What Happened in May 1943

Historical Events

  • May 1 1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam
  • May 1 69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04
  • May 1 Food rationing begins in US
  • May 1 German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes
  • May 1 German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta
  • May 1 Rauter signs unofficial death sentence
  • May 2 German troops vacate Jefna, Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 3 Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

  • May 3 Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed
  • May 3 US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia
  • May 4 NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier
  • May 5 Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System
  • May 6 British 1st army opens assault on Tunis
  • May 7 British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis
  • May 7 Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps
  • May 7 Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched
  • May 7 US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia
  • May 7 US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia
  • May 8 68th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4
  • May 8 Admiral Cunningham of British fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass"
  • May 9 5th German Pantser army surrenders in Tunisia
  • May 9 Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 11 Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • May 11 US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured)
  • May 12 Axis forces in North Africa surrender

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 12 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • May 12 German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender
  • May 13 German & Italian forces in Africa surrender
  • May 13 German occupiers confiscate all radios
  • May 14 Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine.
  • May 15 Halifax bombers sinks U-463
  • May 15 Warsaw ghetto uprising ends in its destruction

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 15 Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • May 16 Operation Chastise: No. 617 Squadron RAF begins the famous Dambusters Raid, bombing the Möhne and Eder dams in the Ruhr valley with bouncing bombs
  • May 16 German troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw
  • May 16 Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting
  • May 17 The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer).
  • May 17 World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams.
  • May 18 Allied bombers attack Pantelleria, an Italian island 100 km southwest of Sicily
  • May 19 Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews)
  • May 19 Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan
  • May 20 French, British & US victory parade in Tunis Tunisia
  • May 21 Fastest 9 inning AL baseball game (89 mins), White Sox beat Senators
  • May 22 1st jet fighter is tested
  • May 22 RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander"
  • May 22 Stalin disbands Komintern
  • May 23 -24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 23 Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

Novelist Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 24 Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

Admiral and Navy Commander Karl Dönitz
Admiral and Navy Commander
Karl Dönitz
  • May 24 U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje
  • May 25 Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers
  • May 25 Trident conference in Washington, D.C. (operation plan '43 against Japan)
  • May 26 Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US
  • May 26 Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam
  • May 26 Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa
  • May 27 French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris
  • May 27 US forbids racial discrimination in war industry
  • May 28 British miliitary reaches Tito

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 29 Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • May 29 Meat & cheese rationed in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 30 French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • May 30 US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians
  • May 31 "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
  • May 31 Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters

Famous Birthdays

  • May 1 Joy Harmon, actress (Cool Hand Luke), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • May 3 John Costello, historian
  • May 4 Nickolas Ashford, SC, singer (Ashford & Simpson-Solid as a Rock)
  • May 4 Stella Parton, sister of Dolly Parton/singer (A Woman's Touch)
  • May 4 Mikhail Chemiakin, Russian painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 5 Michael Palin, English comedian (Monty Python, Fish Called Wanda), born in Sheffield, Yorkshire

Comedian and Actor Michael Palin
Comedian and Actor
Michael Palin
  • May 5 Raphael, Spanish singer
  • May 6 Andreas Baader, leader of the German organization Red Army Faction (d. 1977)
  • May 7 Christopher Taylor White, rocker
  • May 7 Peter Horak, jetboat jumper
  • May 7 Rick West, [Richard Westwood], rocker (Brian Poole & Tremeloes)
  • May 7 Peter Carey, Australian author (True History of the Kelly Gang), born in Bacchus Marsh, Victoria
  • May 8 Paul Samwell-Smith, Richmond, Surrey, English bassist (The Yardbirds-For Your Love)
  • May 8 Toni Tennille, female Beachboy (Capt & Tennille), born in Montgomery, Alabama
  • May 9 Bruce Milner, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • May 9 Maurice Foster, cricketer (West Indies batsman of 70's)
  • May 10 Bruce Raymond, British jockey, born in Hatfield
  • May 10 James Earl Chaney, US civil rights activist
  • May 10 Andrzej Badeński, Polish athlete (400 metres) (d. 2008)
  • May 10 David Clennon, American actor
  • May 10 Richard Darman, American economist
  • May 11 Arnie Satin, rocker (The Dovells), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • May 11 George Edwards, composer
  • May 11 Les Chadwick, bassist (Gerry & Pacemakers-Ferry Crossed the Mersy)
  • May 11 Nancy Greene, Canada, giant slalom (Olympic-gold-1968)
  • May 11 Juliet Harmer, English actress
  • May 12 David Walker, rock keyboardist (Gary Lewis & Playboys-Diamond Ring)
  • May 12 Linda Dano, actress (Felicia Gallant-Another World), born in Los Angeles, California
  • May 13 Mary Wells, singer (My Guy), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • May 14 Alan B Mollohan, (Rep-D-WV, 1983- )
  • May 14 Dereck "Lek" Leckenby, guitarist
  • May 14 Elizabeth Ray, Marshall NC, congressman Wayne Hays' lover
  • May 14 Jack Bruce, Lanarkshire Scotland, bassist (Cream-White Room)
  • May 14 Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland
  • May 15 Harve Brosten, comedy writer/producer/director (All in the Family)
  • May 16 Dan Coats, (Rep-R-IN, 1981- )
  • May 16 Jon Jost, director (All the Vermeers in NY)
  • May 17 Johnny Warren, Australian Footballer (d. 2004)
  • May 17 Vicky Moscholiou, Greek singer (d. 2005)
  • May 18 James Reiher, American professional wrestler
  • May 20 Deryck Murray, cricket wicket-keeper (West Indian 1963-80)
  • May 20 Iain Vallance [Baron Vallance of Tummel], CEO (British Telecom)
  • May 20 Tison Street, composer
  • May 20 Al Bano, Italian singer
  • May 20 Martin Honeysett, British cartoonist (Punch, Private Eye), born in Hereford (d. 2015)
  • May 21 Hilton Valentine, rock guitarist (Animals-House of the Rising Sun)
  • May 22 Tommy John, pitcher (Yankee/Dodger)
  • May 22 Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
  • May 22 Gesine Schwan, German politician and science professor
  • May 23 John Newcombe, Australia, tennis pro (Wimbledon 1967, 70, 71)
  • May 23 Lars-Ake Nilsson, diplomat
  • May 23 Peter Kenilorea, PM Solomon Islands
  • May 24 Gary Burghoff, actor (Radar - M*A*S*H), born in Bristol, Connecticut
  • May 24 James Levine, British conductor
  • May 25 John "Poli" Palmer, British rocker (Family), born in Evesham, Worcestershire
  • May 25 Leslie Uggams, singer/actress (Leslie Uggams Show, Roots), born in NYC, New York
  • May 25 Sally Jesse Raphael, TV talk show host (Sally) [or Feb 25]
  • May 25 Wynand C Malan, South African lawyer/NP/DP-politician
  • May 25 Jessi Colter, American singer
  • May 26 Erica G Terpstra, Oly swimmer/Dutch MP (VVD)
  • May 27 Bruce Weitz, Norwalk Ct, actor (Hill St Blues, Death of a Centerfold)
  • May 27 Cilla Black [Priscilla White], pop singer and TV personality (Blind Date), born in Liverpool, England (d. 2015)
  • May 28 Dennis Riley, composer
  • May 28 Liz Edgar, horse show jumper
  • May 28 Ray Mitchell, governor (Albany Prison, England)
  • May 28 Tony Mansfield, [Anthony Bookbinder], rock drummer (Billy J Kramer)
  • May 28 Elena Souliotis, Greek soprano (d. 2004)
  • May 29 Bob Edgar, (Rep-D-PA, 1975-87)
  • May 29 E Thomas Coleman, (Rep-R-MO, 1976- )
  • May 29 Terry Pavey, editor (TV Times)
  • May 29 Robert W. Edgar, Theologian and Politician, (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 30 Gale Sayers, NFL running back (Chicago Bears), born in Wichita, Kansas

NFL Running Back Gale Sayers
NFL Running Back
Gale Sayers
  • May 31 Richard Timothy George Mansfield Parker, 9th Earl of Macclesfield
  • May 31 Joe Namath, PA, NFL QB (NY Jets), $400,000 man (1969 Superbowl)
  • May 31 Sharon Gless, actress (Chris Cagney-Cagney & Lacey), born in Los Angeles, California
  • May 31 Wayne Carson, country musician and songwriter (Always On My Mind), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2015)

Famous Deaths

  • May 1 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, dies at 71
  • May 3 Leslie Heward, composer, dies at 45
  • May 8 Mordicai Anielewicz, commander of Warsaw ghetto uprising, killed
  • May 10 Andre Bertulot, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 10 Arnaud/Armand Fraiteur, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 10 Maurice-Albert Raskin, Belgian resistance fighter, hanged
  • May 12 Albert Stoessel, composer, dies at 48
  • May 14 Henri La Fontaine, Belgian Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1854)
  • May 16 Alfred Hoche, German psychiatrist (b. 1865)
  • May 17 Montagu Love, actor (Wind), dies at 65
  • May 19 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (b. 1865)
  • May 24 Vladimir I Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, Russian playwright, dies at 84
  • May 25 Nils von Dardel, Swedish post-impressionist painter (b. 1888)
  • May 26 Edsel Ford, owner (Ford Motor Company), dies at 49
  • May 29 Hermann Hans Wetzler, composer, dies at 72