What Happened in December 1913

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
  • Dec 1 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • Dec 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • Dec 2 French Government -Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 6 White Sox beat Giants 9-4 in exhibition game in Tokyo
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF
  • Dec 9 Heavyweight Jack Johnson-Jim Johnson fight to no decision in Paris
  • Dec 9 John K Tener becomes president of baseball's National League
  • Dec 10 Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics
  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum
  • Dec 12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • Dec 13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • Dec 14 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • Dec 15 Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 16 Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
  • Dec 18 The Indian Inquiry Commission, also known as the Solomon Commission, commences its sittings in Pretoria
  • Dec 19 Jack Johnson fights Jim Johnson to a draw in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
  • Dec 21 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 23 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Dec 29 1st movie serial "Adventures of Kathlyn" premieres in Chicago
  • Dec 30 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 1 Mary Martin, American actress (Peter Pan) and Larry Hagman's mom, born in Weatherford, Texas (d. 1990)

Actress Mary Martin
Mary Martin
  • Dec 3 Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish industrial/resistance fighter
  • Dec 6 Eleanor Holm, American 100m backstroke swimmer (Olympic-gold-1932), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 8 Delmore Schwartz, US, poet/short story writer/critic (Shenandoah)
  • Dec 8 Paul Félix, Flemish architect (Sun Song)
  • Dec 10 Morton Gould, Richmond Hill NY, prolific composer (Verdun)
  • Dec 10 Harry Locke, English actor (d. 1987)
  • Dec 11 Jean Marais, Cherbourgh France, actor (Donkey Skin, Orpheus)
  • Dec 12 Eve Lister, actress/singer (No Limit, Hyde Park)
  • Dec 12 Hal Dickinson, singer (Modernaires)
  • Dec 12 Stanley Bate, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 13 Archie Moore, light-heavyweight boxing champion (1952-60), born in Benoit, Mississippi, (d. 1998)

Boxing Champion Archie Moore
Boxing Champion
Archie Moore
  • Dec 13 Jimmy Carroll, American pianist (Most Important People), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 13 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian
  • Dec 15 Muriel Rukeyser, US, poet (1977 Shelley Memorial Award)
  • Dec 15 Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager
  • Dec 18 Alfred Bester, US, science fiction author (Decievers, Starlight)
  • Dec 18 Donald Phillips, pianist/composer
  • Dec 18 Lynn Bari, Roanoke Va, actress (Connie-Detective Wife, Earthbound)
  • Dec 18 Saburo Takata, composer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 18 Willy Brandt, Chancellor of West Germany (1969-74, Nobel 1971) born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1992)

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • Dec 18 Ray Meyer, American basketball coach (d. 2006)
  • Dec 19 William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)
  • Dec 21 Raich Carter, soccer star
  • Dec 22 Anthony Barber Doncaster, bookseller
  • Dec 23 Hans Henkemans, composer
  • Dec 23 Leo A Ketelaars, Dutch oratorio vocalist
  • Dec 24 Karl Michael Komma, composer
  • Dec 25 Henri Nannen, journalist
  • Dec 25 Tony Martin [Alvin Morris], American singer (It's a Blue World, To Each), born in San Francisco, California
  • Dec 26 Frank Swift, English footballer and journalist (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 27 Elizabeth Smart, Canadian author (By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept), born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • Dec 28 Lou Jacobi, comedian (Dean Martin Show, Melba), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • Dec 29 Laurence Gower, academic
  • Dec 30 Svend Simon Schultz, composer
  • Dec 30 Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (d. 2002)

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 7 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX (b. 1828)
  • Dec 12 Emperor Menelek II of Ethiopia (b. 1844)
  • Dec 17 Stefano Gobatti, composer, dies at 61
  • Dec 22 Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913), dies at 69
  • Dec 23 James Middleton, cricketer (24 wkt of lefty pace S Af 1895-1903), dies