What Happened in October 1942

Historical Events

  • Oct 1 Bell P-59 Airacomet fighter, 1st US jet, makes maiden flight
  • Oct 1 Little Golden Books (children's books) begins publishing
  • Oct 2 "Queen Mary" slices cruiser "Curacao" in half, killing 338

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 FDR forms Office of Economic Stabilization

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Oct 3 Launch of 1st A-4/V-2 rocket to altitude of 53 miles (85 km)
  • Oct 3 NY Yanks Frank Crosetti shoves ump Bill Summers in World Series, he is fined $200 & suspended for 1st 30 days of 1943 season
  • Oct 4 German assault on Tractor factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 5 5,000 Jews of Dubno, Russia massacred
  • Oct 5 St Louis Cards beat NY Yankees, 4 games to 1, in 39th World Series
  • Oct 6 Allied assault on oil installations of Bula Ceram
  • Oct 7 1 salvo Katjoesja-rocket destroys Nazi battalion in Stalingrad
  • Oct 7 Last camouflaged German raider Komet leaves Flushing (Netherlands)
  • Oct 7 Maxwell Anderson's "Eve of St Mark" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 US & UK government announce establishment of United Nations
  • Oct 7 Yvon Robert beats Bill Longson in Montreal to become wrestling champ
  • Oct 8 Fight at Matanikau, Guadalcanal (John Hersey-Into the Valley)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Comedy duo Abbott and Costello launch their weekly radio show

Comedian and Actor Lou Costello
Comedian and Actor
Lou Costello
  • Oct 9 Statute of Westminster 1931 passed by the Australian parliament, formalises Australian autonomy.
  • Oct 10 1,300 Austrian Jews transported to Theresienstadt concentration camp
  • Oct 11 -Oct 12] Sea battle at Cape Esperance Guadalcanal
  • Oct 12 Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
  • Oct 12 US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
  • Oct 14 Dobbe resistances group overthrows Bonkarten distribution
  • Oct 14 German assault on Tractor factory, 1000s killed
  • Oct 14 Japanese battleship strikes Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 15 German 6th Army occupies Tractorenfabriek, 3,000 Germans die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 16 Aaron Copland/de Milles ballet "Rodeo," premieres in NYC

Composer Aaron Copland
Aaron Copland
  • Oct 16 Cyclone in Bay of Bengal kills some 40,000 south of Calcutta India
  • Oct 16 National Boxing Association freezes titles of those serving in armed services

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 Hitler orders captured allied commandos to be killed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Oct 20 "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
  • Oct 22 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
  • Oct 22 US gens Clark & Lemnitzer & French gen Mast meet secretly in Algeria
  • Oct 23 First ships of invasion fleet to Morocco leave Norfolk
  • Oct 23 During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt
  • Oct 23 German units go through Red October-factory in Stalingrad
  • Oct 23 All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Amongst the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger ("Thanks for the Memory", "Love in Bloom", "Blue Hawaii").
  • Oct 24 Second day of battle at El Alamein: British infantry
  • Oct 25 3rd day of battle at El Alamein: British offensive
  • Oct 25 Battle of Henderson Field Guadalcanal begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 25 Field Marshal Rommel back in North-Africa

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 26 Second day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
  • Oct 26 Fourth day of battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
  • Oct 26 Battle of Santa Cruz: USS SD shoots down a record 32 enemy planes
  • Oct 27 5th day of battle at El Alamein: heavy battles/Australian advance
  • Oct 27 US aircraft carrier Hornet sinks off Santa Cruz
  • Oct 28 6th day battle at El Alamein: British offensive under Montgomery
  • Oct 28 Train crashes into bus, killing 16 & injuring 20 (Detroit Michigan)
  • Oct 29 Seventh day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
  • Oct 29 Alaska highway completed
  • Oct 29 Branch Rickey named president/GM of Brooklyn Dodgers
  • Oct 29 Nazis murder 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Soviet Union
  • Oct 30 8th day of battle at El Alamein: new Australian assault
  • Oct 30 US aircraft carrier Enterprise reaches Noumea
  • Oct 31 94 U boats sunk this month (619,000 ton)
  • Oct 31 9th day of the Battle of El Alamein

Famous Birthdays

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 2 Steve Sabol, American filmmaker (35 Emmy awards, founder of NFL Films), born in Moorestown, New Jersey (d. 2012)

American Filmmaker and Founder of NFL Films Steve Sabol
American Filmmaker and Founder of NFL Films
Steve Sabol
  • Oct 3 Alan Rachins, American actor
  • Oct 4 Christopher Stone, Manchester NH, actor (Dave-Dallas, Interns)
  • Oct 4 Jenny Arean, [Joanna Klarenbeek], Dutch actress (Paul Chevrolet)
  • Oct 4 Karl W. Richter, American aviator (d. 1967)
  • Oct 5 Richard Street, Rhythm and Blues musician (The Temptations), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Oct 6 Britt Ekland, actress (Wicker Man, Asylum), born in Stockholm, Sweden
  • Oct 6 Fred Travalena, comedian/impressionist (Buy & Cell), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 9 Shukri Ghanem, Libyan Prime Minister (2003-2006), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2012)
  • Oct 10 Radu Vasile, Romanian Prime Minister
  • Oct 11 Amitabh Bachan, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, Indian actor and film producer (Deewar)
  • Oct 11 Malvin Whitfield, Bay City Tx, track star (Oly-3 gold/silv/br-48, 52)
  • Oct 11 Victor H Fazio, (Rep-D-California, 1979- )
  • Oct 12 Daliah Lavi, Shavel Zion Israel, actress (Casino Royale, Lord Jim)
  • Oct 12 Melvin Franklin, Montgomery Alabama, musician (The Temptations)
  • Oct 13 Jerry Jones, owner/GM (Dallas Cowboys)
  • Oct 13 Pamela Tiffin, [Pamela Wonso], actress (Viva Max!), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Oct 13 Bob Bailey, American baseball player
  • Oct 14 Billy Harrison, Belfast Ireland, rock guitarist (Them)
  • Oct 15 Don Stevenson, rock drummer (Moby Grape), born in Seattle, Washington
  • Oct 15 James A Leach, (Rep-R-Iowa, 1977- )
  • Oct 16 Dave Lovelady, English musician (The Fourmost), born in Liverpool
  • Oct 17 Gary Puckett, vocalist (& Union Gap-Woman Woman, Young Girl)
  • Oct 18 Willie Horton, baseball slugger (Detroit Tigers)
  • Oct 18 Larry Pickering, Australian newspaper cartoonist
  • Oct 19 Andrew Vachss, American author and attorney
  • Oct 20 Earl Hindman, Bisbee AZ, actor (Wilson-Home Improvement)
  • Oct 21 Elvin Bishop, rock guitarist (Fooled Around & Fell in Love), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Oct 21 Les AuCoin, (Rep-D-OR, 1975- )
  • Oct 21 Allan Grice, Australian racing driver

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 21 Judith Sheindlin, Jurist and Television personality (Judge Judy), born in Brooklyn, New York

Jurist/TV Personality Judith Sheindlin
Jurist/TV Personality
Judith Sheindlin
  • Oct 22 Annette Funicello, singer and actress (Mickey Mouse Club), born in Utica, New York, (d. 1986)
  • Oct 22 Robin John Maconie, composer
  • Oct 22 Bobby Fuller, Baytown, Texas, American rock vocalist/guitarist (Bobby Fuller Four)
  • Oct 23 Anita Roddick, English cosmetic manufacturer (Body Shop)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 23 Michael Crichton, novelist (Andromeda Strain, Congo, Looker), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)

  • Oct 26 Dietmar Polaczek, composer
  • Oct 26 John P "Jannie" Roux, South African sect to pres (Botha/De Klerk)
  • Oct 26 Bob Hoskins, British actor, (d. 2014)
  • Oct 27 Lee Greenwood, American country singer (God Bless the USA), born in Los Angeles, California
  • Oct 27 Phillip Catherine, rocker
  • Oct 28 Kees Verkerk, skater World Champion (1967)/(Olympics-gold-68)
  • Oct 28 Sharron Moran, LPGA golfer
  • Oct 29 Johan Fleming Ramsland, British broadcaster
  • Oct 29 Bob Ross, American artist and television host (d. 1995)
  • Oct 30 Sven-David Sandstrom, composer
  • Oct 31 Ben M J Hennekam, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • Oct 31 David Ogden Stiers, Peoria Ill, actor (Winchester-M*A*S*H, Doc)
  • Oct 31 Dave McNally, American baseball player (d. 2002)

Famous Weddings

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 4 Actor Gregory Peck (26) weds real estate broker Greta Kukkonen (31)

HeartWedding of Interest

Oct 12 Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (41) weds dancer Lucille Wilson (28)

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong

Famous Divorces

Broken heartDivorce of Interest

Oct 2 Jazz musician Louis Armstrong (41) divorces Alpha Smith after 4 years of marriage

Jazz Musician Louis Armstrong
Jazz Musician
Louis Armstrong

Famous Deaths

  • Oct 1 Ants Piip, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1884)
  • Oct 6 Erich Kuttner, German journalist/historian (Vorwarts), dies
  • Oct 8 Sergei Chaplygin, Soviet engineer
  • Oct 10 Richard von Schaukal, Austria poet/writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • Oct 11 Leonid Vladimirovich Nikolayev, composer, dies at 64
  • Oct 15 Dirk Bannink, nurse/local counciller Deventer, executed
  • Oct 16 12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
  • Oct 18 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • Oct 20 May Robson, actress (Star is Born, Reckless), dies at 84
  • Oct 22 Gustave "Staff" de Clercq, leader Flemish Nationally Covenant, dies
  • Oct 22 Sybren Tulip, NSBer/supt of police in Amsterdam (1941-42), dies
  • Oct 23 Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies
  • Oct 23 Ralph Rainger, composer, dies at 41
  • Oct 24 Arthur Dolphin, cricketer (1 Test England 1921, 1 run, 1 catch), dies
  • Oct 25 Ted Arnold, cricketer (160 runs & 31 wkts in 10 Tests for Eng), dies
  • Oct 27 Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)