What Happened in January 1923

Historical Events

  • Jan 1 Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
  • Jan 1 Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
  • Jan 1 9th Rose Bowl: Southern California beats Penn State, 14-3
  • Jan 2 Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
  • Jan 4 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Fort Worth Texas)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 4 Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin

Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader
Vladimir Lenin
Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 7 Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
  • Jan 8 Typography strike in Amsterdam
  • Jan 9 Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro flight, Spain
  • Jan 10 Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
  • Jan 10 Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
  • Jan 11 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
  • Jan 11 French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 13 Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jan 17 Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 17 Origin of Brown lunation numbers
  • Jan 18 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
  • Jan 19 WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions
  • Jan 23 Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
  • Jan 24 Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
  • Jan 25 NVV donates 100,000 guilders to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
  • Jan 28 Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
  • Jan 29 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jan 1 Chalmers Goodlin, US test pilot (XS-1)
  • Jan 1 Milton Jackson, US, vibraphonist (Milt of Bags)
  • Jan 1 Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician (d. 1992)
  • Jan 3 Dragutin Gostuski, composer
  • Jan 3 Charles Tingwell, Australian actor
  • Jan 4 Flavio Testi, composer
  • Jan 5 Robert L Bernstein, publisher (Random House), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 5 Sam [Samuel] Phillips, Florence Alabama, record producer and founder of Sun Records (launched Elvis Presley's career)
  • Jan 6 Leah Chase, master chef, in the creole tradition
  • Jan 6 Jacobo Timerman, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • Jan 7 Charles Russell Woolen, composer
  • Jan 7 Hugh Kenner, Canadian literary critic (d. 2003)
  • Jan 8 Giorgio Tozzi, basso, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jan 8 Iva Michiels, [Rik Ceuppens], Flemish writer (Ksiega Alfa)
  • Jan 8 Johnny Wardle, cricketer (Yorkshire & England left-arm bowler of 50's)
  • Jan 8 Joseph Wiezenbaum, artificial intelligence pioneer
  • Jan 8 Larry Storch, comedian (F Troop, Larry Storch Show), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 8 Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American author and computer scientist (d. 2008)
  • Jan 10 Ingeborg Drewitz, writer
  • Jan 11 Carroll Shelby, American race car driver, automobile designer and businessman, (d. 2012)
  • Jan 12 Ira Hayes, American soldier (d. 1955)
  • Jan 13 Danil Shafran, cellist
  • Jan 13 Jack Watling, actor (Nanny, Adventure for 2, Naked Heart), born in London, England
  • Jan 15 Lee Teng-hui, president of ROC (Taiwan), head of KMT (1988- )
  • Jan 15 Ivor Cutler, Scottish poet (d. 2006)
  • Jan 16 Martin Stokken, Norway, nordic relay (Olympic-silver-1952)
  • Jan 16 Roy Lanham, Western guitar player (Sons of the Pioneers), born in Corbin Kentucky
  • Jan 16 Willem Aantjes, Dutch politicial leader (CDA)
  • Jan 16 Gene Feist, American stage actor and producer
  • Jan 16 Anthony Hecht, American poet (d. 2004)
  • Jan 17 Onno Molenkamp, Dutch actor (Lifespan, Broken Mirrors, The Lift)
  • Jan 17 Carol Raye, Australian actress
  • Jan 19 Jean Stapleton, actress (Damn Yankees, Klute, All in the Family) (d. 2013), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 19 Markus Wolf, German spy (d. 2006)
  • Jan 20 Nora Brockstedt, Norwegian singer
  • Jan 20 Slim Whitman, American singer, (d. 2013)
  • Jan 21 Judith Merril, [Josephine Juliet Grossman], sci-fi writer
  • Jan 21 Lola Flores, singer, dancer and actress (Kuma Ching, Faraona), born in Cadiz, Spain
  • Jan 22 Diana Douglas, actress (The Cowboys), born in Devonshire Bermuda (d. 2015)
  • Jan 22 Friedrich Zehm, composer
  • Jan 22 Leslie Bassett, classical composer (Variations for Orchestra - Pulitzer Prize 1966), born in Hanford, California (d. 2016)
  • Jan 23 Florence Halop, Queens, actress (Florence-Night Court, St Elsewhere)
  • Jan 23 Horace Ashenfelter, US, 3000m steeplechase (Olympic-gold-1952)
  • Jan 23 Walter M[ichael] Miller Jr, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, View from Stars)
  • Jan 24 Simeon ten Holt, composer
  • Jan 25 Eva Zeller, German writer, born in Eberswalde, Brandenburg
  • Jan 25 Rusty Draper, American country and pop singer (d. 2003)
  • Jan 25 Shirley Mason, American psychiatric patient (Commonly known as "Sybil") (d. 1998)
  • Jan 26 Anne Jeffreys, NC, actress (Dick Tracy, Topper, General Hospital)
  • Jan 29 Paddy Chayevsky, [Sydney], US, dramatist (Marty, Hospital) (d. 1981)
  • Jan 31 Eddie Ryder, actor (Slick Jones-General Hospital), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 31 Joanne Dru, Logan WV, actress (Guestwood Ho, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 31 Norman Mailer, Long Branch NJ, NYC mayoral candidate/novelist (Naked & the Dead), (d. 2007)

Novelist Norman Mailer
Norman Mailer

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 3 German politician Hermann Goering (30) weds Carin Hulda (34)

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering

HeartWedding of Interest

Jan 29 President of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (41) weds highly-educated woman Latife Hanim

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Famous Deaths

  • Jan 2 Sam Carter, African American resident of Rosewood Florida, lynched by KKK
  • Jan 3 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Good Soldier Schweyk), dies at 39

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 9 Katherine Mansfield, New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), dies of tuberculosis at 34

Short story writer Katherine Mansfield
Short story writer
Katherine Mansfield
  • Jan 11 Constantine I, king of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), dies at 54
  • Jan 14 Zübeyde Hanım, Mother of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (b. 1857)
  • Jan 18 Wallace Reid, actor (Birth of a Nation), dies at 31
  • Jan 23 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)