What Happened in April 1905

Historical Events

  • Apr 1 British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
  • Apr 1 "SOS" first adopted as a morse distress signal (· · · – – – · · ·) by German government
  • Apr 2 Cairo-Capetown railway opens
  • Apr 4 Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000
  • Apr 5 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • Apr 6 Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco
  • Apr 12 French Dufaux brothers test helicopter
  • Apr 12 Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)
  • Apr 17 US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional
  • Apr 17 The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution.
  • Apr 19 9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of NY in 2:38:25.4
  • Apr 21 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • Apr 22 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
  • Apr 24 1st-class Cricket debut of Jack Hobbs, Surrey v Gentlemen (18 & 28)
  • Apr 24 Senators execute a triple-play & beat Yankees 4-3
  • Apr 25 Latest day of 1st-class cricket in an Aust season (NSW v Qld)
  • Apr 25 Whites win right to vote in South Africa
  • Apr 26 Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play
  • Apr 27 World Exposition opens in Liège
  • Apr 29 2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX
  • Apr 29 Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville Gabon
  • Apr 30 1st official soccer game between Belgium-Netherlands (1-4)

Famous Birthdays

  • Apr 1 Clara "Mother" Hale, US social worker (Hale House)
  • Apr 1 Gaston Eyskens, Prime Minister of Belgium (1949, 1958-61, 1968-72), born in Lier, Belgium (d. 1988)
  • Apr 1 Winfried P I Zillig, German opera composer/conductor (Fantasia Irica)
  • Apr 2 Edmond Jouhaud, general
  • Apr 2 Kurt Adler, therapist/writer
  • Apr 2 Serge Lifar, dancer, choreographer (Paris Opera Ballet), born in Kiev, Ukraine
  • Apr 3 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)
  • Apr 4 Eugene Bozza, composer
  • Apr 5 Bill Raisch, one armed actor (The Fugitive)
  • Apr 5 Jef Maes, Belgian composer and violinist (d. 1996)
  • Apr 7 Queenie Leonard, American actress (d. 2002)
  • Apr 8 George Baxter, actor (Flying Saucer, Lili, Caged), born in Paris, France
  • Apr 8 Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)
  • Apr 8 Helen B M Fennell Joseph, anti-apartheid writer (Side by Side)
  • Apr 8 Pierre Wigny, Belgian minister of Foreign affairs (1958-61) [or 4/18]
  • Apr 9 J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)
  • Apr 10 Jan H van Roijen, diplomat/Netherland foreign minister
  • Apr 11 József Attila, Hungarian poet (d. 1937)
  • Apr 14 Frits Philips, Dutch engineer/CEO (Philips)
  • Apr 14 Holmesdale Charles "Slinger" Nitschke, cricket batsman (S Aus & Test)
  • Apr 14 Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (d. 1999)
  • Apr 16 John Lee-Barber, admiral
  • Apr 17 Arthur Lake, Corbin Ky, actor (Dagwood-Blondie)
  • Apr 17 Louis Jean Heydt, actor (Joe-Waterfront), born in Montclair, New Jersey
  • Apr 18 George H. Hitchings, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • Apr 19 John S "Jimmy" Thach, US pilot/admiral (WW II)
  • Apr 19 Tommy Benford, jazz drummer
  • Apr 21 Edmund G "Pat" Brown, (Gov-D-California)
  • Apr 21 Pat Brown, American politician (d. 1996)
  • Apr 22 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • Apr 23 Lord Carew, Ireland, judge (dressage)
  • Apr 24 Robert Penn Warren, 1st US poet laureate (All the King's Men)
  • Apr 25 Hugh Willatt, solicitor/public servant
  • Apr 25 Walter Hassan, engineer
  • Apr 25 George Nepia, New Zealand rugby player (d. 1986)
  • Apr 26 Charles K Feldman, [Gould], American producer (Casino Royale), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 26 Denis O'Dea, actor (Esther & the King, Treasure Island), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Apr 26 Jean Vigo, France, actor/director (Zero For Conduct, L'Atlante)
  • Apr 27 Julian Stryjkowski, writer
  • Apr 27 Philip Radcliffe, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 30 John Peters Humphrey, Canadian jurist and human rights advocate (Universal Declaration on Human Rights), born in Hampton, New Brunswick (d. 1995)


Famous Deaths

  • Apr 4 Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter/sculptor, dies at 73
  • Apr 23 Karel Komzák II, Viennese composer, dies at 54
  • Apr 23 Gédéon Ouimet, Quebec politician (b. 1823)
  • Apr 25 Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70
  • Apr 28 Fitzhugh Lee, American Confederate general (b. 1835)
  • Apr 29 Ignacio Cervantes, composer, dies at 57