What Happened in May 1942

Historical Events

  • May 1 Radio Orange calls to defy order to wear "Jewish star"
  • May 2 68th Kentucky Derby: Wayne D Wright aboard Shut Out wins in 2:04.4
  • May 2 Japanese troops occupy Mandalay, Burma
  • May 3 Japanese troop attack Tulagi, Gavutu & Tanambogo, Solomon Islands during WWII
  • May 3 German Luftwaffe again bombs Exeter, destroying its town centre
  • May 3 Nazis execute 72 OD'ers in reprisial in Sachsenhausen, Netherlands
  • May 3 Nazis require Dutch Jews to wear a Jewish star
  • May 4 Battle of Coral Sea begins in the Pacific (1st sea battle fought solely in air) between Japanese, US and Australian navies and air forces
  • May 4 Food 1st rationed in US
  • May 4 German occupiers imprison 450 prominent Dutch as hostages
  • May 4 Pulitzer prize awarded to Ellen Glasgow (In this our Life)
  • May 5 British assault on Diego Suarez Madagascar
  • May 5 US begins rationing sugar during WW II
  • May 6 Corregidor & Philippines surrender to Japanese Armies
  • May 7 Battle of Coral Sea ends stopping Japanese expansion
  • May 7 Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed
  • May 8 Aircraft carrier USS Lexington sunk by Japanese air attack in Coral Sea
  • May 8 German summer offensive opens in Crimea
  • May 8 1st twilight game in 24 years, the Dodgers top Giants 7-6 raising $60,000 for Navy Relief Fund
  • May 9 67th Preakness: Basil James aboard Alsab wins in 1:57
  • May 10 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign.
  • May 11 Japanese troops conquer Kalewa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, Go Down, Moses, is published.

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • May 12 1,500 Jews gassed in Auschwitz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 David Ben-Gurion leaves Jewish state in Palestine

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • May 12 Nazi U-boat sinks American cargo ship at mouth of Mississippi River
  • May 12 Russia occupies Crackow, until Aug 23, 1943
  • May 13 Helicopter makes its 1st cross-country flight
  • May 13 Pitcher Jim Tobin belts 3 HRs in a game
  • May 14 US Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) forms
  • May 15 Gasoline 1st rationed in US (17 Eastern States)
  • May 15 Nazi occupiers in Netherlands arrest 2,000 Dutch officers
  • May 16 1st transport of British/Dutch prisoners to South Burma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 17 Dutch SS vows loyalty to Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • May 18 NYC ends night baseball games for rest of WW II
  • May 19 Braves Paul Waner is 3rd NLer to get 3,000 hits (Anson & Wagner)
  • May 20 US Navy 1st permitted black recruits to serve
  • May 21 Convoy PQ16 departs Great Britain for Russia
  • May 22 Mexico declares war on Nazi-Germany & Japan
  • May 22 The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbands, and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, is formed.
  • May 26 Anglo-Soviet Treaty signed in London
  • May 26 Belgium Jews are required by Nazis to wear a Jewish star
  • May 26 Tank battle at Bir Hakeim: Afrika Korps vs British army
  • May 27 Dorie Miller awarded navy cross for deeds at Pearl Harbor
  • May 27 Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered
  • May 27 Italian army begin siege of French western Fort Bir Hachim
  • May 27 Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi "Deputy Reich Protector of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia" is shot & mortally wounded in Prague in in Operation Anthropoid
  • May 28 1,800 Czechs murdered by Nazis during attack on Heydrich

Music releaseMusic Recording

May 29 Bing Crosby records "White Christmas", greatest selling record to date

Singer and Actor Bing Crosby
Singer and Actor
Bing Crosby
  • May 30 1,047 bombers bomb Cologne in RAF's raid of WW II
  • May 30 Reichsfuehrer Herman Himmler arrives in Prague
  • May 30 Satchel Paige pitches 5 innings to defeat Dizzy Dean All-Stars 8-1
  • May 30 US aircraft carrier Yorktown leaves Pearl Harbor

Sport awardGolf Major

May 31 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City NJ

Golfer Sam Snead
Sam Snead
  • May 31 Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury

Famous Birthdays

  • May 1 Stephen Macht, actor (Joe-Knots Landing, Cagney & Lacey), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • May 2 Jacques Rogge, Belgian International Olympic Committee president
  • May 3 Lynn Farleigh, Bristol England, actress (Lovers of Their Time)
  • May 3 Věra Čáslavská, Czech gymnast (7 Olympic golds), born in Prague (d. 2016)
  • May 3 Dave Marash, American journalist
  • May 3 C.L. Otter, American politician, governor of Idaho
  • May 4 Ronnie Bond, drummer (Troggs-Wild Thing)
  • May 5 Amy Hill, actress (Grandma-Seinfeld, Pauly Shore)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 5 Tammy Wynette [Virginia Pugh], American country singer (Stand by your Man), born in Itawamba County, Mississippi (d. 1998)

Country singer Tammy Wynette
Country singer
Tammy Wynette
  • May 5 Marc Alaimo, American actor
  • May 6 Colin Earl, British musician (Mungo Jerry)
  • May 6 Rin Kaiho, professional Go player
  • May 8 Angel Cordero Jr, Santurce PR, jockey (Seattle Slew) [or Nov 8]
  • May 8 Euclid "Motorhead" Sherwood, rocker (Mothers Of Invention)
  • May 8 Norman Lamont, MP/Chancellor of Exchequer
  • May 8 Robin Hobbs, cricketer (England leg-spinner 1967-71)
  • May 8 Ruth Holland, journalist
  • May 8 Terry Neill, Northern Irish footballer
  • May 9 John D Ashcroft, (Gov-MO)
  • May 9 Mike Millward, English musician (The Fourmost), born in Bromborough, Cheshire (d. 1966)
  • May 9 Tommy Roe, rocker (Hooray for Hazel), born in Atlanta, Georgia
  • May 10 Bill Coday, US singer (You're Gonna Then Me)
  • May 10 Ingram Douglas Marshall, composer
  • May 10 Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
  • May 11 Rachel Billington, British writer
  • May 12 Barry B[rookes] Longyear, US, sci-fi author (City of Baraboo)
  • May 12 Dumitru Dediu, Romania, cosmonaut (Soyuz 40 backup)
  • May 12 Ian Dury, English rock musician (The Blockheads) and actor (Judge Dredd), born in Upminster, Essex (d. 2000)
  • May 12 Timothy Hugh Brown, theatre critic
  • May 12 Billy Swan, Cape Giradeau La, rocker (I Can Help)
  • May 13 Jim Douglas, jazz guitarist
  • May 13 Vladimir A Dzhanibekov, USSR, cosmo (Soyuz 27, 39, T-6, T-12, T-13)
  • May 14 Byron L Dorgan, (Rep-D-ND, 1981- )
  • May 14 Gerald Mark Shapiro, composer
  • May 14 Lord McAlpine, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • May 14 Tony Perez, baseball player
  • May 14 Valeriy Brumel, Soviet athlete (d. 2003)
  • May 14 Rüdiger Vogler, German actor
  • May 15 Anthony Wayne England, PhD/astronaut (STS 51-F), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • May 15 Doug Lowe, 35th Premier of Tasmania
  • May 17 Caroline Charles, fashion designer
  • May 17 Taj Mahal, singer/songwriter (Real Thing), born in NYC, New York
  • May 18 Keith Hellawell, Chief Constable (West Yorkshire)
  • May 18 Simon Isaacs, 4th Marquess of Reading, English aristocrat, banker and philanthropist
  • May 18 N P (Nobby) Stiles, footballer
  • May 18 Rodney Dillard, rocker (Glittergrass)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 19 Gary Kildall, American computer scientist and entrepreneur who created the CP/M operating system, born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1994)

Computer scientist Gary Kildall
Computer scientist
Gary Kildall
  • May 19 James Topping, author of CP/M
  • May 19 Robert Kilroy-Silk, British politician and television presenter
  • May 20 Lynn Davies, long jumper
  • May 20 Paula, [Jill Jackson], Tx, singer (Hey Paula)
  • May 20 Simon Keswick, British financier/merchant (Hong Kong)
  • May 20 Carlos Hathcock, American Marine sniper (d. 1999)
  • May 21 David Hunt, British Conservative politician, born in Glyn Ceiriog, Wales
  • May 21 Robert C Springer, Col USMC/astronaut (STS-29, STS-38), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • May 22 Barbara Parkins, actress (Betty-Peyton Place, Asylum), born in Vancouver, British Columbia
  • May 22 Calvin Simon, US rock vocalist (Funkadelic-1 Nation Under a Groove)
  • May 22 Malika A Sabirova, Russian dancer
  • May 22 Pallo Jordan, South African ANC member/heads (Radio Freedom)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 22 Ted Kaczynski, American serial killer and terrorist known as the "Unabomber", born in Evergreen Park, Illinois

Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist Ted Kaczynski
Serial Murderer and Domestic Terrorist
Ted Kaczynski
  • May 23 K. Raghavendra Rao, Indian film director
  • May 23 Gabriel Liiceanu, Romanian philosopher
  • May 23 Zalman King, Trenton, New Jersey, actor and director (Wild Orchid), (d. 2012)
  • May 24 Ali Bacher, South African cricketer (South African batsman and captain in 60's)
  • May 24 Derek Quinn, guitarist (Freddie & Dreamers-I'm Telling You Now)
  • May 25 Brian "Blinky" Davison, rocker
  • May 25 Ron Davies, Holywell, Wales, footballer (29 Welsh caps), (d. 2013)
  • May 26 Ray Ennis, England, guitar (Swinging Blue Jeans-You're No Good)
  • May 27 Kent Bede Bernard, Trinidad, 4X400 runner (Olympic-bronze-1964)
  • May 27 Priscilla Anne McLean, composer
  • May 27 Roger Freeman, British minister of transport
  • May 27 Lee Baca, American law enforcement official
  • May 28 Stanley B. Prusiner, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • May 29 Kevin Conway, actor (Flash Point, Cage of Angels), born in NYC, New York
  • May 29 Pierre Bourque, Former mayor of Montreal
  • May 30 Dan Miller, (Rep-R-Florida)
  • May 31 Happy Hairston, NBA star (Cin, Detroit, LA)
  • May 31 John Daniel, British Vice-Chancellor (Open U)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

May 9 Physicist Robert Hofstadter (27) weds Nancy Givan

HeartWedding of Interest

May 23 Comic book artist Jack Kirby (24) weds Roz Goldstein

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby

Famous Deaths

  • May 3 Johan H Westerveld, lt-col/leader Order Service, executed
  • May 3 Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1873)
  • May 5 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • May 7 Felix Paul von Weingartner, Austria conductor/composer, dies at 79
  • May 10 Joseph M Weber, comedian/singer (Weber & Lewis Fields), dies at 74
  • May 13 Hyam Greenbaum, composer, dies at 41
  • May 16 Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies
  • May 19 [Nicoline] Magdalene Anchor-Roll, Norwegian author (Enken), dies at 69
  • May 29 John Barrymore, American actor (Beloved Rogue, Dinner at 8), dies from cirrhosis of the liver and kidney failure at 60
  • May 31 Reinhard Heydrich, German protector of Bohemia & Moravia, assassinated