What Happened in March 1942

Historical Events

  • Mar 1 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
  • Mar 1 Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
  • Mar 1 J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
  • Mar 1 Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
  • Mar 1 Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
  • Mar 1 Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia

Film tv awardsFilm Awards

Mar 2 14th Academy Awards: "How Green was My Valley", Gary Cooper & Joan Fontaine win

Actress Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
  • Mar 2 Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
  • Mar 3 1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber
  • Mar 5 Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
  • Mar 5 Dmitri Shostakovitch' 7th Symphony premieres in Siberia
  • Mar 5 Japanese troop march into Batavia
  • Mar 7 15 Mk-VB Spitfires reach Malta
  • Mar 7 1st cadets graduated from flying school at Tuskegee
  • Mar 8 Japanese forces capture Rangoon, Burma
  • Mar 8 KNIL, Dutch colonial army on Java, surrenders to Japanese armies
  • Mar 9 Construction of the Alaska Highway began
  • Mar 11 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschwitz Concentration Camp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 11 Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Mar 11 Japanese troop land on North Sumatra
  • Mar 12 British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
  • Mar 13 Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
  • Mar 17 Bełżec Concentration Camp opens with the transport of 30,000 Lublin Polish Jews
  • Mar 17 Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
  • Mar 18 Illegal Free Netherlands announces boycott of theaters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 18 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox, they are allowed to work out

Baseball Player Jackie Robinson
Baseball Player
Jackie Robinson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 19 FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Mar 19 Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago
  • Mar 20 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
  • Mar 20 Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
  • Mar 20 Major German assault on Malta
  • Mar 20 Beginning of a period of heavy German air assault on Malta
  • Mar 21 Convoy QP9 departs Great Britain to Murmansk
  • Mar 23 2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported
  • Mar 23 Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean
  • Mar 23 US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers
  • Mar 25 1st 700 Jews from Polish Lvov district reach the Bełżec Concentration camp
  • Mar 26 First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps
  • Mar 26 Explosion of 20 tons of gelignite in a stone quarry at Easton, Pa, kills 21

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 26 German offensive in North Africa under General Erwin Rommel

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Mar 27 -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
  • Mar 27 Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward

Sport defeatBoxing Title Fight

Mar 27 Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)

Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion
Joe Louis
  • Mar 28 -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
  • Mar 28 4th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Dartmouth 53-38
  • Mar 28 British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
  • Mar 29 British cruiser HMS Trinidad torpedoes itself in the Barents Sea
  • Mar 29 British destroyer HMS Campbeltown explodes in St Nazaire: 400 Germans die
  • Mar 29 German submarine U-585 sinks
  • Mar 29 The Bombing of Lübeck in World War II was the first major success for the RAF Bomber Command against Germany and a German city.
  • Mar 30 1st RSHA-transport from France arrives in camp Birkenau
  • Mar 30 SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp

Famous Birthdays

  • Mar 1 Jerry Fischer, rocker (Blood, Sweat & Tears)
  • Mar 1 Peter Guber, producer (Flashdance)
  • Mar 1 Richard Bowman Myers, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
  • Mar 2 John Irving, NH, short-story writer (World According to Garp)
  • Mar 2 Lou Reed, American rock vocalist and guitarist (Velvet Underground), born in New York City (d. 2013)
  • Mar 2 Luc Plamondon, French Canadian lyricist
  • Mar 2 Kwang Jo Choi, the founder of Choi Kwang- do and is one of the twelve original Masters of Taekwon-Do.
  • Mar 3 Mike Pender, vocalist/guitarist (Searchers-Needles & Pins), born in Liverpool, England
  • Mar 3 Vladimir Vasilyevich Kovolyonok, USR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 29/31, T-4)
  • Mar 4 Charles C. Krulak, 31st Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps
  • Mar 5 Michael D[iamond] Resnick, sci-fi author (Sideshow, Eros Ascending)
  • Mar 5 Felipe González, Prime Minister of Spain 1982-96), born in Seville
  • Mar 6 Ben Murphy, Jonesboro, Arkansas, American actor (Name of the Game, Alias Smith and Jones)
  • Mar 7 Al[bert] Tanara, WLAF defensive coach (Amsterdam Admirals)
  • Mar 7 Michael Eisner, Mt Kisko NY, CEO (Walt Disney)
  • Mar 7 Paul Preuss, US, sci-fi author (Medusa Encounter, Starfire)
  • Mar 7 Tammy Faye Bakker, gospel singer/wife of Jim Baker (PTL)
  • Mar 7 Tommy F Robinson, (Rep-D-AR, 1985- )
  • Mar 7 U N Kulkarni, cricketer (Indian pace bowler in four Tests 1967-68)
  • Mar 7 Charles R. Boutin, American politician
  • Mar 8 Ann Packer, Moulsford, Oxfordshire, British 400m/800m runner (Oly-gold-1964)
  • Mar 8 Ralph Ellis, England, rhythm (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • Mar 8 [Dick] Richie Allen, baseball player (AL MVP 1972)
  • Mar 9 Bert Campaneris, shortstop (Oakland A's)
  • Mar 9 John Cale, Garnant, Welsh musician, composer and singer-songwriter (Velvet Underground)
  • Mar 9 Mark Lindsay, Eugene Or, rock vocalist/sax (Paul Revers & Raiders)
  • Mar 11 Peter Eyre, actor (Hedda)
  • Mar 11 Charles Swan, American actor
  • Mar 12 Bert Campaneris, baseball player (Oakland A's)
  • Mar 12 Brian O'Hara, English rock musician (The Foremost), born in Liverpool (d. 1999)
  • Mar 12 Salvatore "the Bull" Gravano, mobster (testified against Gotti)
  • Mar 12 Ratko Mladić, Republika Srpska leader
  • Mar 12 Jimmy Wynn, American baseball player, 1963-1977
  • Mar 13 Dave Cutler, American software engineer
  • Mar 14 John Whittaker, English real estate developer (Peel Holdings)
  • Mar 14 Rita Tushingham, British actress
  • Mar 15 Hughie Flint, rock drummer (Bonzo Dog Band), born in London, England
  • Mar 16 Jerry Jeff Walker, Oneonta NY, country singer (Mr Bojangles)
  • Mar 16 James Soong, Taiwanese politician
  • Mar 16 Roger Crozier, Canadian ice hockey goaltender (d. 1996)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 17 John Wayne Gacy, serial killer (32 boys), born in Chicago, Illinois

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy
  • Mar 17 Sidney K Barthelmy, US politician(?)
  • Mar 17 Dimitris Poulikakos, Greek composer, singer and actor
  • Mar 18 Albert Van Vlierberghe, Belgian cyclist (d. 1991)
  • Mar 19 David Minge, (Rep-D-Minnesota)
  • Mar 19 Jeff Neighbour, US bassist (Joy of Cooking)
  • Mar 19 Robin Luke, rocker (Susie Darlin')
  • Mar 22 Jon Arthur English, composer
  • Mar 22 Bernd Herzsprung, German actor
  • Mar 22 Dick Pound, Canadian chairman of the World Anti-Doping Agency
  • Mar 23 Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
  • Mar 25 Aretha Franklin, Soul Sister #1/singer (Respect), born in Memphis, Tennessee
  • Mar 25 Jacqueline Lichtenberg, US, sci-fi author (Star Trek Lives!, Dreamspy)
  • Mar 25 Paul Michael Glaser, actor (Starsky-Starsky & Hutch), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • Mar 25 Richard O'Brien, English actor and writer (Rocky Horror Show)
  • Mar 25 Kim Woodburn, English television personality
  • Mar 26 Erica Jong, [Mann], author (Fear of Flying), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 27 Michael York, England, actor (Cabaret, Logan's Run, 3 Musketeers)
  • Mar 27 Raymond J McGrath, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • Mar 27 John E. Sulston, British chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Mar 27 Michael Jackson, English writer (d. 2007)
  • Mar 28 Neil Kinnock, Tredegar, Wales, leader of the British opposition (Labour Party)
  • Mar 28 Samuel Ramey, Colby Kansas, American operatic bass (La Scala)
  • Mar 28 Daniel Dennett, American philosopher
  • Mar 28 Conrad Schumann, East German border guard (d. 1998)
  • Mar 29 Larry Pressler, (Sen-R-SD, 1979- )
  • Mar 30 George Esson, Chief Constable (Dumfries & Galloway)
  • Mar 30 Graeme Edge, England, rock drummer (Moody Blues-Your Wildest Dreams)
  • Mar 31 Michael Savage, American talk radio host and commentator
  • Mar 31 Ulla Hoffmann, Swedish politician

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Mar 26 Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi (25) weds politician and journalist Feroze Gandhi (29) at Anand Bhavan

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi

Famous Deaths

  • Mar 1 George S. Rentz, Navy Chaplain (b. 1882)
  • Mar 3 Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43
  • Mar 4 Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg, composer, dies at 62
  • Mar 8 Jose R Capablanca, Cuban chess player (world champ 1927), dies at 53
  • Mar 10 William Henry Bragg, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
  • Mar 12 Enrique Morera, composer, dies at 76
  • Mar 12 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • Mar 15 Alexander van Zemlinsky, Austrian and US composer (African Dance), dies at 70
  • Mar 19 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist (b. 1855)
  • Mar 20 Theodoro Valcarcel, composer, dies at 41
  • Mar 26 Jimmy Burke, American baseball player (b. 1874)
  • Mar 28 Herman A van Karnebeek, Dutch foreign minister (1918-27), dies at 67
  • Mar 28 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), dies at 31
  • Mar 30 Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson premier Valois), dies at 81