What Happened in 1923 (Part 2)

Historical Events

Events 101 - 200 of 317

  • Apr 19 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • Apr 23 Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
  • Apr 24 General harbor strike begins in NYC
  • Apr 28 Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 1 Hitler and Ernst Rohm attempt to break up socialist May Day demonstrates, inviting Nazis from as far away as Nuremberg to take part in the violence

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 2 Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0

MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson
MLB Pitcher
Walter Johnson
  • May 3 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
  • May 4 Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
  • May 4 NY state revokes Prohibition law
  • May 7 Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
  • May 8 Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
  • May 11 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
  • May 12 48th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
  • May 13 Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
  • May 15 Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
  • May 17 Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
  • May 19 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
  • May 19 KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
  • May 20 Stanley Baldwin, becomes PM of UK
  • May 22 Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier
  • May 23 Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
  • May 25 Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
  • May 26 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run
  • May 26 Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
  • May 28 Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
  • May 28 US unemployment has nearly ended

Music releaseMusic Premiere

May 30 Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres

Composer and Conductor Howard Hanson
Composer and Conductor
Howard Hanson
  • May 30 Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton wins in 5:31:19.618 (145.718 km/h)
  • May 31 China & USSR exchange diplomats
  • May 31 The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.
  • Jun 1 NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison

  • Jun 9 55th Belmont: Earl Sande riding Zev wins in 2:19
  • Jun 9 Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
  • Jun 9 Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • Jun 14 Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
  • Jun 15 Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post & railroad strike
  • Jun 15 58th British Golf Open: Arthur Havers shoots a 295 at Troon Golf Club
  • Jun 16 Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
  • Jun 19 Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
  • Jun 19 Baldwin-Mellon-agreement concerning Britain entering the war
  • Jun 21 Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
  • Jun 24 Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
  • Jun 27 Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
  • Jun 28 Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Phillies score 8 in bottom of 9th
  • Jun 28 Queen Wilhelmina & Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London
  • Jun 30 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
  • Jul 1 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
  • Jul 3 Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Jul 4 Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey
Heavyweight Boxing Champion
Jack Dempsey
  • Jul 6 36th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (6-2 6-2)
  • Jul 6 Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured
  • Jul 6 The Central Executive Committee accepts the Treaty of Union, signed in Moscow in December 1922, and the Russian Empire becomes the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
  • Jul 7 43rd Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Johnston beats F Hunter (60 63 61)
  • Jul 7 Cleve Indians beat Boston Red Sox 27-3 with 13 runs in 6th inning
  • Jul 7 University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
  • Jul 8 Harding becomes 1st sitting president to visit Alaska (Metlakahtla)
  • Jul 8 Walter Mittelholzer flies Junkers F-13 to Spitsbergen/Oostland
  • Jul 10 2-pound hailstones kill 23 & many cattle (Rostov, Russia)
  • Jul 10 All non-fascist parties dissolved in Italy
  • Jul 11 Harry Frazee, sells Red Sox to Ohio businessmen for $1M
  • Jul 13 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads "Hollywoodland " but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.
  • Jul 13 American explorer Roy Chapman Andrews discovers the first recognised dinosaur eggs, in the Gobi Desert, Mongolia

Sport awardGolf Major

Jul 15 27th US Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in NY

Golfer Bobby Jones
Bobby Jones
  • Jul 15 Italian parliament accepts new constitution
  • Jul 17 Carl Mays gave up 13 runs & 20 hits in 13-0 lose to Indians
  • Jul 18 British House of Lords accepts new divorce law
  • Jul 19 WRC-AM in Washington, D.C. begins radio transmissions
  • Jul 20 Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
  • Jul 21 Phillies score 12 in 6th & beat Cubs 17-4
  • Jul 22 Walter Johnson becomes 1st to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508)
  • Jul 22 17th Tour de France won by Henri Pelissier of France
  • Jul 24 Allied Powers & Turkey sign peace treaty, Lausanne
  • Jul 25 German mark devalued to 600,000 Mark=$1

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 29 Albert Einstein speaks on pacifism in Berlin

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Jul 29 KPD holds struggle day against fascism, in Germany
  • Jul 30 New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
  • Jul 31 Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
  • Aug 3 Baseball games cancelled following the death of President Harding

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 3 VP Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • Aug 5 1st American to swim English Channel (Henry Sullivan)
  • Aug 6 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany
  • Aug 9 NY State Golf Association formed
  • Aug 11 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • Aug 12 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • Aug 12 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • Aug 13 Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 13 Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as President

President and founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Aug 13 US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day
  • Aug 15 Eamon de Valera arrested in Irish Free State
  • Aug 15 Mexico & US reaches accord over oil concession of 1917

Sport awardTennis Open

Aug 18 37th U.S. Women's National Championship: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla Bjurstedt Mallory (6-2, 6-1)

Tennis Player Helen Wills Moody
Tennis Player
Helen Wills Moody
  • Aug 18 16th Women's Australasian Championships: Margaret Molesworth beats Esna Boyd (6-1, 7-5)
  • Aug 18 16th Men's Australasian Championships: Pat O'Hara Wood beats Bert St John (6-1, 6-1, 6-3)
  • Aug 20 London dock strike ends

Sports record brokenWorld Record

Aug 22 Paavo Nurmi runs world record mile (4:10.4)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • Aug 23 Capt. Lowell Smith and Lt. John P. Richter performed the first mid-air refueling on De Havilland DH-4B, setting an endurance flight record of 37 hours.
  • Aug 24 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)
  • Aug 31 League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German)

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 602

  • Feb 28 Charles Durning, Highland Falls NY, actor (Fury, Sting, Tootsie), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 1 Bonita Granville, actress/producer (Perry Mason)
  • Mar 1 Duncan White, Ceylon, 400m hurdler (Olympic-silver-1948)
  • Mar 1 Kuczka Péter, Hungarian writer and editor (d. 1999)
  • Mar 2 Don Taylor, cricketer (NZ 3 Tests, Auck stands w/Sutcliffe in Wisden)
  • Mar 2 Robert H Michel, (Rep-R-IL, 1957- )
  • Mar 2 Orrin Keepnews, American jazz producer and record label executive, born in New York, NY
  • Mar 3 Doc Watson, American bluegrass musician, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 3 Barney Martin, American actor (d. 2005)
  • Mar 4 Patrick Moore, England, astronomer/writer (A-Z of Astronomy), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 4 Piero J d'Inzeo, France, equestrian show jumper (Olymp-gold-1952, 64)
  • Mar 6 Ed McMahon, American TV host (Johnny Carson Show, Star Search), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Mar 6 Erhard Karkoschka, composer
  • Mar 6 Raymond "Bill" Hoffenberg, college president (Wolfson at Oxford)
  • Mar 8 Juan M G "Wancho" Evertsz, premier of Dutch Antilles (NVP, 1973-77)
  • Mar 8 Sembene Ousmane, Senegalese author/novelist/director (Doctor Noir)
  • Mar 9 James Buckley, (Sen-R-NY)
  • Mar 9 André Courrèges, French fashion designer, born in Pau, French Basque country (d. 2016)
  • Mar 9 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • Mar 11 A Louise Brough Clapp, Oklahoma, tennis player (4 time Wimbledon champ)
  • Mar 11 Alexander Xaver Gwerder, Swiss writer, born in Thalwil, Zurich (d. 1952)
  • Mar 11 Ad[rianus C] de Besten, Dutch literary (River Basin)
  • Mar 11 Morschi Mirando, [Thomas Weiss], German/Dutch gypsy artist
  • Mar 11 Terry Alexander, actor (Tony-Behind the Scenes), born in London, England
  • Mar 12 Hjalmar Andersen, Norway, 1500, 5K, 10K speed skater (Oly-gold-1952), (d. 2013)
  • Mar 12 Norbert Brainin, violinist
  • Mar 12 Walter M Schirra Jr, Hackensack NJ, Capt USN/ast (Mer 8, Gem 6, Ap 7)
  • Mar 12 Mae Young, American professional wrestler
  • Mar 13 William F. Bolger, 65th Postmaster General of the United States (d. 1989)
  • Mar 15 George Vogel, race horse trainer
  • Mar 15 Laurence A Tisch, CEO (Loews Corp), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 16 George Bean, cricketer (92 runs in 3 Tests for Eng v Aust)
  • Mar 18 Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur
  • Mar 19 Janine Dacosta, French pianist
  • Mar 19 Tige Andrews, Bkln, actor (Capt Adam Greer-Mod Squad)
  • Mar 19 Henry Morgentaler, Canadian gynecologist
  • Mar 20 Shaukat Siddiqui, Pakistani Author, Journalist and Political Activist (d. 2006)
  • Mar 21 Mort Lindsey, orchestra leader (Merv Griffin Show), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • Mar 21 Philip Abbott, actor (Arthur Ward-The FBI), born in Lincoln, Nebraska
  • Mar 21 Shri Mataji Nirmala Srivastava, Founder of Sahaja Yoga
  • Mar 22 Bryan Clieve Roberts, lawyer/civil servant
  • Mar 22 Cor N van Dis Jr, Dutch MP (SGP, 1971-94)
  • Mar 22 Marcel Marceau, Strasbourg France, mime (Barbarella, Silent Movie)
  • Mar 23 Arnie Weinmeister, AAFC, NFL def tackle (NY Yankees, Giants)
  • Mar 24 Edna Jo Hunter, expert on military families & prisoners of war
  • Mar 24 Murray Hamilton, Washington NC, actor (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • Mar 25 Lee Hale, choral director (The Entertainers), born in Tacoma, Washington
  • Mar 25 Wim Van Est, [Locomotief/Pletmolen], Dutch cyclist
  • Mar 25 Bonnie Guitar, American singer
  • Mar 26 Bob Elliott, American comedian (Bob & Ray, Get a Life), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 2016)
  • Mar 26 Clifton Williams, Traskwood Arkansas, band master (Sinfonians)
  • Mar 26 Elizabeth Jane Howard, British novelist (After Julius), (d. 2014)
  • Mar 26 Gert Bastian, German politician (d. 1992)
  • Mar 27 Louis Simpson, Jamaican/US poet (Good News of Death), (d. 2012)
  • Mar 27 Shūsaku Endō, writer ("Silence"), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Mar 27 Victor Hochhauser, British impresario (Israeli Philharmonic Orch)
  • Mar 29 Julia Montgomery Walsh, political consultant/writer
  • Mar 30 Herbert Asmodi, writer
  • Mar 30 Milton Acorn, Canadian poet (d. 1986)
  • Mar 31 Donald Argee Barksdale, Berkley Cal, basketballer (Olympic-gold-1948)
  • Mar 31 Lawrie Miller, NZ cricketer (opening bat in 13 Tests)
  • Apr 1 Bobby Jordan, NY, actor (Bowery Champs, Kid Dynamite, Flying Wild)
  • Apr 2 Hugh Overton, British diplomat
  • Apr 2 Jacob "Jaap" Firet, Dutch theologist (Agogisch Moment)
  • Apr 2 Clifford Scott Green, American Federal Judge (d. 2007)
  • Apr 2 Gloria Henry, American actress
  • Apr 3 Jan Sterling, American actress (Ace in the Hole, The High and the Mighty), born in NYC, New York
  • Apr 3 John Smith, English large landowner/financier/MP (C)
  • Apr 4 Manon H E Alving, Dutch actress (Short American)
  • Apr 4 Nancy Francy, director (Claire's Knee)
  • Apr 5 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher/economist
  • Apr 5 Michael V Gazzo, Hillside NJ, actor (Cookie, Fear City)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 5 Nguyen Van Thieu, South Vietnamese President (1965-75), born in Phan Rang, Vietnam (d. 2001)

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • Apr 5 Stanley Orme, Chairman (British Labour Party)
  • Apr 8 Edward Mulhare, Cork Ireland, actor (Daniel Gregg-Ghost & Mrs Muir)
  • Apr 8 Franco Corelli, Italian tenor (Don Jose-Carmen)
  • Apr 8 George Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • Apr 9 Bruno Kiefer, composer
  • Apr 9 Dann Cahn, film editor (I Love Lucy, Beverly Hillbillies), born in Hollywood, California (d. 2012)
  • Apr 10 Floyd M Simmons, actor/decathlete (Olympic-bronze-1948, 52)
  • Apr 10 John Watkins, cricketer (South African all-rounder in 15 Tests 49-57)
  • Apr 12 Ann Miller, [Lucille Ann Collier], Cherino, Tex, dancer (On the Town)
  • Apr 12 E C Meade, British chartered accountant
  • Apr 13 Don Adams, American actor and comedian (Get Smart), born in New York City (d. 2005)
  • Apr 14 William Darling, journalist
  • Apr 14 Roberto DeVicenzo, Argentine golf player
  • Apr 15 Douglas Wass, CEO (Equity & Law Life Assurance Company)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 17 Harry Reasoner, American newscaster (60 Minutes, ABC, CBS), born in Dakota City, Iowa (d. 1991)

Journalist Harry Reasoner
Harry Reasoner
  • Apr 17 Lindsay Anderson, Bangalore India, director (Thursday's Children)
  • Apr 17 Lloyd Biggle Jr, US, sci-fi author (Silence is Deadly)
  • Apr 17 Norman Potter, cabinetmaker designer/writer
  • Apr 17 Solly Hemus, American baseball player
  • Apr 18 Beryl Platt [Baroness Platt of Writtle], British Engineer, politician and CEO (Equal Opportunities Comm)
  • Apr 18 Leif Panduro, Danish writer ('k Have varnish on traditions)
  • Apr 20 Tito Puente, Puerto Rico, bandleader (Dance Mania)
  • Apr 20 Mother Angelica, American nun and broadcaster
  • Apr 21 Andrea Domburg, Dutch actress, (Theo d'Or Prize, Keetje Tippel)
  • Apr 21 John Mortimer, English barrister and writer
  • Apr 22 Betty Page, Kingsport Tn, playmate (Jan, 1955)/model (Dark Angel)
  • Apr 22 Hugh Lloyd, actor (Punch & Judy Man, Dunroamin' Rising)

Famous Weddings

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Famous Divorces

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Famous Deaths

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