What Happened in June 1942

Historical Events


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 2 Red Sox star Ted Williams enlists as a US Navy aviator

Baseball Player Ted Williams
Baseball Player
Ted Williams
  • Jun 4 Battle of Midway begins; Japan's 1st major defeat in WW II
  • Jun 4 Capitol Record Co opens for business

Film release premierFilm Release

Jun 4 "Mrs Miniver" based on the novel by Jan Struther, directed by William Wyler and starring Greer Garson and Walter Pidgeon is released in the US (Best Picture 1943)

Actress Greer Garson
Actress
Greer Garson
  • Jun 5 British offensive in North Africa under General Ritchie
  • Jun 5 An explosion at the Joliet Army Ammunition Plant kills 48 people
  • Jun 5 USA declares war on Bulgaria, Hungary & Romania
  • Jun 6 1st nylon parachute jump (Hartford Ct-Adeline Gray)
  • Jun 6 74th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Shut Out wins in 2:29.2
  • Jun 6 Japanese forces retreat, ending Battle of Midway
  • Jun 6 Japanese troop land on Kiska, Aleutians
  • Jun 7 USS Yorktown sinks near Midway Island

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jun 7 Battle of Midway ends: Admiral Chester Nimitz wins 1st World War II naval defeat of Japan

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • Jun 7 Germany Army marches into Sebastopol, Russia
  • Jun 7 Japanese troops land on Attu, Aleutian Islands

Music releaseMusic Recording

Jun 8 Bing Crosby records "Silent Night"

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • Jun 9 Adipatie Ario Soejono becomes minister in Gerbrandy government
  • Jun 9 German-Neth press reports, 3 million Dutch sent to East-Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 9 Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice, which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi controller of Bohemia and Moravia, to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility”

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 11 German army defeated at El-Alamein North Africa
  • Jun 11 US & USSR sign Lend-Lease agreement during WW II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Anne Frank gets her diary as a birthday present in Amsterdam

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 12 Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Jun 12 Tornado kills 35 in Oklahoma City
  • Jun 13 1st V-2 rocket launch, Peenemunde, Germany; reached 1.3 km
  • Jun 13 Germany lands 4 saboteurs on Long Island
  • Jun 13 US Office of Strategic Services (OSS) formed
  • Jun 13 The United States opens its Office of War Information, with Elmer Davis as head
  • Jun 14 1st bazooka rocket gun produced (Bridgeport, Connecticut)
  • Jun 14 Anne Frank begins her diary
  • Jun 14 French government of Reynaud resigns
  • Jun 14 Walt Disney's animated movie "Bambi", based on the book by Felix Salten, is released
  • Jun 18 Bernard W Robinson, becomes 1st black ensign in US Navy
  • Jun 18 Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
  • Jun 19 Paul Waner is 7th to get 3,000 baseball hits

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 20 Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews

SS officer Adolf Eichmann
SS officer
Adolf Eichmann
  • Jun 20 German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
  • Jun 21 129°F (54°C), Tirat Zevi, Israel (Asian record)
  • Jun 21 President Roosevelt/premier Churchill arrives in Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 21 Rommel takes Tobruk in North Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Jun 21 Seinheuer throws female world record spear (47.24m)
  • Jun 22 Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
  • Jun 22 Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
  • Jun 23 World War II: Germany's latest fighter, a Focke-Wulf FW190 is captured intact when it mistakenly lands at RAF Pembrey in Wales
  • Jun 24 US Admiral Ernest King orders Tulagi (Solomon Island) reconquered
  • Jun 24 Africa Korps invades Egypt
  • Jun 25 British RAF staged a 1,000 bomb raid on Bremen Germany (WW II)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 British premier Winston Churchill travels from US to London

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 25 Maj Gen Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Jun 26 German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
  • Jun 27 FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY's Long Island
  • Jun 27 PQ-17 convoy leaves Iceland for Archangelsk
  • Jun 28 Col-gen Von Hoth' 6th Pantser enters Voronezj
  • Jun 28 Dumont TV network begins (WABD NY)
  • Jun 29 Dmitri Shostakovitch's 7th Symphony premieres
  • Jun 30 Col-gen Von Paul's 6th Army enters Ukraine
  • Jun 30 US Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
  • Jun 30 US bombs Celebes & Timor
  • Jun 30 U-boats sink and damage 146 allied ships this month (700,227 tons)

Famous Birthdays

  • Jun 1 Tom Mankiewicz, screenwriter (Diamonds are Forever), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 2 Marie Cheatham, Oklahoma, actress (Search for Tomorrow, Guiding Light)
  • Jun 3 Anita Harris, singer/actress (Follow that Camel)
  • Jun 3 Curtis Mayfield, rock vocalist (Freddie's Dead, Superfly), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jun 3 Duane Josephson, baseball player
  • Jun 5 Charles Dodge, composer
  • Jun 5 Nelson "Bo" Burton Jr, bowler/sportscaster (Pro Bowlers Tour)
  • Jun 5 Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979- )
  • Jun 6 Howie Kane [Howard Kirshenbaum], American rocker (Jay and the Americans)
  • Jun 6 Sandra Morgan, Australian 4x100m freestyle swimmer (Olympic gold 1956), born in Tamworth, New South Wales

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 7 Muammar Gaddafi, Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist, born in Qasr Abu Hadi, Libya

Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader Muammar Gaddafi
Libyan Revolutionary and Authoritarian Leader
Muammar Gaddafi
  • Jun 8 Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Skvortsov, Russian cosmonaut
  • Jun 8 Gael Ramsey, Brigadier commander (HQ Aldershot Garrison)
  • Jun 8 Chuck Negron, American singer-songwriter (3 Dog Night-Joy to the World), born in The Bronx, New York
  • Jun 9 Nicholas Lloyd, editor (Daily Express)
  • Jun 9 Richard Hutton, cricketer (son of Len, 5 Tests 1971)
  • Jun 10 Janet Vogel, rocker (Skyliners)
  • Jun 10 Preston Manning, Canadian politician
  • Jun 11 Somachandra De Silva, cricketer (Sri Lankan leg-spinner 1982-84)
  • Jun 12 Len Barry, [Leonard Borisoff], American rocker (1-2-3-Dovells), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jun 12 Bert Sakmann, German physiologist, Nobel laureate
  • Jun 13 James Carr, American singer (To Love Somebody), born in Como, Mississippi (d. 2001)
  • Jun 15 Bruce DalCanton, baseball player
  • Jun 15 Tony Coelho, (Rep-D-CA, 1979- )
  • Jun 16 Eddie Levert, vocalist (O'Jays-For the Love of Money), born in Canton, Ohio
  • Jun 16 Giacomo Agostini, Lovere, Italy, world motorcycle race champion
  • Jun 16 John Rostill, English rocker (The Shadows), born in Birmingham (d. 1973)
  • Jun 17 Norman Kuhlice, England, rocker (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • Jun 17 Mohamed ElBaradei, Egyptian IAEA director, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Jun 18 Hans Vonk, Dutch conductor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 18 Paul McCartney, English musician and member of The Beatles, born in Liverpool, England

Musician and Beatle Paul McCartney
Musician and Beatle
Paul McCartney
  • Jun 18 Roger Ebert, film critic (Pulitzer Prize 1975), born in Urbana Illnois (d. 2013)
  • Jun 18 Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999-2008), 1st vice-president (1994-99) and economist, born in Mbewuleni, Eastern Cape
  • Jun 18 Carl Radle, American bass guitarist (d. 1980)
  • Jun 19 Elaine "Spanky" McFarlane, rocker (Spanky & Our Gang-Lazy Day)
  • Jun 19 Jos Brink, Dutch TV host (Op Zoek)
  • Jun 19 Neil Chalmers, director (National History Museum, London)
  • Jun 19 Robert [Bob] W Kasten Jr, (Sen-R-WI, 1981- )
  • Jun 19 Willie Frazier, AFL/NFL tight end (Houston Oilers), born in El Dorado, Arkansas (d. 2013)
  • Jun 20 Brian Wilson, Inglewood California, vocalist (Beachboys-In My Room)
  • Jun 21 Marg Margolies-Mezvinsky, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania)
  • Jun 21 William Bradford Reynolds, US Assistant Attorney General (1981-88), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • Jun 21 Togo D. West, Jr., American attorney and public official
  • Jun 21 Henry S. Taylor, American writer
  • Jun 22 Margreet M H Kamp, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • Jun 22 Toyohiro Akiyama, Japan, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-11)
  • Jun 24 Gerhart Roth, Austrian writer, born in Graz
  • Jun 24 Michele Lee, actress/singer (Karen-Knots Landing, Love Bug), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Jun 24 Arthur Brown, England, rocker (Fire) [or May 24]
  • Jun 25 Patrick Michael Mitchell, one of FBI's most wanted, born in Ottawa, Ontario
  • Jun 25 Wilbert Bank, actor/director (On Hope of Blessing)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 25 Willis Reed, American NBA hall of fame MVP center/coach (NY Knicks), born in Hico, Louisiana

NBA Center and Power Forward Willis Reed
NBA Center and Power Forward
Willis Reed
  • Jun 25 Michel Tremblay, Canadian playwright
  • Jun 26 Larry "The Mole" Taylor, rocker (Canned Heat-On the Road Again), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Jun 26 Gilberto Gil, Brazilian singer and Minister of Culture
  • Jun 27 Frank Mills, Canadian pianist, composer and arranger (Music Box Dancer), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • Jun 27 John Howard McGuire, American composer, born in Artesia, California
  • Jun 28 "Chris" Martin Thembisile Hani, sec-gen (South African Communist Party)
  • Jun 28 Jim Kolbe, (Rep-R-AZ, 1985- )
  • Jun 28 Sjoukje Dijkstra, Holland, figure skater (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • Jun 28 Martin Thembisile Hani, Cofimvaba, Transkei, Chief of Staff of Umkhonto we Sizwe, military arm of the ANC
  • Jun 29 Bas J van der Vlies, Dutch MP (SGP)
  • Jun 29 Larry Snyder, American jockey, born in Toledo, Ohio
  • Jun 29 Mike Willesee, Australian television presenter
  • Jun 30 Robert Ballard, explorer/geologist/author/discoverer (Titanic in 1985)

Famous Weddings


HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 6 "The Thin Man" actress Myrna Loy (36) weds John Hertz Jr. in New York City

Actress Myrna Loy
Actress
Myrna Loy

HeartWedding of Interest

Jun 19 Actress Marilyn Monroe (16) marries first husband James Dougherty (21), a policeman

  • Jun 21 Jacqueline Kennedy's mother Janet Bouvier marries Standard Oil heir Hugh Auchincloss

Famous Deaths

  • Jun 1 Ernest Pingoud, composer, dies at 53
  • Jun 1 Vladislav Vancura, Czech physician/resistance fighter, executed at 50

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jun 4 Reinhard Heydrich, German Nazi leader (head of Bohemia and Moravia and the Reich Main Security Office), dies a week after an assassination attempt at 38

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • Jun 7 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer (b. 1903)
  • Jun 10 Jean François van Royen, Sect-Gen of Concentration Camp Amersfoort, dies at 63
  • Jun 10 Ross Gregory, cricketer (Australian batsman 1937), dies
  • Jun 10 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), dies at 48
  • Jun 12 Walter Leigh, composer, dies at 36
  • Jun 15 Vera Figner, writer, dies
  • Jun 17 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, dies at 88
  • Jun 18 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • Jun 18 Arthur Pryor, American band composer and trombone player, dies at 71
  • Jun 18 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • Jun 25 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian, dies at 67
  • Jun 30 Arnoldus J H Aerts, Dutch bishop of New-Guinea, executed at 62