England, swimmer (Olympic-3 gold-1908)
  • Mar 5 Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
  • Mar 7 Raymond Largay, Wisc, actor (April in Variety Girl), born in Paris, France
  • Mar 8 Anton Portielje, Dutch radio host/zoo director (Artis)
  • Mar 8 Edward Kendall, chemist, isolated cortisone (Nobel 1950)
  • Mar 13 Henri D Gagnebin, Swiss organist
  • Mar 13 John "Home Run" Baker, hall of famer (hit 2 HR in 1911 world series)
  • Mar 14 Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (d. 1964)
  • Mar 17 Princess Patricia of Connaught, British princess (d. 1974)
  • Mar 18 Edward Everett Horton, American actor/narrator (Bulwinkle Show), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 18 Kurt Koffka, Germany, Gestalt psychologist
  • Mar 18 Marianne [Goudeket-]Philips, Dutch author (Between Heaven & Earth)
  • Mar 24 Athenagoras I, Greek Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 24 Edward Weston, American photographer (d. 1958)
  • Mar 25 Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
  • Mar 26 Hugh Mulzac, America military officer (d. 1971)
  • Mar 27 Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, German/US architect (Bauhaus)
  • Mar 27 Sergey Kirov, Russian bolshevik leader (d. 1934)
  • Mar 28 Jaroslav Novotny, composer
  • Mar 29 Gustaf Adolf Tiburtius Bengtsson, composer
  • Mar 30 Stanislaw Lesniewski, Poland, logician/mathematician
  • Apr 1 Casimir von Paszthory, composer
  • Apr 1 Wallace Beery, actor (Alias a Gentleman, Dinner at 8), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Apr 5 Jacques Handschin, Swiss musicologist (Der Toncharakter)
  • Apr 6 Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, The Last Nizam of Hyderabad state (d. 1967)
  • Apr 7 Ed Lafitte, American baseball player (d. 1971)
  • Apr 8 Margaret A Barnes, writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 8 Jim Barnes, English golfing pioneer (4 major wins), born in Lelant, Cornwall (d. 1966)

Pioneering Golfer Jim Barnes
Pioneering Golfer
Jim Barnes
  • Apr 10 Val Paul, American actor and director, born in Denver, Colorado
  • Apr 13 Ethel Leginska, composer
  • Apr 14 Edward C Tolman, US psychologist (behaviorism)
  • Apr 14 Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian
  • Apr 15 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (d. 1921)
  • Apr 16 Ernst Thalmann, German communist presidential candidate
  • Apr 16 Jekabs Graubins, composer
  • Apr 16 Konstantin Mostras, composer
  • Apr 17 Otto Lederer, Czechoslovakia, actor (Jazz Singer)
  • Apr 21 Charlie Naughton, actor (Frozen Limits), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Apr 24 Kurt Pinthus, German-American writer, born in Erfurt (d. 1975)
  • Apr 24 R Pelgrom, oldest Dutch man (died Apr 15, 1994, 9 days short of 108)
  • Apr 26 Ma Rainey, [Gertrude Pridgett], "Mother of the Blues" American singer (d. 1939)
  • Apr 26 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (d. 1913)
  • Apr 28 Erich Salomon, German photographer
  • Apr 30 Frank Merrik, composer
  • May 2 Gottfried Benn, writer
  • May 3 Marcel Dupré, French organist and composer (d. 1971)
  • May 5 Manuel Borguno, composer
  • May 8 Jef van Hoof, composer
  • May 9 Francis Biddle, United States Attorney General (d. 1968)
  • May 10 Karl Barth, Basel Switzerland, theologian/author (Action in Waiting)
  • May 10 Olaf Stapleton, British religious sci-fi writer (Star Maker)
  • May 10 Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
  • May 12 Albert Saverys, Flemish painter
  • May 12 Hermann Grabner, composer
  • May 12 Piotr F Scharoff, Russian/Italian actor/director (Chechov)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Feb 24 Inventor Thomas Edison (38) marries 2nd wife Mina Miller (20) in Akron, Ohio

Inventor Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 28 Painter Paul Cézanne (47) weds Marie-Hortense Fiquet (36)

French Painter Paul Cézanne
French Painter
Paul Cézanne

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 2 22nd and 24th US President Grover Cleveland (49) weds Frances Folsom (21) in the Blue Room at the White House

US President Grover Cleveland
US President
Grover Cleveland

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 19 US President William Taft (28) weds Helen Herron (25) in Cincinnati, Ohio

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft

HeartWedding of Interest

Aug 11 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (30) weds Olivia Davidson (32) Athens, Ohio

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

HeartWedding of Interest

Sep 14 Neurologist Sigmund Freud (30) weds Martha Bernays (25) in Hamburg, Germany

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 2 26th US President Theodore Roosevelt (28) weds second wife Edith Kermit Carow (25) in London

First Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt
First Lady of the United States
Edith Roosevelt
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt

HeartWedding of Interest

Dec 21 Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low (26) weds William Mackay Low in Savannah, Georgia

Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA
Juliette Gordon Low

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 4 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horace), dies at 77
  • Jan 9 Jakob Eduard Schmolzer, composer, dies at 73
  • Jan 16 Amilcare Ponchielli, Italian composer (La Gioconda), dies at 51
  • Jan 18 Michal Czajchovski, [Sadik Pasja], writer, dies
  • Jan 18 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (b. 1819)
  • Jan 26 David Rice Atchison, American politician (b. 1807)
  • Mar 18 Leopold Zunz, German intellect (Synagogue Poetry), dies at 91
  • Mar 29 John Keble, theologian, Bournemouth
  • Mar 30 Joseph-Alfred Mousseau, French Canadian politician (b. 1838)
  • Mar 31 Giovanni Rossi, composer, dies at 57
  • Apr 9 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • Apr 13 Karoly Thern, composer, dies at 68
  • May 1 Conrad Busken Huet, writer (Country of Rubens)
  • May 1 Heinrich Franz Daniel Stiehl, composer, dies at 56
  • May 5 Joseph Albert, German photographer (Albertotype), dies at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 15 Emily Dickinson, US poet, dies at 55

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 17 John Deere, American blacksmith and manufacturer of agricultural equipment who founded Deere & Company, dies at 82

Deere & Company Founder John Deere
Deere & Company Founder
John Deere
  • May 23 Leopold von Ranke, German historian (b. 1795)
  • Jun 11 Antonio C G Crespo, Brazilian/Portuguese poet, dies at 40
  • Jun 14 Alexandr Ostrovsky, Russian dramatist (b. 1823)
  • Jun 18 Joannes A Paredis, Belgian/Neth bishop of Roermond, dies at 90
  • Jul 5 Henry Gerhard, founder (Social-Democratic Union), dies at 57
  • Jul 16 Ned Buntline, [Edward Zane Carroll Judson], author, dies
  • Jul 29 Adolf Muller, composer, dies at 84
  • Jul 29 Solomon Gazfried, rabbi/author (Kitzur Shulchan Aruch), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jul 31 Franz Liszt [Ferencz], Hungarian pianist/composer, dies at 74

Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt
Franz Liszt
  • Aug 3 Per August Olander, composer, dies at 62
  • Aug 6 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, dies at 45
  • Aug 9 Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (b. 1810)
  • Aug 10 Eduard Grell, composer, dies at 85
  • Aug 11 Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
  • Aug 13 Adolf von Doss, composer, dies at 62
  • Aug 16 Swami Ramakrishna, Indies philosopher, dies at 50
  • Aug 22 Jose da Silva Mendes Leal, Portuguese author (Indiana), dies at 67
  • Aug 30 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
  • Sep 3 William W. Snow, American politician (b. 1812)
  • Sep 14 Hubert Reis, German composer, dies at 84
  • Sep 20 John Liptrot Hatton, composer, dies at 77
  • Oct 8 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
  • Oct 10 David L Yule, 1st Jewish US senator, dies
  • Oct 18 Philipp Franz von Siebold, German physician (b. 1796)
  • Oct 21 Jose Hernandez, Argentine poet (La vuelta the MartinFierro), dies
  • Oct 23 Johann Nepomuk Kafka, composer, dies at 67
  • Nov 8 Frederick J "Fred" Archer, English jockey, commits suicide at 29
  • Nov 11 Paul Bert, Auxerre, French Zoologist, Physiologist and pioneer of aerospace medicine whose study of the effects of air pressure on the body made possible space and ocean exploration, dies of dysentery at 53

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 18 Chester A. Arthur, 21st US president (1881-85), dies at 56

21st US President Chester A. Arthur
21st US President
Chester A. Arthur
  • Nov 22 William Bliss Baker, American painter (b. 1859)
  • Dec 5 Peter Hofstede de Groot, Dutch reformed theologist, dies at 84
  • Dec 14 Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski, composer, dies at 27