What Happened in December 1942

Historical Events

  • Dec 1 Gasoline rationed in US
  • Dec 1 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 2 World’s 1st self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction occurs in Chicagi Pile-1 (world's 1st nuclear reactor) at the University of Chicago, overseen by Enrico Fermi

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • Dec 4 First US citizenship granted to an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 4 FDR orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Dec 4 US bombers struck Italian mainland for first time in WW II
  • Dec 4 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization.
  • Dec 5 CFL Grey Cup: Tor beats Win RCAF, 8 -5 at Toronto
  • Dec 5 Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
  • Dec 5 West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
  • Dec 6 Queen Wilhelmina announces Dutch Commonwealth
  • Dec 6 RAF bombs Philips factory (150 die)
  • Dec 8 8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 Hitler names Anton Mussert "leader of the Dutch people"

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Dec 10 North Africa: 5th German panzer army forms under col-gen von Arnim
  • Dec 11 Australian/Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia
  • Dec 12 German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
  • Dec 12 A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people.
  • Dec 13 Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
  • Dec 13 Washington Redskins defeat Chicago Bears 14-6, to win NFL title
  • Dec 15 Massachusetts issues 1st US vehicular license plate tabs
  • Dec 16 Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
  • Dec 17 Allies in London sentence German war criminals
  • Dec 19 Robert Stroud "Birdman of Alcatraz" is transferred to Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary
  • Dec 20 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
  • Dec 21 US Supreme court declares Nevada separation legal
  • Dec 22 World War II: Adolf Hitler signs the order to develop the V-2 rocket as a weapon.
  • Dec 23 Allies air attack on Den Helder
  • Dec 24 First powered flight of V-1 'buzz bomb', Peenemunde, Germany
  • Dec 24 Red army occupies German airports at Tasjinskaja & Morozowsk
  • Dec 25 Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
  • Dec 25 British Col S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
  • Dec 25 Russian artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
  • Dec 27 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use
  • Dec 27 NFL Pro Bowl: NFL All-Stars beats Washington 17-14
  • Dec 27 The Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia is founded.
  • Dec 28 Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus
  • Dec 28 Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times
  • Dec 31 60 U boats sunk this month (330,000 ton)
  • Dec 31 Battle of the Barents Sea between British Navy and German Kriegsmarine off North Cape, Norway

Famous Birthdays

  • Dec 1 John Crowley, US, sci-fi author (Deep, Beasts, Novelty)
  • Dec 1 Peter Kalikow, Queens real estate developer/publisher (NY Post), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 2 Bob E Smith, PGA golfer (1993 Yanase Cup), born in Sacramento, California
  • Dec 2 Ted Bluechel, San Pedro Ca, rock vocalist/drummer (Association)
  • Dec 3 Alice Schwarzer, German journalist
  • Dec 4 Bob Mosley, Paradise Valley CA, rock bassist (Moby Grape)
  • Dec 4 Gemma Jones, English actress
  • Dec 5 Randy Kirby, actor (Randy-Girl From UNCLE), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 6 Peter Handke, Austrian writer
  • Dec 7 Harry Chapin, American rock vocalist (Taxi, Cat's in the Cradle), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 7 Jonathan D Kramer, composer
  • Dec 7 Alex [Alexander] Johnson, American professional baseball player, born in Helena, Arkansas (d. 2015)
  • Dec 8 Bobby Elliott, rock drummer (The Hollies), born in Burnley, Lancashire
  • Dec 8 Hemant Kanitkar, cricketer (batted in two Tests India v WI 1974)
  • Dec 8 Mario Savio, American political activist, born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • Dec 9 Dick Butkus, NFL hall of fame linebacker (Bears)/sportscaster, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 9 Joe McGinniss, Rye NY, author (Selling of President 1968)
  • Dec 9 Billy Bremner, Scottish footballer (d. 1997)
  • Dec 10 Bear Bossu, [Berend F Gertenbach], actor/vocalist (Pub Chantant)
  • Dec 10 Ralph Tavares, American musician (Tavares), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • Dec 10 Peter Sarstedt, British musician (Where do you go to my lovely?), born Delhi, India
  • Dec 11 Karen Susman, tennis pro (Wimbledon 1962)
  • Dec 13 Anna Eshoo, American politician
  • Dec 14 David Band, British banker (BZW) (d. 1996)
  • Dec 14 Rex Thompson, actor (Young Bess, King & I, Her 12 Men), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 14 Zoe Laskari, Greek actress
  • Dec 14 Dick Wagner, rock guitarist (the Frost), born in Oelwein, Iowa (d. 2014)
  • Dec 15 Dave Clark, rock drummer (Dave Clark 5-Glad All Over), born in London, England
  • Dec 16 Donald Carcieri, American politician, governor of Rhode Island
  • Dec 17 Bernard Hill, Manchester, actor (Bellman & True, New World, Bounty)
  • Dec 17 Paul Butterfield, blues musician (Better Days), born in Chicago, Illinois

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 17 Muhammadu Buhari, Nigerian military leader and politician (President of Nigeria 2015-), born in Daura, Katsina State

President of Nigeria Muhammadu Buhari
President of Nigeria
Muhammadu Buhari
  • Dec 18 William HAF, English prince/grandson of George V
  • Dec 18 Harvey Atkin, Canadian actor
  • Dec 19 Jean-Patric Manchette, thriller writer
  • Dec 19 Rufus [Jacques Narcy], French actor (Amélie), born in Riom, Puy-de-Dôme)
  • Dec 20 Robert L Hayes, 100m/4x100m runner (Oly-2 gold-1964), born in Jacksonville, Florida
  • Dec 21 Carla Thomas, US singer (Let Me Be Good to You)
  • Dec 21 Hu Jintao, Chinese president
  • Dec 21 Reinhard Mey, German singer
  • Dec 22 Dick Parry, Kentford, Suff., saxophonist (Pink Floyd, 'Money')
  • Dec 23 Friedrich Schenker, composer
  • Dec 23 Jerry Koosman, pitcher (NY Mets)
  • Dec 25 Francoise Durr, France, tennis player (1976 US indoor Doubles)
  • Dec 25 Mani Kaul, director (Idiot, Nazar, Dhrupad, Duvidha)
  • Dec 26 Barry Wood, cricketer (England opener in early 70's)
  • Dec 26 Earl Cate, Ark, country singers (Cate Bros-Fire on the Tracks)
  • Dec 26 Ernie Cate, Ark, country singers (Cate Bros-Fire on the Tracks)
  • Dec 26 Rob de Nijs, Dutch singer (Put a candle in your window)
  • Dec 26 Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arévalo, Guatemalan president
  • Dec 26 Gray Davis, former Governor of California
  • Dec 27 Mike Heron, rock musician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Dec 27 Byron Browne, baseball player
  • Dec 27 Charmian Carr, American actress (The Sound of Music), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • Dec 28 Paul Horowitz, physicist, META project (Sloan Award 1971-3), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 29 Rick Danko, Blayney Ontario, Canadain musician (The Band)
  • Dec 29 Rajesh Khanna, Indian actor, (d. 2012)
  • Dec 30 Fred Ward, SD California, actor (Chain Reaction, Thunderheart, Equinox)
  • Dec 30 Michael Nesmith, rocker (Monkees-Last Train to Clarksville), born in Houston, Texas
  • Dec 30 Robert Quine, American guitarist, born in Akron, Ohio (d. 2004)
  • Dec 30 Vladimir Bukovsky, Russian author and dissident
  • Dec 30 Guy Edwards, English racing driver
  • Dec 30 Janko Prunk, Slovenian historian
  • Dec 31 Andy Summers, English rock guitarist (Police-Roxanne), born in Blackpool, Lancashire

Famous Divorces

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 15 Actress Mary Astor (36) divorces film editor Manuel del Campo (29) after more than 4 years of marriage

Actress Mary Astor
Mary Astor

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Dec 28 Actress Janet Leigh (14) divorces childhood sweetheart John Kenneth Carlisle (18) 4 months after getting married

Actress Janet Leigh
Janet Leigh

Famous Deaths

  • Dec 3 Wilhelm Peterson-Berger, composer, dies at 75
  • Dec 5 Buck Jones, Hollywood's last cowboy hero actor (Headin' East), buried

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 8 Albert Kahn, architect of Detroit, dies at 73

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Dec 11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • Dec 13 Eleanor Everest Freer, composer, dies at 78
  • Dec 13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • Dec 14 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • Dec 18 Charlie Walker, cricketer (Aust tourist to England 1930, 1938), dies
  • Dec 20 Jean Gilbert, [Max Winterfield], German composer, dies at 63
  • Dec 21 Leendert Round, sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63
  • Dec 22 Franz Boas, German anthropologist (b. 1858)
  • Dec 24 Friedrich Klose, composer, dies at 80
  • Dec 24 Jean LXF Darlan, French admiral, murdered by gaullists
  • Dec 24 K Balmont, writer, dies at 75
  • Dec 25 Vojislav Vuckovic, composer, dies at 32
  • Dec 26 Bosinier de la Chapelle, Fren murderer of adm Darlan, executed at 24
  • Dec 29 Frank D Adams, Canadian geologist, dies at 83