What Happened in September 1914

Historical Events

  • Sep 1 Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
  • Sep 1 St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
  • Sep 1 Von Gluck's army meets up with British expeditionary army
  • Sep 1 The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
  • Sep 1 34th U.S. Men's National Championship: R. Norris Williams beats Maurice McLoughlin (6-3, 8-6, 10-8)
  • Sep 2 -3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux
  • Sep 2 The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews
  • Sep 3 British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne
  • Sep 3 Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
  • Sep 3 French troops vacate Rheims
  • Sep 3 Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
  • Sep 3 Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians
  • Sep 4 General von Moltke ceases German advance in France
  • Sep 4 France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace
  • Sep 5 World War I: Battle of Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)
  • Sep 5 French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine
  • Sep 5 Gr Britain/France/Belgium/Russia sign pact of London
  • Sep 5 Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins
  • Sep 5 US President Wilson orders the US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; this will lead to the interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping to bring the US into the war
  • Sep 7 NY Post Office Building opens to public
  • Sep 8 HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titanic, sinks off Scotland
  • Sep 8 Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1
  • Sep 9 -12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp
  • Sep 9 Boston Brave George Davis no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 7-0
  • Sep 9 First fully mechanized unit in the British Army created - the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade (WWI)
  • Sep 9 Meeting held at Gaelic League headquarters between Irish Republican Brotherhood and other extreme republicans; initial decision made to stage an uprising while Britain is at war

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 11 W. C. Handy publishes "St Louis Blues"

Musician and Father of the Blues W. C. Handy
Musician and Father of the Blues
W. C. Handy
  • Sep 11 Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
  • Sep 12 Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
  • Sep 14 German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn
  • Sep 14 German troops withdraw from Aisne/invent trenches
  • Sep 15 Battle of Aisne begins between Germans & French during WW I
  • Sep 15 US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico
  • Sep 17 Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
  • Sep 18 Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 18 General Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on the Eastern Front

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Sep 18 Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent
  • Sep 18 South African troops land in German South West Africa
  • Sep 19 Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2
  • Sep 20 John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
  • Sep 22 1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die
  • Sep 22 Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany
  • Sep 23 Reds drop their 19th straight game, then beat Boston Braves
  • Sep 26 Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce
  • Sep 26 Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels
  • Sep 27 Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit
  • Sep 28 German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I)
  • Sep 29 Boston Braves, who were in last place in mid-July, clinch NL pennant

Famous Birthdays

  • Sep 2 Booker T Laury, blues pianist/vocalist
  • Sep 2 Tom Glazer, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 2003)
  • Sep 3 Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (d. 1994)
  • Sep 4 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive, third postwar chairman of Volkswagen (d. 2003)
  • Sep 5 Gail Kubik, South Coffeyville, Oklahoma, composer (Gerald McBoing Boing)
  • Sep 5 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet (Defense of Violeta Parra)
  • Sep 5 Stuart Freeborn, motion picture make-up artist (Star Wars: Yoda, Jabba the Hut), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • Sep 7 Herbert Delauney Bill Hughes, educationist
  • Sep 7 Hugo Pfister, composer
  • Sep 7 Ian Ball, photographer
  • Sep 7 James Van Allen, US physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts)
  • Sep 7 Graeme Bell, Australian pianist and composer
  • Sep 8 Dimitrios I, patriarch (primus interparis orthodox Christians)
  • Sep 8 Hillary Brooke, Abbott & Costello's neighbor (Hillary)
  • Sep 10 Robert Wise, director (Day the Earth Stood Still, West Side Story)
  • Sep 12 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst (d. 1988)
  • Sep 12 Desmond Llewelyn, Welsh actor (d. 1999)
  • Sep 13 Leonard Geoffrey Feather, jazz critic/musician
  • Sep 14 Kay Medford, actress (Dean Martin Show, To Rome With Love), born in NYC, New York
  • Sep 14 Michael Spisak, composer
  • Sep 14 Pietro Germi, Genoa Italy, actor/director (Divorce Italian Style)
  • Sep 14 Lída Baarová, Czech actress (d. 2000)
  • Sep 14 Clayton Moore, American actor (d. 1999), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Sep 14 Robert McCloskey, American author (d. 2003)
  • Sep 14 Robert S. Dietz, Westfield New Jersey, American Geophysicist who proposed a theory of seafloor spreading in 1961
  • Sep 15 Creighton Abrams, US, army general (Vietnam War)
  • Sep 15 Jens Otto Krag, premier of Denmark (1962-68, 71-72)
  • Sep 15 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • Sep 16 Allen Funt, American TV host & creator (Candid Camera), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Sep 17 Shin Kanemaru, politician
  • Sep 18 Jack Cardiff, British film director
  • Sep 19 Rogers Morton, US Secretary of Interior (1968-75), born in Louisville, Kentucky
  • Sep 20 Kenneth More, England, actor (39 Steps, Doctor in the House)
  • Sep 21 John Kluge, American television mogul (Metromedia) and at one time the richest person in the United States, born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 2010)
  • Sep 23 Norman Cazden, composer
  • Sep 23 Omar Ali Saifuddin III, Sultan of Brunei (d. 1986)
  • Sep 24 Andrzej Panufnik, composer (Tragic Overture), born in Warsaw, Poland
  • Sep 24 Hein J M Jordans, Dutch conductor
  • Sep 24 Herb Jeffries, actor (Where's Huddles), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Sep 24 Sir John Kerr, 18th Governor-General of Australia, who dismissed Whitlam government (d. 1991)
  • Sep 25 Frederick William Sternfield, musicologist
  • Sep 26 Jack LaLanne, exercise mogul (Juice Tiger)
  • Sep 28 Harold Taylor, Canada, educator (Art & the Future)
  • Sep 28 Jim Boyd, American country and western musician (Men of the West) (d. 1993)
  • Sep 28 Lord Abinger [James Richard Scarlett], Datchet, Berkshire, English Conservative peer, campaigned for reform of the ancient law on treasure trove

Famous Deaths

  • Sep 1 Martha, last known passenger pigeon, dies at Cincinnati Zoo
  • Sep 3 Lucien-Denis-Gabriel-Alberic Magnard, composer, dies at 49
  • Sep 5 Charles Péguy, French poet, essayist and editor (b. 1873)
  • Sep 7 Lord O'Brien, British nobleman, dies at 73
  • Sep 8 William E Darwin, British son of Charles Darwin, dies at 74
  • Sep 15 Jacobus Herculas de la Rey, [Uncle Chose], Boer general, dies at 66
  • Sep 22 Alain-Fournier, French writer (Grand Meaulnes), dies in battle at 27
  • Sep 25 A Lichtenstein, writer, dies at 25
  • Sep 25 Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter, dies at 76
  • Sep 28 Stevan Mokranjac, composer, dies at 58
  • Sep 28 Richard Sears, businessman (Sears, Roebuck and Company) (b. 1863)
  • Sep 29 Jean Bouin, French marathoner (Olympic-silver-1912), dies in battle