What Happened in August 1918

Historical Events

  • Aug 1 British troops enter Vladivostok
  • Aug 1 Pittsburgh Pirates beat Boston Braves, 2-0, in 21 innings
  • Aug 2 Japan announces that it is deploying troops to Siberia in the aftermath of World War I.
  • Aug 3 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Adolf Hitler receives the Iron Cross first class for bravery on the recommendation of his Jewish superior, Lieutenant Hugo Gutmann

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Aug 6 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • Aug 6 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • Aug 8 WW I: The Battle of Amiens begins - Canada/Australian/British breakthrough with 600 tanks
  • Aug 8 6 US soldiers are surrounded by Germans in France, Alvin York is given command & shoots 20 Germans & captures 132 more
  • Aug 9 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • Aug 12 WW I: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • Aug 13 Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany
  • Aug 15 1st full length cartoon (Sinking of Lusitania)
  • Aug 16 US troops overrun at Archangelsk by Bolshevik troops
  • Aug 17 British troops attack Baku, Azerbaijan
  • Aug 17 Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
  • Aug 17 Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
  • Aug 17 Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Aug 19 Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank" premieres in NYC

Composer and Lyricist Irving Berlin
Composer and Lyricist
Irving Berlin
  • Aug 20 WW I: Britain opens offensive on Western front
  • Aug 24 Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
  • Aug 24 Sect Baker grants extended exemption to World Series players
  • Aug 26 W Smith & F Bacon's "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • Aug 27 Christy Mathewson resigns as Reds manager to accept a commission as a captain in chemical warfare branch of Army
  • Aug 27 Dr Joseph L Johnson named as US minister to Liberia
  • Aug 28 Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
  • Aug 29 Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive
  • Aug 30 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

MurderAssassination Attempt

Aug 30 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Aug 31 Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)

Famous Birthdays

  • Aug 1 Wyndraeth Morris-Jones, British political scientist, born in Carmarthenshire (d. 1999)
  • Aug 3 James MacGregor Burns, political writer (The Lion & the Fox)
  • Aug 3 Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (d. 1999)
  • Aug 3 Larry Haines, American actor (d. 2008)
  • Aug 4 Iceberg Slim (a.k.a. Robert Beck), American author (d. 1992)
  • Aug 5 Tom Drake, American actor (d. 1982)
  • Aug 5 Betty Oliphant, Canadian ballerina (d. 2004)
  • Aug 6 Norman Granz, American record producer (d. 2001)
  • Aug 7 Cees Buddingh', Dutch poet/writer/interpreter
  • Aug 9 Robert Aldrich, US director/producer (Dirty Dozen)
  • Aug 10 Eugene Wilkinson, naval officer (first nuclear sub commander), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 12 Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross, born in Simla, India (d. 1944)

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Aug 12 Sid Bernstein, music producer/promoter (Beatles, Rolling Stones), born in New York City (d. 2013)
  • Aug 13 Denis Smallwood, British air chief marshal
  • Aug 13 Frederick Sanger, England, biochemist (Nobel 1958, 1980)
  • Aug 13 John Bunting, senior civil servant
  • Aug 15 Florian Zabach, American musician and TV personality (Hot Canary, Club Embassy), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 15 Fay Honey Knopp, activist
  • Aug 15 Raymond Gallois-Montbrun, composer
  • Aug 17 Mort Marshall, actor (Cully-Dumplings), born in NYC, New York
  • Aug 19 James George "Jimmy" Rowles, jazz pianist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 20 Jacqueline Susann, author (Valley of the Dolls), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1974)

  • Aug 21 Billy Reay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2004)
  • Aug 22 Mary McGrory, American journalist (d. 2004)
  • Aug 23 Guus [August CM] Hermus, Dutch actor (Jantjes, Soldaat van Oranje)
  • Aug 24 Ray McIntire, chemical engineer
  • Aug 24 Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (d. 2004)
  • Aug 25 Leonard Bernstein, Lawrence MA, conductor/composer (West Side Story)
  • Aug 25 Richard Greene, Plymouth England, composer/actor (The Adventures of Robin Hood)
  • Aug 26 Louis W "Louis" Stotijn, bassoonist/conductor (Residence Orchestra)
  • Aug 27 Lord Winstanley, physician/British MP (Labour)
  • Aug 28 Alejandro Lanusse, army officer/politician
  • Aug 29 Jelle Zijlstra, economist/minister/pres Netherlands Bank

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 30 Ted Williams, American baseball player and last player in MLB to bat over .400 in a single season (Red Sox, AL MVP '46, '49; Trip Crown '42, '47), born in San Diego, California (d. 2002)

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Aug 30 Billy Johnson, American baseball player (d. 2006)
  • Aug 31 Alan Jay Lerner, lyricist composer (Lerner & Loewe-My Fair Lady)
  • Aug 31 Lucrecia Roces Kasilag, composer

Famous Weddings

  • Aug 18 Italian tenor Enrico Caruso (45) weds socialite Dorothy Benjamin (25)

Famous Deaths

  • Aug 1 John Riley Banister, American cowboy and Texas Ranger (b. 1854)
  • Aug 3 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (Het Volk), dies at 41
  • Aug 8 Gertrude E Durden Rush, US composer/playwright, dies at 38
  • Aug 10 Erich Lowenhardt, Germany flying ace of World War I (b. 1897)
  • Aug 12 Anna Held, Polish-born actress and singer (b. 1872)
  • Aug 15 Heinrich K√∂selitz [Peter Gast], German composer, dies at 64
  • Aug 22 Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (b. 1868)
  • Aug 29 Max Dauthendey, writer, dies at 51
  • Aug 31 Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WW I), dies at 36