What Happened in 1900 (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 297

  • Apr 26th AL opener in Cleve draws 6,500
  • Apr 30th 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
  • Apr 30th Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • May 1st Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
  • May 1st Roermond soccer team forms in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2nd George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

  • May 3rd 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25
  • May 5th "The Billboard" began weekly publication
  • May 8th John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

May 11th James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • May 12th Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • May 12th Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
  • May 17th British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • May 17th In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed.
  • May 18th Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga
  • May 19th Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
  • May 19th World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens
  • May 20th 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
  • May 22nd Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
  • May 22nd Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
  • May 23rd Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • May 24th 34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¼
  • May 25th Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
  • May 26th British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 27th Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 28th Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
  • May 28th Total solar eclipse occurs
  • May 28th In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work
  • May 28th Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British.
  • May 29th 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
  • May 29th Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
  • May 31st British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
  • May 31st Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
  • May 31st Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
  • May 31st US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
  • Jun 1st British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
  • Jun 5th Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
  • Jun 6th Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • Jun 6th US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • Jun 7th Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • Jun 7th 40th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 309 at St Andrews
  • Jun 8th Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons" (BG)
  • Jun 9th In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege.
  • Jun 10th In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking.
  • Jun 11th -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha
  • Jun 12th In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • Jun 13th In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night.
  • Jun 14th Hawaiian Territorial Government begins
  • Jun 14th The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • Jun 14th Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • Jun 16th In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks
  • Jun 18th Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • Jun 18th Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 19th Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 20th In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • Jun 20th Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route
  • Jun 21st Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers
  • Jun 21st In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • Jun 22nd In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • Jun 23rd British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • Jun 23rd The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • Jun 23rd 14th U.S. Women's National Championship: Myrtle McAteer beats Edith Parker (6-2, 6-2, 6-0)
  • Jun 24th Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • Jun 25th Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • Jun 26th Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • Jun 26th Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • Jun 26th The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • Jun 29th The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • Jun 30th 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • Jul 2nd Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2nd First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Jul 3rd Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • Jul 3rd The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 4th 17th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Charlotte Cooper (4-6 6-4 6-4)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 4th 24th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats Stan Smith (6-8 6-3 6-1 6-2)
  • Jul 4th Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA
  • Jul 5th Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • Jul 7th Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • Jul 8th 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
  • Jul 9th The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • Jul 11th Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns
  • Jul 11th Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport
  • Jul 12th 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • Jul 13th Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • Jul 15th President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • Jul 16th A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • Jul 16th Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • Jul 17th NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • Jul 19th Michel Théato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k)
  • Jul 21st Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
  • Jul 23rd Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • Jul 23rd The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • Jul 24th Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • Jul 25th Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match
  • Jul 28th Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • Jul 29th In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  • Jul 30th British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • Jul 31st Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3rd Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Aug 4th An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 399

  • Mar 26th Isadore Freed, composer
  • Mar 28th Achille Longo, composer
  • Mar 28th Robert Harris, actor (Big Caper, Laughing Anne)
  • Mar 29th John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
  • Mar 29th Bill Aston, British racing driver (d. 1974)
  • Mar 31st Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • Apr 1st Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2nd Heinrich Besseler, German musicologist
  • Apr 2nd Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • Apr 3rd Camille Chamoun, president of Lebanon

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 5th Spencer Tracy, American actor (Woman of the Year, Adam's Rib), born in Milwaukee (d. 1967)

  • Apr 6th Andres Sas, Belgian Peruvian composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • Apr 6th Leo Robin, US writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • Apr 7th Tebbs Lloyd Johnson, England, 50K walker (Olympic-bronze-1952)
  • Apr 9th Allen Jenkins, actor (Hey Jeannie, Top Cop, Girl Habit), born in Staten Island, New York
  • Apr 10th Jean Duvieusart, premier (Belgium 1950)
  • Apr 11th Sandor Marai, Hungarian writer (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13th Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • Apr 14th Salvatore Baccaloni, actor (Merry Andrew, Rock-a-Bye Baby), born in Rome, Italy
  • Apr 16th Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)
  • Apr 18th Louise Tazewell, [Louise Skiller Tazewell], entertainer
  • Apr 19th Richard Arthur Warren Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth)
  • Apr 19th Roland Michener, Governor General of Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20th Fred Raymond, composer
  • Apr 20th Kees Verwey, painter/water colors painter/cartoonist
  • Apr 23rd Ary Verhaar, Dutch composer, dies at 93
  • Apr 23rd Henry Barraud, composer
  • Apr 23rd Joseph Green, filmmaker
  • Apr 23rd Jim Bottomley, American baseball player (d. 1959)
  • Apr 25th Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat
  • Apr 25th Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)
  • Apr 26th Charles Richter, Ohio, Earthquakes seismologist (Richter scale)
  • Apr 26th Douglas Sirk, German American film director (All That Heaven Allows), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • Apr 26th James Sutherland, English literature scholar/actor (Rob Roy 1953)
  • Apr 26th Hack Wilson, American baseball player (d. 1948)
  • Apr 27th Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker's creator)
  • Apr 28th Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28th Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud")
  • Apr 28th Maurice Thorez, secretary-general (French Communist Party)
  • May 1st Ignazio Silone, Italy, novelist/politician (Bread & Wine)
  • May 2nd Helen Morgan, singer/actress (Applause, Frankie & Johnny)
  • May 5th Charles Jewtraw, US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1924)
  • May 5th Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt, German composer/conductor (Hassan gewinnt)
  • May 5th Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)
  • May 5th Dennis Gabor, electrical engineer and physicist, Nobel Prize winner
  • May 7th Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
  • May 7th Ralph Truman, actor (Web of Evidence), born in London, England
  • May 12th Helene Weigel, Austria/German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage)
  • May 13th Jos Panhuysen, author (Pornographer)
  • May 14th Billie Dove, [Lilian Bohny], actress (Black Pirate, Stolen Bride), born in NYC, New York
  • May 14th Leo Smit, Dutch composer who died in a Nazi extermination camp, born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • May 14th Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • May 14th Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • May 17th Nicolai Berezowsky, composer
  • May 18th Sarah Miriam Peale, US, portrait painter (Gen Lafayette-1825)
  • May 20th Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • May 22nd Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (d. 1979)
  • May 23rd Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
  • May 24th Lionel Conacher, Canadian athlete and politician (d. 1954)
  • May 24th Eduardo De Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (d. 1984)
  • May 25th Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (d. 1975)
  • May 27th Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • May 28th Owen Aisher, president (Marley)
  • May 28th Tommy Ladnier, American musician (d. 1939)
  • May 31st Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • Jun 2nd David Wynne, Welsh composer (Owain ab Urien), born in Penderyn (d. 1983)
  • Jun 3rd Gerard den Brabander, [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New)
  • Jun 5th Barbara Gooden, novelist
  • Jun 6th Arthur Askey, actor (Bees in Paradise, Ghost Train), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jun 6th Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7th Jan [Johannes A A] Engelman, poet/translator/critic (Garden of Eros)
  • Jun 8th Herman J Friedericy, [H J Merlijn], writer (Last general)
  • Jun 9th Fred Waring, Tyrone Penn, musician/conductor/inventor (Waring Blender)
  • Jun 9th Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot
  • Jun 10th Henri Bruning, Dutch literary
  • Jun 11th Lawrence E Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 12th Amadeo Roldan, composer
  • Jun 12th Betsy van Es, Flemish actress (Sonna)
  • Jun 13th Ian Hunter, Capetown South Africa, actor (Dr Blood's Coffin, White Unicorn)
  • Jun 14th June Walker, IL, actress (War Nurse, Unforgiven)
  • Jun 15th Otto Clarence Luening, composer (Sonority Canon), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Jun 15th Paul J Mares, US, jazz trumpetist/composer (Farewell blues)
  • Jun 15th Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • Jun 16th Jan van Tilburg, governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)
  • Jun 17th Hermann Reuter, composer
  • Jun 17th Martin Bormann, propoganda minister (Hitler)
  • Jun 19th Laura Hobson, TV writer/panelist (I've Got a Secret), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 20th Ernest White, composer
  • Jun 21st Gunnar Ek, Swedish composer and musician, born in Asarum Blekinge (d. 1981)
  • Jun 22nd Jennie Tourel, St Petersburg Russia, mezzo-soprano (Met Opera 1943-47)
  • Jun 24th Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Jun 25th Izak D du Plessis, South African writer/director (3rd World)
  • Jun 25th Lord Louis Mountbatten, of Burma, royal relative/earl/baron/admiral
  • Jun 26th Joseph E A "Jo" Spier, Dutch cartoonist/water color painter
  • Jun 27th Otto E Passman, (Rep-D-La, 1947-77)
  • Jun 28th Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham)
  • Jun 29th Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)
  • Jun 30th Beatrix Loughran, American figure skater (Olympic Gold 1924, 1928, 1932), born in Mount Vernon, New York (d. 1975)
  • Jul 2nd Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
  • Jul 3rd John Mason Brown, critic (Tonight on Broadway), born in Louisville, Kentucky

Famous Weddings


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Famous Deaths


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