What Happened in November 1918

Historical Events

  • Nov 1 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • Nov 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
  • Nov 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire disolves
  • Nov 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • Nov 3 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • Nov 4 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • Nov 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • Nov 6 Supreme commander of the army Gen Cutters resigns
  • Nov 6 WW I: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Nov 7 United Press erroneously reports WW I armistice had been signed
  • Nov 7 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd
  • Nov 7 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year
  • Nov 7 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria
  • Nov 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs
  • Nov 9 Bavaria proclaims itself a republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in WW I

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Nov 9 Republic Germany proclaimed
  • Nov 10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands
  • Nov 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Pilsudski
  • Nov 10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • Nov 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • Nov 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • Nov 11 Poland declares independence
  • Nov 11 Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect, WW I hostilities end at 11.00 am
  • Nov 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • Nov 13 Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates
  • Nov 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • Nov 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Nov 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • Nov 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • Nov 17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • Nov 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • Nov 18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • Nov 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • Nov 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia Poland
  • Nov 21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • Nov 22 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • Nov 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • Nov 22 Marshal Józef Pilsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • Nov 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • Nov 24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • Nov 26 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.
  • Nov 28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • Nov 28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • Nov 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro

Famous Birthdays

  • Nov 3 Bob Feller, Van Meter, Iowa, American baseball pitcher (Cleveland Indian, 3 no-hitters)
  • Nov 3 Russell B Long, (Sen-D-LA, 1948-86)
  • Nov 3 Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)
  • Nov 3 Dean Riesner, film and television screenwriter (d. 2002)
  • Nov 4 Art Carney, Mount Vernon NY, actor (Ed Norton-Honeymooners)
  • Nov 4 Cameron Mitchell, Dallastown Pa, actor (Buck-High Chaparral)
  • Nov 6 Ronnie Brody, England, actor (Superman 3, What's Up Nurse, Ritz)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 7 Billy Graham, American Baptist evangelist (Crusades), born in Charlotte, North Carolina

Evangelist Billy Graham
Billy Graham
  • Nov 7 Maria Teresa de Noronha, Portuguese Fado singer (d. 1993)
  • Nov 7 Paul Aussaresses, French general
  • Nov 8 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer ( Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)
  • Nov 9 Howard Shanet, conductor (Night of the Tropics), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Nov 9 Spiro Theodore Agnew, (R) 39th VP (1968-75), resigns on tax evasion charges
  • Nov 9 Choi Hong Hi, Founder of Taekwon-Do (d. 2002)
  • Nov 9 Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima (d. 2000)
  • Nov 10 Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973)
  • Nov 10 Jack McCoy, TV host (Live Like a Millionaire), born in Akron, Ohio
  • Nov 10 Martin Hanley, cricketer (took 1-88 with off-spin in Test for South Africa)
  • Nov 10 Oda Blinder, [Yolanda Corsen], Antillean poetess (Doorstep)
  • Nov 11 Jürg Baur, German composer, born in Düsseldorf (2010)
  • Nov 11 Stubby Kaye, actor (Guys & Dolls, Lil' Abner, Cat Ballou), born in NYC, New York
  • Nov 13 Janine Andrade, French violinist
  • Nov 18 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero (d. 2007)
  • Nov 19 Catherine Elizabeth Pennington, personal assistant
  • Nov 19 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Utrecht the Netherlands, Dutch astronomer who correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space
  • Nov 20 Dora Ratjen, Germany, man possing as woman high jumper (Oly-4th-1936)
  • Nov 22 Claiborne Pell, (Sen-D-RI, 1961- )
  • Nov 24 Roley Jenkins, cricketer (English leg-spinner 1948-52)
  • Nov 24 Tom "Stubby" Fouts, Carroll County Ind, actor (Polka-go-round)
  • Nov 24 William Strethan "Wild Bill" Davis, musician
  • Nov 26 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer and politician, President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • Nov 27 Zeev Wolfgang Steinberg, composer
  • Nov 29 Herb Shriner, host/humorist (Herb Shriner Show), born in Toledo, Ohio
  • Nov 29 Madeleine L'Engle, [Franklin], US, sci-fi author (Ilsa, Love Letters)
  • Nov 30 Efren Zimbalist Jr, actor (77 Sunset Strip, FBI, Scruples), born in NYC, New York (d. 2014)

Famous Deaths

  • Nov 3 Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov, Russian scientist (b. 1857)
  • Nov 4 Wilfred Owens, anti-war poet (Anthem for doomed youth), dies at 25
  • Nov 9 Guillaume Apollinaire, [Kostrowitsky], Fr poet (Alcools), dies at 38
  • Nov 11 Victor Adler, Austrian neurologist/foreign minister, dies
  • Nov 11 George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier, last person to be killed in WW I (b. 1892)
  • Nov 13 Marten Baersma, [MH Bottema], Fries author, dies at 28
  • Nov 15 Georges Antoine, composer, dies at 26
  • Nov 18 Reggie Schwartz, cricketer (55 wickets for South Africa), dies
  • Nov 26 Charlie McLeod, cricketer (all-rounder for Australia 1894-1905), dies
  • Nov 28 Alexis Contant, composer, dies at 60
  • Nov 29 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Helten), dies at 40