What Happened in 1900 (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 294

  • Apr 30 165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express.
  • May 1 Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah
  • May 1 Roermond soccer team forms in Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

  • May 3 26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25
  • May 5 "The Billboard" began weekly publication
  • May 8 John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

May 11 James J Jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion James J. Jeffries
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
James J. Jeffries
  • May 12 Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed
  • May 12 Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city
  • May 17 British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony)
  • May 17 In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed.
  • May 18 Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga
  • May 19 Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago
  • May 19 World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens
  • May 20 2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months)
  • May 22 Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative
  • May 22 Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player
  • May 23 Associated Press News Service forms in NY
  • May 24 34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¼
  • May 25 Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics
  • May 26 British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 27 Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa
  • May 28 Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand
  • May 28 Total solar eclipse occurs
  • May 28 In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work
  • May 28 Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British.
  • May 29 25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4
  • May 29 Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co
  • May 31 British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
  • May 31 Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry
  • May 31 Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
  • May 31 US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
  • Jun 1 British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa
  • Jun 5 Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller
  • Jun 6 Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking
  • Jun 6 US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area
  • Jun 7 Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal
  • Jun 7 40th British Golf Open: J.H. Taylor shoots a 309 at St Andrews
  • Jun 8 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons" (BG)
  • Jun 9 In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege.
  • Jun 10 In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking.
  • Jun 11 -12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha
  • Jun 12 In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years
  • Jun 13 In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night.
  • Jun 14 Hawaiian Territorial Government begins
  • Jun 14 The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy.
  • Jun 14 Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory
  • Jun 16 In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks
  • Jun 18 Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
  • Jun 18 Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

Jun 19 Republican Party nominates President William McKinley for re-election, but chooses a new candidate for Vice-President, Theodore Roosevelt

25th US President William McKinley
25th US President
William McKinley
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 20 In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers
  • Jun 20 Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route
  • Jun 21 Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers
  • Jun 21 In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty
  • Jun 22 In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds
  • Jun 23 British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April
  • Jun 23 The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule
  • Jun 23 14th U.S. Women's National Championship: Myrtle McAteer beats Edith Parker (6-2, 6-2, 6-0)
  • Jun 24 Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge
  • Jun 25 Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland
  • Jun 26 Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
  • Jun 26 Japan mobilizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising in China and to advance their long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia
  • Jun 26 The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there
  • Jun 29 The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity
  • Jun 30 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
  • Jul 2 Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Jul 3 Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia
  • Jul 3 The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war

Sport awardTennis Open

Jul 4 17th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Bingley beats Charlotte Cooper (4-6 6-4 6-4)

Tennis Champion Charlotte Cooper
Tennis Champion
Charlotte Cooper
  • Jul 4 24th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats Stan Smith (6-8 6-3 6-1 6-2)
  • Jul 4 Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA
  • Jul 5 Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber
  • Jul 7 Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
  • Jul 8 1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids)
  • Jul 9 The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
  • Jul 11 Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns
  • Jul 11 Charlotte Cooper beats Hélène Prévost to become the 1st female Olympic tennis champion and the 1st individual female Olympic champion in any sport
  • Jul 12 114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
  • Jul 13 Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8
  • Jul 15 President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
  • Jul 16 A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobilize support for relief of foreigners
  • Jul 16 Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria
  • Jul 17 NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas
  • Jul 19 Michel Théato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k)
  • Jul 21 Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite
  • Jul 23 Pan-African Congress meets in London
  • Jul 23 The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada
  • Jul 24 Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed
  • Jul 25 Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match
  • Jul 28 Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
  • Jul 29 In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci.
  • Jul 30 British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act
  • Jul 31 Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Aug 4 An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion
  • Aug 5 In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 400

  • Mar 26 Isadore Freed, composer
  • Mar 28 Achille Longo, composer
  • Mar 28 Robert Harris, actor (Big Caper, Laughing Anne)
  • Mar 29 John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1980)
  • Mar 29 Bill Aston, British racing driver (d. 1974)
  • Mar 31 Henry WFA, English duke of Gloucester/earl of Ulters
  • Apr 1 Robert McDowell, Mayor of Maryborough, Queensland (d. 1988)
  • Apr 2 Heinrich Besseler, German musicologist
  • Apr 2 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (d. 1942)
  • Apr 3 Camille Chamoun, president of Lebanon

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 5 Spencer Tracy, American actor (Woman of the Year, Adam's Rib), born in Milwaukee (d. 1967)

  • Apr 6 Andres Sas, Belgian Peruvian composer, born in Paris (d. 1967)
  • Apr 6 Leo Robin, US writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • Apr 7 Tebbs Lloyd Johnson, England, 50K walker (Olympic-bronze-1952)
  • Apr 9 Allen Jenkins, actor (Hey Jeannie, Top Cop, Girl Habit), born in Staten Island, New York
  • Apr 10 Jean Duvieusart, premier (Belgium 1950)
  • Apr 11 Sandor Marai, Hungarian writer (d. 1989)
  • Apr 13 Pierre Molinier, French painter and photographer (d. 1976)
  • Apr 14 Salvatore Baccaloni, actor (Merry Andrew, Rock-a-Bye Baby), born in Rome, Italy
  • Apr 16 Polly Adler, Russia, bordello proprieter/author (House is not a Home)
  • Apr 18 Louise Tazewell, [Louise Skiller Tazewell], entertainer
  • Apr 19 Richard Arthur Warren Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth)
  • Apr 19 Roland Michener, Governor General of Canada (d. 1991)
  • Apr 20 Fred Raymond, composer
  • Apr 20 Kees Verwey, painter/water colors painter/cartoonist
  • Apr 23 Ary Verhaar, Dutch composer, dies at 93
  • Apr 23 Henry Barraud, composer
  • Apr 23 Joseph Green, filmmaker
  • Apr 23 Jim Bottomley, American baseball player (d. 1959)
  • Apr 25 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat
  • Apr 25 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)
  • Apr 26 Charles Richter, Ohio, Earthquakes seismologist (Richter scale)
  • Apr 26 Douglas Sirk, German American film director (All That Heaven Allows), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1987)
  • Apr 26 James Sutherland, English literature scholar/actor (Rob Roy 1953)
  • Apr 26 Hack Wilson, American baseball player (d. 1948)
  • Apr 27 Walter Lantz, animator (Woody Woodpecker's creator)
  • Apr 28 Bruno Apitz, German writer (Nackt unter Wölfen, born in Leipzig (d. 1979)
  • Apr 28 Jan Hendrik Oort, Dutch astronomer (hypothesized "Oort Cloud")
  • Apr 28 Maurice Thorez, secretary-general (French Communist Party)
  • May 1 Ignazio Silone, Italy, novelist/politician (Bread & Wine)
  • May 2 Helen Morgan, singer/actress (Applause, Frankie & Johnny)
  • May 5 Charles Jewtraw, US, 500m speed skater (Olympic-gold-1924)
  • May 5 Hans Schmidt-Isserstedt, German composer/conductor (Hassan gewinnt)
  • May 5 Mervyn A Ellison, British astronomer (spectrohelioscope)
  • May 5 Dennis Gabor, electrical engineer and physicist, Nobel Prize winner
  • May 7 Bauke Tuinstra, Dutch/Frisian notary/author (Earste Keur)
  • May 7 Ralph Truman, actor (Web of Evidence), born in London, England
  • May 12 Helene Weigel, Austria/German actress (Metropolis, Mutter Courage)
  • May 13 Jos Panhuysen, author (Pornographer)
  • May 14 Billie Dove, [Lilian Bohny], actress (Black Pirate, Stolen Bride), born in NYC, New York
  • May 14 Leo Smit, Dutch composer who died in a Nazi extermination camp, born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • May 14 Hal Borland, American author (d. 1978)
  • May 14 Edgar Wind, German art historian (d. 1971)
  • May 17 Nicolai Berezowsky, composer
  • May 18 Sarah Miriam Peale, US, portrait painter (Gen Lafayette-1825)
  • May 20 Lydia Cabrera, Cuban Anthropologist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • May 22 Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (d. 1979)
  • May 23 Hans Frank, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
  • May 24 Lionel Conacher, Canadian athlete and politician (d. 1954)
  • May 24 Eduardo De Filippo, Italian actor and screenwriter (d. 1984)
  • May 25 Alain Grandbois, French Canadian poet (d. 1975)
  • May 27 Uładzimir Zylka, Belarusian poet (d. 1933)
  • May 28 Owen Aisher, president (Marley)
  • May 28 Tommy Ladnier, American musician (d. 1939)
  • May 31 Helma Wolf-Catz, Dutch author (Undercurrent, Coral Reef)
  • Jun 2 David Wynne, Welsh composer (Owain ab Urien), born in Penderyn (d. 1983)
  • Jun 3 Gerard den Brabander, [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New)
  • Jun 5 Barbara Gooden, novelist
  • Jun 6 Arthur Askey, actor (Bees in Paradise, Ghost Train), born in Liverpool, England
  • Jun 6 Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Jan [Johannes A A] Engelman, poet/translator/critic (Garden of Eros)
  • Jun 8 Herman J Friedericy, [H J Merlijn], writer (Last general)
  • Jun 9 Fred Waring, Tyrone Penn, musician/conductor/inventor (Waring Blender)
  • Jun 9 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot
  • Jun 10 Henri Bruning, Dutch literary
  • Jun 11 Lawrence E Spivak, American news panelist (Meet the Press), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 12 Amadeo Roldan, composer
  • Jun 12 Betsy van Es, Flemish actress (Sonna)
  • Jun 13 Ian Hunter, Capetown South Africa, actor (Dr Blood's Coffin, White Unicorn)
  • Jun 14 June Walker, IL, actress (War Nurse, Unforgiven)
  • Jun 15 Otto Clarence Luening, composer (Sonority Canon), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Jun 15 Paul J Mares, US, jazz trumpetist/composer (Farewell blues)
  • Jun 15 Gotthard Günther, German philosopher (d. 1984)
  • Jun 16 Jan van Tilburg, governor Suriname (PVDA, 1955-62)
  • Jun 17 Hermann Reuter, composer
  • Jun 17 Martin Bormann, propoganda minister (Hitler)
  • Jun 19 Laura Hobson, TV writer/panelist (I've Got a Secret), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 20 Ernest White, composer
  • Jun 21 Gunnar Ek, Swedish composer and musician, born in Asarum Blekinge (d. 1981)
  • Jun 22 Jennie Tourel, St Petersburg Russia, mezzo-soprano (Met Opera 1943-47)
  • Jun 24 Wilhelm Cauer, German mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Jun 25 Izak D du Plessis, South African writer/director (3rd World)
  • Jun 25 Lord Louis Mountbatten, of Burma, royal relative/earl/baron/admiral
  • Jun 26 Joseph E A "Jo" Spier, Dutch cartoonist/water color painter
  • Jun 27 Otto E Passman, (Rep-D-La, 1947-77)
  • Jun 28 Leon Kruczkowski, Polish author (Kordian into Cham)
  • Jun 29 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer (d. 1944)
  • Jun 30 Beatrix Loughran, American figure skater (Olympic Gold 1924, 1928, 1932), born in Mount Vernon, New York (d. 1975)
  • Jul 2 Tyrone Guthrie, English actor (d. 1971)
  • Jul 3 John Mason Brown, critic (Tonight on Broadway), born in Louisville, Kentucky

Famous Weddings

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Famous Deaths

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