What Happened in October 1918

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Oct 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • Oct 3 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • Oct 3 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St NYC

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Oct 4 Musical "Sometime" with Mae West premieres in NYC

Actress Mae West
Actress
Mae West
  • Oct 6 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die
  • Oct 8 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing 25 and capturing 132 Germans
  • Oct 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • Oct 11 Major Tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • Oct 12 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • Oct 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • Oct 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • Oct 18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Oct 18 NHL's Quebec Bulldogs sold to a Toronto businessman P. J. Quinn
  • Oct 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)
  • Oct 20 In order to secure an armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions
  • Oct 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • Oct 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hit a reef off Alaska, 398 die
  • Oct 26 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • Oct 26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • Oct 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up
  • Oct 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • Oct 30 WW I: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October
  • Oct 31 Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • Oct 31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 1 Antonio Iglesias Alvares, composer
  • Oct 4 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • Oct 6 André Pilette, Belgian racing driver (d. 1993)
  • Oct 7 Guido Aristarco, film critic
  • Oct 7 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • Oct 8 Ron Randell, Australian actor (Loves of Carmen, I am a Camera), born in Sydney, New South Wales
  • Oct 9 E Howard Hunt, Hamburg NY, involved in Watergate break-in
  • Oct 9 Lila Kedrova, Russian-born actress (d. 2000)
  • Oct 10 Bobby Byrne, orchestra leader (Club Seven), born in Columbus, Ohio
  • Oct 10 Jean Gimpel, author/iconoclast
  • Oct 10 Jigal Allon, Israeli politician
  • Oct 11 Jerome Robbins, [Rabinowitz], NY, choreographer (Tony-West Side Story)
  • Oct 12 Emil Cossetto, composer
  • Oct 13 Jack MacGowran, actor (King Lear, Exorcist), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Oct 13 Robert Walker, Salt Lake City Utah, actor/writer (Bataan, Mme Curie)
  • Oct 14 Doug Ring, cricketer (Australian leggie of the late 40's early 50's)
  • Oct 14 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • Oct 16 Bill Nichols, (Rep-D-AL, 1967- )
  • Oct 17 Rita Hayworth, NY, [Marguerita C Casino], actress (Gilda, Pal Joey)
  • Oct 18 Bobby Troup, Harrisburg Pa, pianist/actor (Emergency, Acapulco)
  • Oct 18 James Cameron Tudor, politician
  • Oct 18 Konstantinos Mitsottakis, premier of Greece (1990- )
  • Oct 18 Willem J "Molly" Geertsema, Dutch liberal/interior minister)
  • Oct 18 Constantine Mitsotakis [Konstantinos Mitsotakis], Prime Minister of Greece (1990 –1993), born in Halepa, Crete (d. 2017)
  • Oct 19 Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)
  • Oct 19 Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor
  • Oct 20 Anton Diffring, Koblenz Germany, actor (Assignment Vienna)
  • Oct 20 Robert Lochner, German journalist (d. 2003)
  • Oct 22 Lou Klein, American baseball player (d. 1976)
  • Oct 23 James Daly, Wisc, actor (Medical Center)
  • Oct 23 Peggy Moran, actress (Double Date, Horror Island)
  • Oct 27 Paul Dixon, Earling Iowa, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show)
  • Oct 27 Teresa Wright, American actress (Eleanor Gehrig-Pride of the Yankees), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 28 Harold Sheperdson, soccer trainer
  • Oct 29 Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (d. 2007)
  • Oct 30 Robert Feller, Van Meter Iowa, MLB pitcher (Cleveland Indians, led AL in strikeouts 7 times)
  • Oct 31 Ian Stevenson, American parapsychologist (d. 2007)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 23 Actor Charlie Chaplin (29) weds Mildred Harris (17)

Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker
Charlie Chaplin

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 5 Roland Garros, French stunt flyer, dies
  • Oct 7 C Hubert H Parry, Engl musicologist/composer (Jerusalem), dies at 70
  • Oct 9 Michail V Alekseyev, Russian general (WW I), murdered at 60
  • Oct 13 Gerrit Engelke, German writer (Briefer der Liebe), dies
  • Oct 15 Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • Oct 16 Felix Arndt, American composer, dies during the Spanish Flu pandemic at 29
  • Oct 17 Gordon White, cricketer (WW I Superb South African batsman 1905-12), dies
  • Oct 19 Joseph Lesage, French painter/etcher (WW I), dies at 34
  • Oct 19 Harold Lockwood, American actor (b. 1887)
  • Oct 22 Myrtle Gonzalez, American film and stage actress (b. 1891)
  • Oct 24 Alexander Charles Lecocq, composer, dies at 86
  • Oct 28 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician (b. 1845)
  • Oct 31 Egon Schiele, Austria painter/graphic artist, dies at 28
  • Oct 31 Stephen Tisza, Hungarian PM (-1917), assassinated by soldiers