What Happened in January 1914

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
  • Jan 1 Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • Jan 1 Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
  • Jan 2 Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven
  • Jan 3 Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in NYC
  • Jan 5 Ford Motor Co wages jump from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day
  • Jan 6 Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded
  • Jan 7 1st steamboat passes through Panama Canal
  • Jan 10 1st edition of Hague's Post under SF van Oss, published
  • Jan 10 Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 m in 43.7 sec in Oslo
  • Jan 10 Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor
  • Jan 13 IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia

CommunicationModel T

Jan 14 Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Jan 14 The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 16 Writer Maxim Gorky returns to Russia

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 17 Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus" premieres in Berlin

Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Jan 20 The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment
  • Jan 22 Paul Claudel's "L'échange" premieres in Paris
  • Jan 24 Opera "Madeleine" premieres in NYC
  • Jan 25 An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters
  • Jan 26 600 Dutch textile workers go on strike
  • Jan 26 Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index
  • Jan 27 A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women
  • Jan 28 1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC)
  • Jan 28 Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and SOE agent (d. 1944)
  • Jan 3 Jean Louvel, Flemish pianist/conductor/composer
  • Jan 4 Mohammed Sahir, shah (Afghanistan)
  • Jan 4 Herman Franks, American baseball player

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 5 George Reeves, [George Lescher Bessolo], Ashland Ky, actor (Superman, Gone With the Wind)

  • Jan 5 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (d. 1955)
  • Jan 6 Arnold Richardson, composer
  • Jan 6 Danny Thomas, Deerfield Mich, comedian (Danny Thomas Show)
  • Jan 6 David Bruce, Kankakee Ill, actor (Harry-Beulah)
  • Jan 8 Charles Borromeo Mills, composer
  • Jan 9 Derek Allhusen, England, equestrian (Olympic-gold-1968)
  • Jan 9 Gypsy Rose Lee, [Rose Hovick], burlesque actress (Gypsy), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Jan 9 Kenny [Klook] Clarke, jazz/drummer, composer (Epistrop), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 10 Claude Gallimard, France, publisher
  • Jan 10 Polly Rowles, actress (Aunt Laurie-Jamie), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 10 Yu Kuo-hwa, former Premier of Taiwan (d. 2000)
  • Jan 11 Dorothy Jeakins, costume designer
  • Jan 12 Edward John Gurney, American politician, US senator (1969-74), born in Portland, Maine (d. 1996)
  • Jan 14 Harold Russell, actor (Best Years of Our Life)
  • Jan 15 Lord Dacre of Glanton, British historian
  • Jan 16 Roger Aubert, Belgium, church historian (Le Pontificat de Pie IX)
  • Jan 16 Roger Wagner, American choral musician (d. 1992)
  • Jan 17 Anacleto Angelini, Chilean businessman (d. 2007)
  • Jan 18 Arno Schmidt, German writer, born in Hamburg (d. 1979)
  • Jan 19 Bob Gerard, British racing driver (d. 1990)
  • Jan 20 Wensley Pithey, Cape Town South Africa, actor (Winston Churchill-Ike)
  • Jan 22 Dimitri Dragatakis, composer
  • Jan 23 Napoleon L Bonaparte, French pretender to the throne
  • Jan 26 Kaye Webb, English writer/publisher (Puffin Club)
  • Jan 26 Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar (d. 2006)
  • Jan 27 Anna Larina, revolutionary
  • Jan 28 Nelson Olmsted [or Olmstead], American voice actor (Sleep No More), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1992)
  • Jan 30 David Wayne, Traverse City Mich, actor (Andromeda Strain, Adams Rib)
  • Jan 30 John Ireland, actor (Rawhide, Gunfight at OK Corral), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Jan 30 Louis Osman, artist architect goldsmith medallist/craftsman
  • Jan 31 Carey Lofton, Blountsville Fla, actor (Skinner-Troubleshooters)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 31 Jersey Joe Walcott, Merchantville New Jersey, heavyweight boxing champ (1951-52)

World Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jersey Joe
World Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jersey Joe
  • Jan 31 Louis Osman, architect/artist/goldsmith
  • Jan 31 Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure

Famous Weddings

  • Jan 14 Danish "Out of Africa" author Karen Blixen (28), pen name Isak Dinesen marries her 2nd cousin Baron Hans von Blixen-Finecke

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 3 Stephane Raoul Pugno, composer, dies at 62
  • Jan 4 Silas Weir Mitchell, US physician/author (Free Quaker), dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 11 Ambrose Bierce, American writer and satirist, dies at 71

Writer & Satirist Ambrose Bierce
Writer & Satirist
Ambrose Bierce
  • Jan 11 Carl Jacobsen, Danish brewer and patron of the arts after whom the Carlsberg brewery was named (b. 1842)
  • Jan 13 Bernardus H Heldt, Dutch MP, dies at 72
  • Jan 13 Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea, composer, dies 76
  • Jan 20 Emil Liebling, composer, dies at 62
  • Jan 20 Henry Southwick Perkins, composer, dies at 80
  • Jan 21 Theodor Kittelsen, Norwegian artist (b. 1857)
  • Jan 22 Frederik Rung, composer, dies at 60