What Happened in May 1923

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 3 1st nonstop north American transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
  • May 4 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • May 4 NY state revokes Prohibition law
  • May 7 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • May 8 Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
  • May 11 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
  • May 12 48th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
  • May 13 Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
  • May 15 Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • May 17 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
  • May 19 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
  • May 19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • May 23 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister Bonar Law
British Prime Minister
Bonar Law
  • May 25 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • May 26 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run
  • May 26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • May 28 Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
  • May 28 US unemployment has nearly ended

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 30 Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton wins in 5:31:19.618 (145.718 km/h)
  • May 31 China & USSR exchange diplomats
  • May 31 The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.

Famous Birthdays

  • May 1 Joseph Heller, American novelist (Catch-22, 1963 Arts & Letters Award), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1999)
  • May 2 Christina Spierenburg, Dutch singer
  • May 3 Ralph M Hall, (Rep-D-TX, 1981- )
  • May 3 George Hadjinikos, Greek pianist and conductor
  • May 4 Ed Cassidy, American musician (Spirit)
  • May 4 Assi Rahbani, Lebanese composer and author
  • May 4 Eric Sykes, English writer, actor and director (Goon Show, Sykes and A...), born in Oldham (d. 2012)
  • May 5 Godfrey Quigley, actor (Barry Lyndon, Educating Rita, Rooney)
  • May 5 Richard Wollheim, British philosopher (d. 2003)
  • May 6 Elizabeth Sellars, actress (Chalk Garden), born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • May 6 Guiseppe Martelli, physicist
  • May 6 Vladimir Etush, Russian actor
  • May 7 Anne Baxter, Mich City Ind, actress (Myra-Marcus Welby, Victoria-Hotel)
  • May 7 Pete V Domenici, (Sen-R-NM, 1973- )
  • May 9 Johnny Grant, American radio personality, television producer (d. 2008)
  • May 10 John Dugdal, Lord-Lt (Salop)
  • May 10 Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
  • May 11 Joan Moriarty, Brigadier matron-in-chief/dir (Army Nursing Services)
  • May 11 Gordon White, British business tycoon and co-founder of corporate raider Hanson Group, born in Hull, England (d. 1995)
  • May 12 Ewart G Abner, record company executive
  • May 12 Giovanni Testori, Italian writer (Rocco e i suoi fratelli)
  • May 12 Lord Laing, English biscuit manufacturer/pilot/multi-millionaire
  • May 14 Diane Arbus, [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue/Harper's Bazaar), born in NYC, New York
  • May 14 Adnan Pachachi, Iraqi politician
  • May 15 Richard Avedon, US, photographer (1957 ASMP award)
  • May 15 John Lanchbery, English composer (d. 2003)
  • May 15 Johnny Walker, Indian actor (d. 2003)
  • May 16 Merton Miller, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • May 17 Michael Beetham, Marshal (RAF)
  • May 17 Miles Wingate, deputy master (Trinity House)
  • May 17 Peter Mennin[i], Erie Pennsylvania, composer (Moby Dick)
  • May 18 Liam Sullivan, Jacksonville Ill, actor (Mapoy-Monroes)
  • May 20 Edith Fellows, actress (Pennies From Heaven, City Streets), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • May 20 Hugh Beach, British General
  • May 20 Samuel "Sam" Selvon, Trinidad-born writer (The Lonely Londoners), born in San Fernando (d. 1996)
  • May 21 Ara Parseghian, American football player and coach (Northwestern, Notre Dame), born in Akron, Ohio
  • May 21 Bettye Danoff, LPGA golfer
  • May 21 Doris Mae Akers, gospel singer/songwriter
  • May 21 Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
  • May 23 Alicia de Larrocha, Copenhagen Denmark, pianist (Orquesta Sinfonica)
  • May 23 Nirode Chowdhury, Indian cricket pace bowler (1949-52)
  • May 24 Paul Bramley, oral surgeon
  • May 24 Siobhan McKenna, Ireland, stage actress (Saint Joan)
  • May 24 Seijun Suzuki, Japanese cult film director, born in Tokyo (d. 2017)
  • May 25 John Weitz, spy/author/fashion designer (Friends in High Places)
  • May 26 Horst Tapper, German director/actor (Derrick)
  • May 26 James Arness, actor (Matt Dillon-Gunsmoke, Thing), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • May 26 Oren Lee Staley, 1st President of the National Farmers Organization (1955-79), born in Whitesville, Missouri (d. 1988)
  • May 26 Roy Dotrice, Guernsey Channel Island, actor (Wizard)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 27 Henry Kissinger, US Secretary of State (1973-77) and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, born in F├╝rth, Bavaria, Germany

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • May 27 Lord Freyberg, British Colonel of General Staff
  • May 27 Sumner Redstone, American entrepreneur
  • May 27 Ingeborg "Inge" Morath, Graz Austria, Magnum photographer and wife of Arthur Miller
  • May 28 Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao, India, film star (Patala Bhairavi)
  • May 29 Earl of Morley, Lord Lt (Devon)
  • May 29 Richard Worsley, quarter master General
  • May 30 Jimmy Lydon, Harrington Pk NJ, actor (Richard-Love That Jill)
  • May 31 Rainier III, Monaco, Prince of Monaco (1949-2005)
  • May 31 Wolfgang Lesser, composer

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

May 17 Actress and singer Marlene Dietrich (21) weds assistant director Rudolf Sieber (26) in Berlin, Germany

Actress and Singer Marlene Dietrich
Actress and Singer
Marlene Dietrich

Famous Deaths

  • May 10 Vaslav Vorovsky, Russian delegate, assassinated
  • May 14 Charles de Freycinet, French prime minister (b. 1828)
  • May 20 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist, dies
  • May 30 Camille Chevillard, composer, dies at 63
  • May 30 Charles Fichardt, cricketer (South African batsman in 2 Tests 1892-96), dies