What Happened in March 1919

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • Mar 2 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • Mar 3 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
  • Mar 3 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • Mar 5 Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC
  • Mar 6 NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens beat Ottawa Senators, 3 games to 1 with 1 tie
  • Mar 11 General strike in Germany crushed
  • Mar 12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 12 George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC

  • Mar 15 American Legion forms (Paris)
  • Mar 16 Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung" premieres in Hamburg
  • Mar 17 Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
  • Mar 18 Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City
  • Mar 23 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. It's original members were Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky.

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Mar 25 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 28 78th Grand National: Ernie Piggott aboard Poethlyn wins
  • Mar 29 Stanley Cup: Mont (NHL) & Seat (PCHA) win 2 games each with 1 tie, 1919 Stanley Cup not awarded due to flu epidemic
  • Mar 30 Belgian Army occupies Dusseldorf

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Mar 30 Paul Claudel's "TĂȘte d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 31 Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 2 Eddie Lawrence, comedian
  • Mar 2 Jennifer Jones, [Phyllis Isley], Oklahoma, actress (Farewell to Arms)
  • Mar 2 Tamara Toumanova, dancer
  • Mar 4 Buck Baker, American racecar driver (d. 2002)
  • Mar 6 Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • Mar 7 Jocelyn Olaf Hambro, financier
  • Mar 7 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Jakarta)
  • Mar 8 Ivor Keys, musician/teacher
  • Mar 10 Marion Hutton, American actress and singer (Glenn Miller Orchestra), born in Battle Creek, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • Mar 11 Mercer Ellington, son of Duke Ellington/bandleader
  • Mar 14 Luther Henderson Jr, orchestra leader (Polly Bergen Show), born in Kansas City, Missouri
  • Mar 14 Max Shulman, novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap)
  • Mar 15 John Gregson, actor (Gideon CID, Shirley's World), born in Liverpool, England
  • Mar 15 Lawrence Tierney, actor (Abduction, Dillinger), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Mar 16 Erno Kiraly, Yugoslavian composer, born in Subotica
  • Mar 17 Hank Sauer, baseball player (NL MVP 1952)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 17 Nat "King" Cole, singer (Unforgettable, Mona Lisa), born in Montgomery, Alabama (d. 1965)

Musician Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole
  • Mar 18 Laila Schou Nilsen, Norway, downhill skier (Olympic-gold-1936)
  • Mar 18 Len Johnson, cricketer (Australian fast bowler played Test in 1948)
  • Mar 18 Christopher Challis, British cinematographer
  • Mar 19 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • Mar 21 Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist
  • Mar 21 Lois Collier, SC, actress (Mary-Boston Blackie, Slave Girl)
  • Mar 23 Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal
  • Mar 23 Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • Mar 24 Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind), born in Bronxville, New York
  • Mar 24 John J Duncan Jr, (Rep-R-TN, 1965- )
  • Mar 24 Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005
  • Mar 25 Jeanne Cagney, actress (Lion is in the Streets, Quicksand)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 Strother Martin, American actor (Cool Hand Luke, Slapshot), born in Kokomo, Indiana (d. 1980)

  • Mar 26 Roger Leger, Quebec ice hockey player (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Mar 27 Simon van Collem, Dutch journalist/TV host (Amsterdamned)
  • Mar 28 Jacob Avshalomov, Tsingtao China, composer (Sinfonietta, The Oregon)
  • Mar 28 Tom Brooks, cricketer (NSW fast bowler of the 30's, later Test umpire)
  • Mar 28 Vic Raschi, American baseball player (d. 1988)
  • Mar 29 Eileen Heckart, actress (Doll's House, Trauma Center), born in Columbus, Ohio
  • Mar 30 McGeorge Bundy, national security adviser (JFK), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 30 Ramsay Ames, actress (G-Men Never Forget, Ali Baba & 40 Thieves)
  • Mar 31 Frank Akins, American football player (d. 1993)

Famous Divorces

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Mar 1 Actress Gloria Swanson (19) divorces actor Wallace Beery (31) after 2 years of marriage

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 2 Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (b. 1812)
  • Mar 5 Jozef Surzynski, composer, dies at 67
  • Mar 8 Auguste Tolbecque, composer, dies at 88
  • Mar 10 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer (Remember the Alamo), dies at 87
  • Mar 11 Harald Fryklof, composer, dies at 36
  • Mar 16 Sigurd von Koch, composer, dies at 39
  • Mar 23 Jean HL Bossard, actor/impresario (2 Orphans), dies at 45