What Happened in October 1919

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 World Series begins as a best of 9 affair, White Sox intentionally throw this series to satisfy gamblers (Black Sox Scandal)
  • Oct 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Oct 3 Reds Adolfo Luque is 1st Latin player to appear in a World Series
  • Oct 3 Serbian, Croatian & Slavic parliment accord for 8 hr work day
  • Oct 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • Oct 6 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • Oct 6 White Sox catcher Ray Schalk is 2nd man ejected from a World Series
  • Oct 7 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • Oct 7 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • Oct 10 Richard Strauss & Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna
  • Oct 11 First transcontinental air race ends
  • Oct 15 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money
  • Oct 17 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
  • Oct 19 1st US Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman - Anna Howard Shaw
  • Oct 19 Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th World Series. This series is known as black sox scandal as 8 White Sox throw series
  • Oct 23 Romberg & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 B C Hilliam's musical "Buddies" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 26 Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Op. 85, his last notable work, premieres in Queen's Hall London
  • Oct 26 US President Woodrow Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
  • Oct 27 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • Oct 28 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Woodrow Wilson's veto
  • Oct 30 Baseball league presidents call for abolishment of spitball

Famous Birthdays

  • Oct 2 Geoffrey Luttrell, Lord-Lt of Somerset
  • Oct 2 Shirley Clarke, film director
  • Oct 3 Boyd Bradfield Upchurch, [John Boyd], US, sci-fi author (IQ Merchant)
  • Oct 3 Walter Gieseler, composer
  • Oct 3 James M. Buchanan, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 5 Allen Ludden, Mineral Point Wisc, TV host (Password)
  • Oct 5 Donald Pleasence, Worksop England, actor (Fantastic Voyage, Halloween)
  • Oct 5 Luis H P Daal, Antillean literary
  • Oct 5 Robin Bailey, Hucknall England, actor (See No Evil, Screamtime)
  • Oct 7 Gabriel Dell, Barbados, actor (Steve Allen Show)
  • Oct 7 George Duby, historian
  • Oct 7 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • Oct 8 Bill Anderson, cricketer (played in 1st NZ-Aust Test 1946)
  • Oct 8 Kiichi Miyazawa, premier Japan (1991-93)
  • Oct 9 Rezso Sugar, Hungarian composer, born in Budapest (d. 1988)
  • Oct 10 Gerald Etheridge Gomez, cricketer (post-war WI all-rounder)
  • Oct 11 Art Blakey, drummer (Billy Eckstine Band, Jazz Messengers), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • Oct 11 Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (d. 1999)
  • Oct 12 Andre Casanova, composer
  • Oct 12 Gilles Beaudoin, Quebec politician (d. 2007)
  • Oct 14 Edward L Feightner, US rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands)
  • Oct 15 Edwin C Tubb, Brits sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall)
  • Oct 15 Howard Frank Trayton Smith, diplomat/head (MI5)
  • Oct 15 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist (d. 1985)
  • Oct 16 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • Oct 17 John Moroney, cricketer (Australian opener 1949-51)
  • Oct 17 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 18 Pierre Trudeau, 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • Oct 18 Anita O'Day (born Anita Belle Colton), jazz singer , born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Oct 18 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Oct 18 Camilla Williams, Danville, Virginia, operatic soprano, (d. 2012)
  • Oct 20 Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • Oct 21 Claire Sterling, journalist
  • Oct 21 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist
  • Oct 22 Doris Lessing, Kermanshah Iran, novelist (Golden Notebook), (d. 2013)
  • Oct 22 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • Oct 23 Manolis Andronicos, Bursa, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece
  • Oct 24 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 25 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran (1941-79), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1980)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 26 Edward W. Brooke, 1st African American senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2015)

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • Oct 28 Bernhard Wicki, St Polten Austria, director/actor (Crime & Passion)
  • Oct 30 Jane Randolph, actress (Railroaded!)
  • Oct 31 Magnus Wenninger, American priest, author of Polyhedron models

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 2 Ernest Halliwell, cricketer (South African wicketkeeper 1892-1904), dies
  • Oct 3 Daniel Brink Towner, American Hymn composer, dies at 69
  • Oct 5 Jean Louis Nicode, composer, dies at 66
  • Oct 7 Alfred Deakin, second Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1856)
  • Oct 8 Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la Robe), dies
  • Oct 13 Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • Oct 14 Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrial/son of Werner, dies
  • Oct 16 Charles Harford Lloyd, composer, dies on 70th birthday
  • Oct 21 Sven August Korling, composer, dies at 77
  • Oct 22 Bruce F Cummings, English author (Enjoying Life), dies at 30
  • Oct 27 John Harry, cricket wicketkeeper (Aust one Test 1895, one catch), dies
  • Oct 27 Theodoor H de Meester, premier (1905-08), dies
  • Oct 28 Ted Wainwright, cricketer (Yorks stalwart, 5 Tests 1893-98), dies
  • Oct 29 Soen Shaku, Zen abbot of Engakuji monastery in Kamakura, dies at 60
  • Oct 29 A. B. Simpson, Canadian preacher (b. 1843)