Today in History for Year 1900

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Months in Year 1900: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Historical Events

Events 1 - 100 of 300

Jan 1st - 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
Jan 1st - British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established
Jan 1st - Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
Jan 1st - British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established.
Jan 2nd - E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal)
Jan 2nd - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris
Jan 2nd - John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China.
Jan 3rd - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin
Jan 3rd - Perihelion Passage
Jan 5th - Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule.
Jan 6th - Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured
Jan 6th - Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso," premieres in Paris
Jan 10th - Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown
Jan 12th - Freeland Colony founded in US
Composer Giacomo PucciniComposer Giacomo Puccini Jan 14th - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca" premieres in Rome
Jan 15th - SCNEC soccer team forms
Jan 16th - The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands.
Jan 16th - The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands
Jan 18th - Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels
Jan 21st - The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
Jan 24th - Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
Jan 24th - Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, forms in England
Jan 26th - Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer" premieres in Stuttgart
Jan 27th - Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
Jan 27th - Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians.
Jan 29th - Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed
Jan 29th - American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee & Minneapolis
Jan 31st - The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government.
Feb 2nd - Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris
Feb 3rd - Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
Feb 3rd - Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky.
Feb 5th - British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal
Feb 5th - The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal
Feb 6th - The Battle of Vaal Krantz, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 7th - British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal
Feb 9th - Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup
Feb 10th - Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 sec)
Feb 14th - Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock"
Feb 14th - Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country.
Feb 15th - General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes
Feb 15th - British troops relieve Kimberly, South Africa, a city under siege by the Boers since October 1899, during the Boer War.
Feb 16th - 1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF)
Feb 16th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1
Feb 18th - Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
Feb 18th - Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
Feb 18th - British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal
Feb 19th - British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
Feb 22nd - Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 22nd - Hawaii became a US territory
Feb 23rd - Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Feb 23rd - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
Feb 27th - Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War
Feb 27th - Boer General Cronjé surrenders to British in Pardenberg, South Africa
Feb 27th - In London, the Trades Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906
Feb 28th - General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal
Mar 3rd - US Steel Corporation organizes
Mar 5th - American Hall of Fame founded
Mar 6th - After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901)
Mar 7th - Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees
Mar 7th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games
Mar 8th - NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee)
Mar 10th - Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
Mar 10th - Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection.
Mar 11th - British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms
Mar 12th - President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
Mar 13th - British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State
Mar 13th - In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
Mar 14th - Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
Mar 14th - US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act
Mar 16th - AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
Mar 16th - Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur
Mar 16th - Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo
Mar 17th - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2
Mar 17th - In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899.
Mar 18th - Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms
Mar 18th - Japan uses its influence over the government of Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a concession for a naval station at the Korean Port of Masampo, a step in the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war
Mar 20th - US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.
Mar 24th - New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn.
Mar 25th - US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis
Mar 26th - 1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam)
Mar 27th - Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers.
Mar 30th - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law
Mar 30th - 62nd Grand National: Algy Anthony aboard Ambush II wins
Mar 31st - At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
Apr 1st - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
Apr 2nd - 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
Apr 4th - Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war
Apr 4th - British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet
Apr 5th - Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. JeffriesBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries Apr 6th - James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
Apr 11th - US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut
Apr 11th - The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy
Apr 12th - The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May)
Apr 14th - Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms
Apr 15th - Exposition Universelle/World Fair opens in Paris (till 12th Nov)
Apr 15th - An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs
Apr 16th - US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps
Apr 17th - 7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession
Apr 19th - 4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4
Apr 19th - Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 401

Jan 1st - Hubert van Doorne, Dutch auto manufacturer (DAF)
Jan 1st - William Haines, Staunton VA, actor (Fast Life, Little Annie Rooney)
Jan 1st - Xavier Cugat, Barcelona Spain, bandleader (married Abbe Lane, Charo)
Jan 1st - Chiune Sugihara, Japanese diplomat (d. 1986)
Jan 3rd - Dorothy Arnzer, director
Jan 3rd - Maurice Jaubert, composer
Jan 4th - James Bond, American ornithologist (d. 1989)
Jan 5th - Dennis Gabor, Hung/Brit physicist (holography-Nobel 1971) [or Jun 5]
Jan 5th - Paula Ludwig, writer
Jan 5th - Yves Tanguy, French/US sailor/surrealistic painter
Jan 6th - Pierre-Octave Ferroud, French composer (Sarabande, Jeunesse)
Jan 7th - John Brownlee, Australian tenor (d. 1969)
Jan 8th - Queen Marie, of Yugoslavia
Jan 9th - Joseph Frederick Wagner, composer
Jan 9th - Richard Halliburton, American adventurer (presumed dead 1939)
Jan 12th - Vaino Hannikainen, composer
Jan 13th - Yasuji Kiyose, composer
Jan 15th - Caesar Domela, Dutch painter (Ferdinand Domela Nieuwenhuis son)
Jan 17th - Olga Maria Nicolis di Robilant, patron of the arts
Jan 20th - Boris Semyonovich Shekhter, composer
Jan 20th - Doris Deane, WI, entertainer
Jan 20th - Colin Clive, British actor (d. 1937)
Jan 22nd - Franz Salmhofer, composer
Jan 23rd - Mary Philips, CT, actress (Farewell to Arms, Incendiary Blonde)
Jan 23rd - Ralph Graves, Cleve Ohio, actor (Dirigible, Flight, Dream Street)
Jan 23rd - William Ifor Jones, Welsh conductor and organist (d. 1988)
Jan 25th - Mildred Dunnock, Balt, actress (Baby Doll, Nun's Story)
Jan 25th - Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ukraine, genetist/writer (Mankind Evolving)
Jan 25th - Yojiro Ishizaka, Japanese writer (d. 1986)
Jan 26th - Karl Ristenpart, German conductor (d. 1967)
Jan 27th - Hyman G Rickover, US Admiral (father of modern nuclear navy)
Jan 28th - Alexandre AM Stols [Chl van Halsbeke], publisher (History of Ecuador)
Jan 28th - Anni Holdmann, Germany, 100m runner (Olympic-1928)
Jan 28th - Hermann Kesten, German writer (Allert de Lange)
Jan 28th - Michael Dewar Head, composer
Jan 28th - Alice Neel, American artist (d. 1984)
Jan 29th - Marco Tajcevic, composer
Jan 29th - Willem F K Hussem, Dutch painter/poet (Coastline, Lookout on Sea)
Jan 30th - Isaak Iosifovich Dunayevsky, composer
Jan 30th - Martita Hunt, Argentina, actress (Man in Grey, Becket)
Jan 30th - Sandy Powell, Rotherham England, costume designer (Rob Roy)
Jan 31st - Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer
Feb 1st - Stephen Potter, humorist/writer (School for Scoundrels, Shipbuilders)
Feb 2nd - Asa Smith Bushnell Jr, Springfield Ohio, Sec of US Olympics (1945-65)
Feb 2nd - Willie Kamm, MLB third baseman (d. 1988)
Feb 3rd - Mabel Mercer, English cabaret vocalist (Fly Me to the Moon)
Feb 5th - Adlai E Stevenson, (Gov-D-Ill), pres candidate (D) (1952, 1956)
Feb 6th - Roy Smeck, guitarist/banjoist
Feb 6th - Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Heliga Familjen)
Feb 8th - Guy Douglas Hamilton Warrack, composer
Feb 8th - John Cameron, judge
Feb 8th - Ivan Ivanov-Vano Soviet animator and Russian animation director (d. 1987)
Feb 11th - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
Feb 11th - Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
Feb 11th - Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
Feb 12th - Fred Emney, actor (Let the People Sing, Lilac Domino), born in London, England
Feb 16th - Albert Maurice Hackett, playwright/screenwriter
Feb 19th - Giorgos Seferis, writer
Feb 20th - Antonio Veretti, composer
Feb 20th - Graham Spry, St Thomas Ontario, Canadian radio pioneer
Feb 20th - Jean Negulesco
Feb 21st - Madeleine Renaud, French actress/theater director (Plaisir)
Feb 21st - Sydney Arnold, English comic/actor (Miss Jones & Son)
Feb 22nd - Luis Buñuel, Calanda Spain, Spanish surrealist film director (Belle de Jour)
Feb 22nd - Evald Aav, composer
Feb 22nd - Giorgios Seferis, Greece, poet (Nobel 1963)
Feb 22nd - Seán Ó Faoláin [John Whelan], Irish short story writer (Murder at Cobbler's Hulk)
Feb 23rd - Elinor Remick Warren, composer
Feb 25th - Jed Harris, producer/director (Billy Rose Show, Operation Mad Ball)
Feb 26th - Jean Negulesco, Craiova Romania, director (Johnny Belinda, Jessica)
Feb 28th - Laura Z Hobson, writer
Feb 28th - Wolfram Hirth, German pilot (d. 1959)
Mar 1st - Edna Swithenbank Manley, Jamaican sculptor, wife of PM
Mar 1st - Yorgos Seferis, [Seferi dis], Greek diplomat/poet (Strofi)
Mar 1st - Donald Keith Falkner, singer
Mar 2nd - Kurt J Weill, Dessau Germany, composer/Brecht collaborator (Mahogany)
Mar 3rd - Edna Best, Hove England, actress (Key, Calendar, Escape, Intermezzo)
Mar 4th - Roberto Soundy, El Salvador, trap shooter (Olympic-1968)
Mar 4th - Herbert Biberman, American screenwriter (d. 1971)
Mar 5th - Ludwig Donath, actor (Jolson Story, Jolson Sings Again)
Mar 6th - John Henry Pyle Pafford, librarian (University of London)
Mar 6th - Ludwig Donath, actor (Torn Curtain, Sirocco), born in Vienna, Austria
Mar 6th - Robert "Lefty" Grove, baseball pitcher (300 game winner)
Mar 7th - Giuseppe Capogrossi, Italian painter
Mar 7th - [Albert] Carel Willink, Dutch painter (magic realism)
Mar 9th - Aimone duke of Spoleta/Aosta, Italian king of Croatia (1941-43)
Mar 9th - Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
Mar 10th - Sherman Billingsley, Enid Ok, talk show host (Stork Club)
Mar 12th - David Croll, QC senator
Mar 12th - Zoltan Vasarhelyi, composer
Mar 13th - Béla Guttman, Hungarian footballer (d. 1981)
Mar 15th - Gilberto Freye, Brazilian sociologist/writer
Mar 17th - Alfred Newman, New Haven, composer (Love is a Many Splendored Thing)
Mar 19th - Roy Roberts, actor (Petticoat Junction, Lucy Show), born in Tampa, Florida
Mar 19th - [Jean] Frederic Joliot-Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1935)
Mar 21st - Eugenie Leontovitch, Moscow Russia, actor (Homicidal)
Mar 21st - Paul Klecki/Kletzki, Polish violinist/composer/conductor
Mar 23rd - Erich Fromm, Frankfurt Germany, psychologist (Sane Society)
Mar 23rd - Jose Antonio Calcano, composer
Mar 24th - June [Algeria Junius] Clark, musician trumpet

Famous Weddings

Weddings 1 - 4 of 4

Archduke of Austria Franz FerdinandArchduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand (Jul 1st) Jul 1st - Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand (36) weds countess Sophie Chotek (32) in Reichstadt, Bohemia
Aug 22nd - Oil tycoon Edward L. Doheny (44) weds Carrie Estelle Betzold in New Mexico Territory
Oct 2nd - Belgium crown prince Albert von Saksen-Coburg weds Elisabeth of Bayern
Nov 20th - Archaeologist Hiram Bingham (25) weds Tiffany heiress Alfreda Mitchell in Honolulu, Hawaii

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 69 of 69

Jan 3rd - Edwin George Monk, composer, dies at 80
Jan 8th - Billy Bates, cricketer (656 runs & 50 wkts in 15 Tests for Eng), dies
Jan 20th - John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
Jan 20th - Richard D Blackmore, English novelist (Lorna Doone), dies at 74
Jan 22nd - David E. Hughes, American musician (b. 1831)
Jan 30th - Vittorio Bersezio, [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
Feb 3rd - Ottokar Eugen Novacek, composer, dies at 33
Feb 16th - George Labram, US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
Feb 18th - Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
Feb 18th - Eugenio Beltrami, Italian Mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 64
Feb 23rd - William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
Mar 6th - Gottlieb Daimler, designed 1st motorcycle, dies at 65
Mar 10th - Johann Peter Emilius Hartmann, composer, dies at 94
Mar 11th - Edmund Peate, cricketer (9 Tests for England 1881-86), dies
Mar 18th - Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (So [Lonely]), dies at 32
Mar 19th - John Bingham, American politician and lawyer (b. 1815)
Mar 19th - Charles-Louis Hanon, French composer (b. 1819)
Mar 26th - Isaac Mayer Wise, rabbi/found American Hebrew Congregations, dies at 80
Mar 27th - Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69
Mar 31st - Frank Milligan, cricketer (Mafeking 2 Tests Eng v South Africa 1898-99), dies
Apr 4th - Edward VII, King, assassinated
Apr 5th - Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
Apr 20th - Mebel Mercer, popular British singer, dies
Apr 21st - Heinrich Vogl, composer, dies at 55
Apr 24th - George J D Campbell, Brit min of Indies (1868-74, 80-85), dies at 76
Apr 30th - John Luther (Casey) Jones, dies in Cannonball Express train wreck
May 5th - Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
May 7th - Richard Storrs Willis, composer, dies at 81
May 18th - Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher (b. 1813)
May 20th - Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman, composer, dies at 80
May 31st - James Loudon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies (1871-75), dies at 75
May 31st - John Power, Irish baronet/whiskey manufacturer, dies in battle
Novelist Stephen CraneNovelist Stephen Crane (Jun 5th) Jun 5th - Stephen Crane, author (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 28
Jun 11th - Charles Swinnerton Heap, composer, dies at 53
Jun 21st - Polibo Fumagalli, composer, dies at 69
Jun 29th - Ivan Mikheevich Pervushin, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
Jul 24th - Ferdinand Hamet, Dutch missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
Jul 29th - Umberto I, Italian King (1878-1900) assassinated by Gaetano Bresci
Jul 30th - Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (b. 1844)
Aug 4th - Isaac Levitan, Russian painter (b. 1860)
Aug 5th - James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
Aug 6th - Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist/socialist, dies at 74
Aug 12th - James E Keeler, US astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42
Aug 12th - Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player (b. 1836)
Aug 16th - Eca de Queiroz, writer, dies
Aug 19th - Jean-Baptiste Accolay, Belgian composer (b. 1833)
Aug 25th - Friedrich Nietschze, philosopher (Also sprach Zarathustra), dies at 55
Aug 25th - Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)
Philosopher Friedrich NietzschePhilosopher Friedrich Nietzsche (Aug 25th) Aug 25th - Friedrich Nietzsche, German Philosopher, dies at 55
Aug 28th - Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies
Sep 23rd - William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
Sep 25th - Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier of Québec (b. 1832)
Sep 29th - Samuel Fenton Cary, congressman, prohibitionist (b. 1814)
Oct 9th - Heinrich von Herzogenberg, composer, dies at 57
Oct 14th - Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter/etcher, dies
Oct 14th - Sandor Erkel, composer, dies at 54
Oct 15th - Zdenek Fibich, composer, dies at 49
Oct 20th - Charles Dudley Warner, US writer (As We Go), dies at 70
Oct 20th - Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet (b. 1846)
Oct 28th - Max Müller, German-born orientalist (b. 1823)
Nov 6th - PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville
Nov 21st - J J Ferris, cricketer (48 wickets for Aust in 8 Tests in 1880's), dies
Nov 22nd - Arthur Sullivan, English operatic composer (Mikado, Pirates of Penzance), dies at 58
Writer/Poet Oscar WildeWriter/Poet Oscar Wilde (Nov 30th) Nov 30th - Oscar Wilde, Irish author, dies in Paris at 46
Dec 8th - Henry Russell, composer, dies at 87
Dec 14th - Jean B A Kessler, director of oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
Dec 21st - Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)
Dec 27th - William G Armstrong, of Cragside, Brit const (hydr crane), dies at 90
Dec 28th - Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)

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